What is a psychiatrist?
a medical doctor (M.D.) who can prescribe medicine and perform surgery
These individuals have their Ph.D. or Psy.D. and treat patients using a variety of therapeutic approaches.
Counseling psychologists have earned a Ph.D., Ed.D., Psy.D., or M.A. and deal with what types of issues?
Counseling psychologists deal with less severe mental health problems, including marital therapy.
What type of mental health practitioners follow the teaching of Sigmund Freud?
What type of degree do social workers typically hold?
Social workers must earn their Master's degree in social work (M.S.W.).
What current approach is most similar to the beliefs of ancient Greeks, such as Hippocrates and Galen?
2000 years ago, Greek physicians believed psychological problems had physical causes.
a 1950s movement which relocated nonthreatening patients from mental hospitals to community centers
What was the main consequence of deinstitutionalization?
Deinstitutionalization created an increase in the homeless population.
The process of __________ synthesizes the results of several research studies about the same variables.
therapy that treats the mind, not the body
__________ therapies help clients become self-aware of their problems in order to change behavior.
List the five types of insight therapy.
- psychodynamic therapy
- interpersonal psychotherapy
- humanistic client-centered therapy
- Gestalt therapy
According to the psychoanalytic approach, where does abnormal behavior come from?
unconscious internal conflict and early childhood trauma
What is the goal of psychoanalysis?
to give the patient insight by bringing their conflicts into the conscious mind
Describe traits of traditional psychoanalysis.
- several meetings a week for years
- therapist is not visible to client
- free association
- dream interpretation
Asking the patient to say whatever comes to mind without censoring is asking the patient to engage in a psychoanalytic technique called __________.
Define manifest content as it relates to psychoanalysis.
surface information recalled about a dream
Define latent content as it relates to psychoanalysis.
hidden, underlying meaning of content in dreams
In psychoanalytic dream interpretation, the surface information is called the __________ content, while the hidden, underlying meaning is termed the __________ content.
Define resistance as it relates to psychoanalysis.
Resistance is the blocking of feelings or experiences that provoke anxiety.
Projecting emotional feelings onto the psychoanalyst is known as __________.
Define countertransference as it relates to psychoanalysis.
psychoanalyst projects emotional feelings onto the patient
Define catharsis as it relates to psychoanalysis.
the release of emotional tension and anxiety after reliving an emotionally charged experience
How does psychodynamic therapy compare with psychoanalysis?
- is shorter in duration
- occurs less frequently
- invovles the client facing the therapist
- does not stress the importance of childhood trauma
What type of therapy aims to relieve present symptoms by focusing on the patient's current situation?
According to the humanistic approach, where does abnormal behavior come from?
external factors have affected the patient's ability to grow emotionally
What is the goal of humanistic therapy?
to reduce the difference between the ideal self and the real self
Define self-actualization as it relates to humanistic therapy.
the process of fulfilling one's individual potential
Explain how humanistic therapy is non-directive.
Humanistic therapy is client-centered. Non-directive therapy encourages the client to control the therapeutic route.
Define active listening as it relates to humanistic therapy.
Active listening involves echoing, restating, and clarifying what the client says and does.