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Flashcards in Abnormal Behavior Deck (90)
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1

Name the four components that characterize abnormal behavior. 

 
 
 
 
 

  1. unusual 
  2. maladaptive to situational functioning
  3. labeled as abnormal in society
  4. characterized by perceptual or cognitive dysfunction
 
 
 
 
 

2

How many of the four components of abnormal behavior are necessary for a positive diagnosis? 

 
 

all four

 
 

3

What is psychopathology the study of? 

 
 

origin, development, and manifestations of mental or behavioral disorders 

 
 

4

Why is the word "insanity" not used in psychology?

 
 

Insanity is a legal, rather than a medical description

 
 

5

In the medical model of abnormal behavior, what is defined as the apparent cause and development of an illness?

 
 

etiology

 
 

6
Define:

prognosis

 
 
 

probable course of an illness

 
 
 

7

According to the psychoanalytic perspective, interactions among the __________, __________, and __________ are responsible for abnormal behavior.

 
 
 
 

id; ego; superego

 
 
 
 

8

Which psychological perspective contends that abnormal behavior results from internal conflict in the unconscious? 

 
 
 

psychoanalytic perspective 

 
 
 

9

Which theoretical perspective claims that abnormal behavior results from people being too sensitive to criticisms and judgments?

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

humanism

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

10

Which psychopathological approach aims to correct abnormal behavior by changing the faulty or illogical thoughts that characterize it?

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

cognitive approach 

 
 
 
 
 
 

11
True or false:

The behavioral approach believes that  abnormal behavior has at some point been rewarded or reinforced. 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

true

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

12

According to the __________ perspective, chemical or structural abnormalities are responsible for the manifestation of abnormal behavior.

 
 
 
 
 
 

biological 

 
 
 
 
 
 

13

The sociocultural perspective emphasizes __________ and __________ in defining the parameters of acceptable behavior.

 
 
 
 
 

society; culture

 
 
 
 
 

14

This perspective believes that abnormal behavior occurs when psychological mechanisms do not effectively perform their naturally selected functions?

 

 
 

evolutionary perspective 

 
 

15

Although each of the psychopathological perspectives has different views on the etiology of abnormal behavior, they all agree that disorders have multiple causes.

Name the three classes of causes.

 
 

  1. predisposing causes
  2. precipitating causes
  3. maintaining causes
 
 

16

What is a predisposing cause? 

 

environmental or genetic influence that exists before the onset of the disorder; increases vulnerability to the disorder

 

17

What is the name for an event that triggers the onset of a disorder? 

 
 

precipitating cause

 
 

18

What is a maintaining cause? 

 
 

factor that makes the disorder more likely to continue

 
 

19

What is the purpose of the DSM-IV-TR?

 
 

 to identify and classify psychological disorders using diagnostic criteria

 
 

20

How many axes are used in order to obtain a DSM-IV-TR diagnosis?

 
 

five

 
 

21

Which of the following disorders would be found on Axis I of the DSM-IV-TR:

  • histrionic personality disorder
  • schizophrenia
  • mental retardation

 

 
 
 
 

schizophrenia

Major disorders are found on Axis I, while personality disorders and mental retardation are found on Axis II.

 
 
 
 

22

What two classes of disorders are found on Axis II of the DSM-IV-TR?

 
 

  1. personality disorders
  2. mental retardation
 
 

23

Which axis of the DSM-IV-TR assesses the patient's general health?

 

Axis III

 

24

Which axis of the DSM-IV-TR is used to assess the effects of a patient's divorce or job loss, for example?

 
 

Axis IV

Axis IV assesses the personal level of psychosocial and environmental stress.

 
 

25

What does Axis V of the DSM-IV-TR assess? 

 
 

general level of functioning

 
 

26
True or false:

It is possible to have a diagnosis on both Axes I and II of the DSM-IV-TR.

 
 
 

true 

 
 
 

27

Name three shortcomings of the DSM-IV-TR.

 
 
 

  1. The DSM-IV-TR is just a guide; cannot describe every symptom and diagnosis
  2. It is overly reliant on the medical aspects of understanding disordered behavior
  3. It is quick to use labels, which can lead to stigmas

 

 
 
 

28

What two overwhelming features characterize anxiety disorders?

 

  1. tension
  2. nervousness
 

29

Feelings of dread and worry, along with constant autonomic nervous system arousal, characterize which disorder?

 
 

generalized anxiety disorder

 
 

30

What factors characterize panic disorders?

 

  • recurring panic attacks 
  • constant worry of another panic attack occurring