Bildoj Kaj Demandoj (Lernu) 1 Flashcards Preview

Esperanto > Bildoj Kaj Demandoj (Lernu) 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Bildoj Kaj Demandoj (Lernu) 1 Deck (500):
1

bildo

picture, image

2

bildoj

pictures, images

3

demando

question (n.)

4

demandoj

questions (n.)

5

testo

test

6

testoj

tests

7

rezulto

result (n.)

8

ripetado

repetition

9

parto

a part

10

superrigardo

overview

11

sendu

send

12

helpo

aid, help (n.)

13

jes

yes

14

Bone

well, fine

15

korekte

correct

16

nekorekte

incorrect

17

alternativoj

alternatives

18

alternativo

alternative

19

Provu denove

try again

20

Kio estas tio?

What is that?

21

Tio estas...

That is...

22

el

from

23

ne

no, not

24

pli

more (comparative)

25

da

of (follows quantity or measure)

26

konfirmo

confirmation

27

kio

what, which (thing)

28

esti

to be

29

estas

is, am, are

30

estis

was, were

31

estos

will be

32

tio

that (thing)

33

homo

human being

34

virino

woman

35

viro

man

36

knabo

boy

37

knabino

girl

38

kaj

and

39

kiu

who, which person

40

tiu

that person, that one

41

vi

you

42

mi

I, me

43

sxi

she, her

44

li

he, him

45

unu

one

46

du

two

47

tri

three

48

homoj

people

49

virinoj

women

50

ili

they

51

frukto

a fruit

52

fruktoj

fruits

53

ni

we, us

54

gxi

it

55

segxo

chair

56

pilko

ball (for games)

57

pomo

apple

58

pomoj

apples

59

pilkoj

balls (for games)

60

hundo

dog

61

hundoj

dogs

62

banano

banana

63

bananoj

bananas

64

kiuj

who, which people

65

programisto

programmer

66

instruisto

teacher

67

studento

student

68

fotisto

photographer

69

fotistoj

photographers

70

kie

where, which place

71

logxas

dwell(s)

72

logxi

to dwell

73

logxis

dwelled

74

logxos

will dwell

75

Kairo

Cairo

76

en

in

77

domo

house

78

Novjorko

New York

79

apartamento

apartment

80

programistoj

programmers

81

instruistoj

teachers

82

viroj

men

83

knaboj

boys

84

knabinoj

girls

85

apartamentoj

apartments

86

domoj

houses

87

studentoj

students

88

Kio estas tio?

What is that?

89

Kiu estas tiu?

Who is that?

90

Kiu vi estas?

Who are you?

91

Kie vi logxas?

Where do you live?

92

Kiu mi estas?

Who am I?

93

-j-

plural

94

-in-

female

95

Kio vi estas?

What are you?

96

nomo

name

97

mia

my, mine

98

Mia nomo estas...

My name is...

99

tablo

table

100

tabloj

tables

101

Romo

Rome

102

Pekino

Beijing

103

-o

noun ending

104

CXu

Is...?

105

studas

studies (v.)

106

instruas

teaches

107

prezento

presentation

108

fotas

photographing

109

kion

what (asking about a grammatical "object")

110

-n

added to nouns (including proper names) and their adjectives to indicate that they are the "object" of the sentence

111

viron

man (as "object")

112

virojn

men (as "object")

113

foti

to photgraph

114

studi

to study

115

studis

studied

116

studos

will study

117

instrui

to teach

118

instruis

taught

119

instruos

will teach

120

-as

present tense verb ending

121

-os

future tense verb ending

122

-is

past tense verb ending

123

-i

infinitive tense verb ending

124

mangxi

to eat (something)

125

mangxas

eats

126

mangxis

ate

127

mangxos

will eat

128

pomon

apple (as "object")

129

kiun

who (asking about a grammatical "object")

130

homon

human being, person (as "object")

131

fruktojn

fruits (as "object")

132

bananon

banana (as "object")

133

programi

to program

134

programis

programmed

135

programas

programing

136

programos

will program

137

fotis

photographed

138

fotos

will photograph

139

fari

to do, to make

140

faris

did, made

141

faras

doing, making

142

faros

will do, will make

143

flava

yellow

144

granda

large

145

vetero

weather

146

mal-

denotes the opposite of the root

147

malbona

bad

148

Kia estas la vetero?

