Abdomen And Peritoneum Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Abdomen And Peritoneum Deck (44):
1

anything positioned posterior to the peritoneal sac in the abdominal cavity (describes structures connected to the posterior abdominal wall)

retroperitoneal

2

abdominal wall muscular extends superiorly from the ____ and reaches anteriorly to the ___

xiphoid process, iliac crest

3

feature that separates abdominal structures (false pelvis) from true pelivic structures

linea terminalis

4

just deep to the abdominal skin lies the ___ fascia, a fatty layer that is continuous with similar layers in thorax, thigh, and perineum (superficial blood vessels run through here)

camper's

5

deep to camper's (fatty) fascia in the abdomen is this membranous layer which fuses with the fascia lata and is continuous over the penis and scrotum

scarpa's fascia

6

deep to the transverse abdominal muscle in the abdomen is the _____ fascia

endoabdominal/ transversalis

7

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A image thumb
8

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A image thumb
9

The liver can be found in which abdomenal quadrant

upper right

10

the stomach can be found in which abdomenal quadrant

upper left 

11

the sigmoid colon can be found in which abdomenal quadrant

lower left

12

four sets of muscles that hold abdominal organs in place from the anterolateral aspect

internal oblique

external oblique

transverse abdominus

rectus abdominis

13

four sets of muscles that hold the abdomen together from the posterior

psoas major

psoas minor

iliacus

quadratus lumborum

14

aponeurosis that is an attachment for all anterior abdomenal muscles

rectus sheath

15

the rectus sheath encloses what muscle

rectus abdominis

16

the ____ line is the line where the abdominal fascia arrangement changes. below this the rectus abdominis sits ___ to all sheaths

arcuate, posterior

17

the anoneurosis from teh ___ splits around the rectus abdominis

internal oblique

18

when holding your hands in your pocket, your fingers run in the same direction as the ___ oblique and your thumbs run with the __ oblique

external, internal

19

external oblique (forms the inguinal ligament) and is innervated by

spinal n. t8-t12

20

internal oblique is innervated by spinal nerves

t8-t12

21

transverse abdominis is innervated by spinal nerves

t8-t12

22

rectus abdominis is innervated by spinal nerves

t7-t12

23

anterior abdominal wall nerves lie between which two muscles

internal abdominal oblique and transversus abdominis

24

this nerve enters the inguinal canal and emerges through inguinal ring to supply groin and external reproductive organs

ilioinguinal n.

25

this nerve supplies supra pubic region

iliohypogastric

26

which branch of the genitofemoral nerve exits through the superficial inguinal ring

genital

27

superior to the umbilicus lymph drains to ___ region and inferior to umbilicus lymph drains to ___ region

axillary, inguinal

28

condition resulting form viscera protruding through weakened point of abdominopelvic musculature, can become strangulated and lose circulation

hernia

29

___ inguinal hernias are when loop of sm. intestine protrudes directly through the superficial inguinal ring but not down the entire length of the inguinal canal creating a bulge in the lower anterior abdominal wall. (passes medial to inferior)

~MEN MORE LIKELY~

__ inguinal hernia occurs when herniation travels down the entire inguinal canal and may extend to the scrotum (passes lateral to inferior)

direct

indirect

30

a hernia htat occurs inferior to the inguinal ligament is a __ hernia originating in the ___ (WOMEN MORE LIKELY)

femoral, femoral triangle

31

esophagus, stomach, liver, gallbladder, spleen, and pancreas get blood supply from the ___ trunk and are from what embryological structure

ciliac

foregut

32

jejunum, ileum, cecum, appendix, ascending colon receive blood from the ____ artery and originate from what embryological feature

superior mesenteric

midgut

33

the descending and sigmoid colon, rectum, and anus receive blood from the ___ artery and originate from what embryological structure

inferior mesenteric

hindgut

34

the parietal and visceral (serous) peritoneum of the abdomen together make up whats known as a 

mesentary

35

these organs (kidney, suprarenal gland, uterus, duodenum, pancreas, rectum, ascending and descending colon) have no mesentary or lost it throughout development

retroperitoneal

36

the median umbilical fold is also called the ___ and if it is patent then urine gets expelled from bladder through the umbilicus

urachus

37

this structure is a curved remnant of the ventral mesogastrium (obliterated umbilical vein)

falciform ligament

38

site for direct inguinal hernias (aka inguinal triangle), between the medial and lateral umbilical folds

medial inguinal fossa

39

the greater sac of the peritoneal cavity includes both the ___ and the ___ compartment

supracolic, infracolic

40

greater and lesser sac of the peritoneal cavity communicate via this structure below the free edge of the lesser omentum

foramen of winslow

41

anterior to teh epeploic foramen of winslow is the hepatoduodenal ligament which carries the 

portal triad

42

this structure attaches free small intestine to the posterior body wall

THE mesentery

43

the ___ attaches the colon to the posterior body wall

mesocolon

44