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Flashcards in Thoracic Deck (53):
1

symphysis joint utilizing anterior and posterior longitudinal ligaments

intervertebral

2

synovial joint involving radiate and intra-articular ligaments of the head of the rib

costovertebral joint

3

costovertebral joints are what type

synovial

4

intervertebral joints are what type

symphysis

5

costotransverse joints are what type

synovial

6

synovial joint involving lateral and superior costotransverse ligaments

costotransverse

7

which part of the rib articulates with the transverse process of the corresponding vertebra

tubercle

8

first sternocostal joint is what type of joint

primary cartilaginous

9

sternocostal joints 2-7 are what type of joint

synovial

10

synovial joint involving anterior and posterior radiate sternocostal ligaments

sternocostal joints

11

sternoclavicular is what type fo joint

saddle, synovial

12

this synovial joint involes the anterior and posterior sternoclavicular ligaments and the costoclavicular ligament

sternoclavicular

13

what type of joint is costochondral

primary cartilaginous joint

14

this primary cartilaginous joint involves no ligaments: it is bound together by the surrounding cartilage and periosteum

costochondral

15

interchondral joints are what type

synovial, plane

16

this synovial joint involves the interchondral ligaments

interchondral

17

the manubriosternal joint is what type

secondary cartillagenous (symphysis)

18

the xiphisternal joint is what type of joint

primary cartilaginous joint (synchondrosis)

19

what innervates the external intercostals, internal intercostals, and innermost intercostals allowing the ribs to elevate durign forced inspiration

intercostal n.

20

what muscle attaches to posterior lower sternum and inserts on internal surface of costal carilage 2-6

transversus thoracis

21

what muscle extends from internal lower ribs to superior rib 2 or 3 below

subcostal m.

22

what muscle foes from transverse process of thoracic vertebra to subjacent ribs between tubercle and ange

levatores costarum

23

what innervates levatores costarum

C8-T11 dorsal rami

24

what muscle extends from nuchal ligament to superior border of ribs 2-4

serratus posterior superior m.

25

what innervates serratus posterior superior m.

intercostal n. 2-5

26

what innervates serratus posterior inferior

intercostal n. 9-11 as well as subcostal (T12) n.

27

what muscle extends spinous process of T11-L2 to interior border of rib 8-12

serratus posterior inferior

28

the externaal intercostals, internal intercostal (interchondral part ONLY), innermost intercostal, levator costarum, and serratus posterior superior will do what to ribs

elevate

29

the internal intercostals, innermost intercostals (interosseous part ONLY) transversus thoracis, subcostal muscles, and serratus posterior inferior will do what to ribs

depress

30

transversus thoracis, serratus posterior inferior and superior: along with rib movement, these muscles are what

proprioceptive

31

this artery passes between internal and innermost intercostals and supplies intercostal muscles, overlying skin, and parietal pleura

anterior and posterior intercostal a.

32

this artery originates as the subclavian and eventually divides into superior epigastric and musculophrenic

internal thoracic a.

33

this artery originates from the thoracic aorta and runs along inside of rib 12 to anterolateral abdominal muscles and overlaying skin

subcostal a.

34

atypical ribs

1, 2, 11, 12

35

rib(s) that articulate with the manubrium

1 and 2

36

rib(s) that articulate with body of sternum

3-6

37

rib(s) that articulate with xiphoid process

7

38

rib(s) that articulate with costal cartilage of rib 7

8-10

39

vertebrocostal ribs

1-7

40

vertebrochondral ribs

8-10

41

what part of vertebrae articulates with the head of rib

superior and inferior demifacet

42

what part of vertebrae articulates with tubercle of rib of the same corresponding number

transverse process

43

neurovascular bundles run along costal groove between which two sets of muscles

internal and innermost intercostals

44

space below the lungs and above diaphragm

costodiaphragmatic recess

45

air in pleural cavity (_____) causes collapse of surface tension and pulmonary collapse

pneumothorax

46

blood in pleural cavity (_____) causes collapse of surface tension and pulmonary collapse

hemothorax

47

serous fluid from infection or heart failure in pleural cavity (_____) causes collapse of surface tension and pulmonary collapse

hydrothorax

48

lymph in pleural cavity (_____) causes collapse of surface tension and pulmonary collapse

chylothorax

49

inflammation of pleura causing a scraping sound during oscilltation

pleuritis

50

pulmonary artery clot or blockage

pulmonary embolism

51

cancer of bronchial epithelium easily metasisized, caused by smoking

bronchogenic carcinoma

52

cancer of pleura, caused by asbestos

malignant mesothelioma

53

bacterial lung infection spread through air droplets

pulmonary tuberculosis