What kind is the weather?

149

kia

what kind of (answer will be an adjective)

150

kiaj

what kind of (asking about a plural noun)

151

bonaj

good (describing a plural noun)

152

flavaj

yellow (describing a plural noun)

153

la

the

154

grandaj

large (describing a plural noun)

155

kian

what kind of (asking about a grammatical "object")

156

havi

to have

157

havis

had

158

havas

have

159

havos

will have

160

grandan

large (describing "object")

161

rugxa

red

162

rugxan

red (describing "object")

163

haro

a hair

164

haroj

hairs

165

kiajn

what kind of (asking about a plural grammatical "object")

166

hela

bright, light in color

167

malhela

dark (adj)

168

malhelajn

dark (describing plural "object")

169

hundojn

dogs (as "object")

170

grandajn

large (describing plural "object")

171

nigra

black

172

nigraj

black (describing a plural noun)

173

nigran

black (describing "object")

174

nigrajn

black (describing plural "object")

175

Kion vi faras?

What are you doing?

176

Kion vi faris?

What did you do?

177

Kion vi faros?

What will you do?

178

faligi

to cause (something) to fall

179

faligis

caused (something) to fall

180

faligas

causing (something) to fall

181

faligos

will cause (something) to fall

182

arbon

tree (as "object")

183

arbo

tree

184

Esperantisto

Esperanto speaker

185

bruna

brown

186

kiujn

who (asking about plural grammatical "object")

187

Esperanton

Esperanto (as "object")

188

-a

adjective ending

189

flavaj

yellow (describing plural noun)

190

flavan

yellow (describing "object")

191

bonan

good (describing "object")

192

knabinon

girl (as "object")

193

kiel

as, how, which way

194

kuri

to run

195

kuras

runs

196

kuros

will run

197

kuris

ran

198

rapida

quick, fast

199

rapide

quickly

200

malrapide

leisurely, slowly

201

malrapida

slow, tardy

202

farti

to fare, to feel, to be doing

203

fartas

fares, feels, is doing

204

fartos

will fare, will feel, will be doing

205

fartis

fared, felt, was doing

206

malbone

badly, ill

207

-e

adverb ending

208

kiam

when, what time

209

matene

in the morning (morningly)

210

brili

to be bright, shiny

211

brilas

shines

212

suno

sun

213

tage

in the daytime (daily)

214

vespere

in the evening (eveningly)

215

dormas

sleeps

216

dormi

to sleep

217

dormos

will sleep

218

dormis

slept

219

brilos

will shine

220

brilis

shone

221

nokte

at night (nightly)

222

sur

on, upon

223

sub

under, beneath

224

antaux

before, in front of (time and space)

225

malantaux

behind (in space)

226

kien

where ... to (with place as "object")

227

al

to, in the direction of

228

iras

go(es)

229

iri

to go

230

iris

went

231

iros

will go

232

gxis

as far as, up to, until

233

domon

house (as "object")

234

-n

Used after prepositions which indicate a place to express movement to that place

235

kies

whose, which one's

236

de

of, from (indicates possession)

237

fotilo

camera

238

komputilo

computer

239

de kie

from where, whence

240

lando

country, land

241

Usono

United States of America

242

urbo

city

243

CXinio

China

244

Italio

Italy

245

numeroj

numbers, numerals

246

tabulo

board, plank, blackboard (teaching)

247

nul

zero

248

unu

one

249

du

two

250

tri

three

251

kvar

four

252

kvin

five

253

ses

six

254

sep

seven

255

ok

eight

256

naux

nine

257

dek

ten

258

dek du

twelve

259

dek naux

nineteen

260

dudek

twenty

261

tridek kvin

thirty five

262

cent

(a) hundred

263

kvincent sesdek unu

five hundred sixty one

264

kiom

how much, what quantity

265

kosti

to cost

266

kostas

costs

267

kostos

will cost

268

kostis

did cost

269

stelojn

stars (as "object" or quantity)

270

stelo

star

271

steloj

stars

272

tricent kvardek sep

three hundered and forty seven

273

longe

for a long time, long

274

kilometro

kilometer

275

kilometroj

kilometers

276

kilometrojn

kilometers (as quantity)

277

agxi

to be the age of

278

agxas

is the age of

279

agxos

will be the age of

280

agxis

was the age of

281

jaro

year

282

jaroj

years

283

jarojn

years (as quantity)

284

dek ok

eighteen

285

-n

ending used to express a quantity

286

minuto

(a) minute

287

Minutoj

minutes

288

horo

hour, time of day

289

sesdek

sixty

290

minutojn

minutes (as quantity)

291

horoj

hours

292

tagnokto

24-hour period, day

293

dudek kvar

twenty four

294

horojn

hours (as quantity)

295

sxati

to like, to appreciate

296

sxatas

like, likes

297

hundema

fond of dogs

298

malhundema

having an aversion to dogs

299

ne

no, not

300

studema

fond of studying, studious

301

malstudema

having an aversion to studying

302

instruema

fond of teaching

303

malinstruema

having an aversion to teaching

304

fotema

fond of taking photos

305

fotemaj

fond of taking photos (pl)

306

persono

person

307

tre

very; very much

308

-em-

indicates an inclination or preference

309

kurema

tendency to run, fond of runing

310

dormema

drowsy, sleepy, fond of sleeping

311

bonkora

good-hearted

312

juna

young

313

do

therefore, so, then

314

junulo

a youth, young person

315

junulino

young woman, girl, gal

316

maljuna

old (not young)

317

maljunulo

an old person

318

kuremulo

person who likes to run

319

kuremulino

woman who likes to run

320

dormemulo

sleepyhead, someone who likes to sleep

321

-ul-

indicates a person with the root trait

322

profesie

professionally

323

hobio

hobby

324

esperantistino

female Esperantist

325

ideologio

ideology

326

komunismo

communism

327

komunisto

communist

328

-ist-

indicates profession, ideology, hobby, etc. of a person

329

per

with, through, by, on, by means of

330

alia

other

331

vorto

word

332

knabeto

little boy

333

pilketo

little ball

334

knabineto

little girl

335

-et-

indicates diminuation of size or strength

336

pilkego

large ball

337

hundegoj

large dogs

338

hundego

large dog

339

pomego

large apple

340

-eg-

indicates an increase in size or strength

341

fali

to fall, to drop

342

falas

is falling, is dropping

343

falos

will fall, will drop

344

falis

fell, dropped

345

igi

to cause

346

igas

is causing

347

junuloj

young people, youths

348

danci

to dance

349

dancas

dancing

350

kun

with

351

muziko

music

352

dancigas

causes dancing

353

infano

child, infant

354

patro

father

355

mangxigas

feeds, causes eating

356

mangxigi

to feed, to cause eating

357

infanon

child, infant (as "object")

358

cxevalo

horse

359

kurigas

causes running

360

kurigi

to cause running, to make run

361

cxevalon

horse (as "object)

362

-ig-

denotes causing or bringing about an state, creates causative verbs, to make, to render

363

oni

one, they, people

364

skribi

to write

365

skribas

writes, is writing

366

skribis

wrote

367

skribos

will write

368

skribilo

writing tool (pen, pencil)

369

trancxi

to cut, to slice

370

trancxas

is cuting, is slicing

371

trancxilo

knife

372

komputi

to compute

373

komputas

computes

374

komputilo

computer

375

-il-

indicates an instrument or method by which something is done

376

patrino

mother

377

lavi

to wash

378

lavas

washes, is washing

379

lavos

will wash

380

lavis

washed, did wash

381

okazi

to happen, to occur

382

okazas

happens, is happening

383

okazos

will happen

384

okazis

happened

385

pri

about, concerning

386

lavigxi

to be washed

387

lavigxas

is being washed

388

lavigxos

will be washed

389

lavigxis

was washed, was made clean

390

kurado

running

391

lacigas

tires, is making tired

392

lacigi

to make tired

393

lacigxi

to get tired, to be made tired

394

lacigxas

is being made tired

395

lacigxos

will be made tired

396

lacigxis

was made tired

397

heligxi

to clear, get bright

398

aux

or, either... or...

399

malheligxi

to darken

400

malheligxas

darkens

401

malheligxis

darkened

402

malheligxos

will darken

403

heligxas

clears, becomes brighter, becomes lighter

404

heligxis

cleared, became brighter, became lighter,

405

heligxos

will clear, will become brighter, will become ligher

406

-igx-

shows a change of state or the subject undergoing a process

407

komenci

to begin (something)

408

komencas

begins (something)

409

komencis

began (something)

410

komencos

will begin (something)

411

alivorte

in other words, put another way

412

ekfarti

to start feeling, start faring

413

ekfartas

begins to feel, begins to fare

414

ekmalbonfarti

to start feeling badly

415

ekmalbonfartas

is beging to feel badly

416

pluvi

to rain

417

pluvis

rained

418

pluvas

rains, is raining

419

pluvos

will rain

420

ekpluvis

began to rain

421

ekmangxi

to begin to eat

422

ekmangxis

began to eat

423

ek-

denotes an action which begins or is of short duration

424

gepatroj

parents

425

gepatrojn

parents (as "object")

426

frato

brother

427

fraton

brother (as "object")

428

fratino

sister

429

fratinon

sister (as "object")

430

gefratoj

brother(s) and sister(s)

431

gefratojn

brother(s) and sister(s) (as "object")

432

geknaboj

boy(s) and girl(s)

433

ge-

denotes both sexes together

434

Kioma horo estas?

What time is it?

435

kioma

how many, what number

436

unua

first

437

dua

second (2nd)

438

tria

third

439

kvara

fourth

440

kvina

fifth

441

sesa

sixth

442

sepa

seventh

443

oka

eighth

444

nauxa

ninth

445

deka

tenth

446

dek-unua

eleventh

447

dek-dua

twelfth

448

dek-tria

thirteenth

449

dek-kvara

fourteenth

450

dek-kvina

fifteenth

451

dek-sesa

sixteenth

452

dek-sepa

seventeenth

453

dek-oka

eighteenth

454

dek-nauxa

nineteenth

455

dudeka

twentieth

456

dudek-unua

twenty-first

457

dudek-dua

twenty-second

458

dudek-tria

twenty-third

459

dudek-kvara

twenty-fourth

460

duono

half

461

post

after (in time)

462

kvarono

quarter

463

diras

says

464

diri

to say

465

diris

said

466

diros

will say

467

doni

to give

468

donu

give (as a command)

469

pano

bread

470

panon

bread (as "object")

471

peti

to ask for, to request

472

mi petas

please

473

petos

will ask for, will request

474

petis

asked for, requested

475

modelino

female model

476

modelo

model

477

fotu

photograph (as a command)

478

min

me (as "object")

479

pardonu

excuse me, sorry, forgive me

480

kuru

run (as a command)

481

startu

start (as a command)

482

ekkuru

start running (as a command)

483

-u

imperative/command tense verb ending

484

-us

conditional/subjunctive tense verb ending

485

farus

would do

486

havus

would have

487

se

if

488

multe da

a lot of, much, plenty of, many of

489

mono

money

490

acxeti

to buy

491

acxetas

buys

492

acxetis

bought

493

acxetos

will buy

494

acxetus

would buy

495

nova

new

496

novan

new (describing "object")

497

biciklo

bicycle

498

biciklon

bicycle (as "object")

499

bela

beautiful

500

belan

beautiful (describing "object")