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Flashcards in Absolutism In Eastern Europe Deck (34):
0

Occupied the area from the French boarder to Russia in the mid 17th century

Holy Roman Empire, the Republic of Poland, and the Ottoman Empire

1

3 empires on French boarder to Russia were declining in the 17th century because of

A lack of strong central authority and efficient systems of government

2

What were the main causes of the decline of the Holy Roman Empire

The reformation, the thirty years war, and bad emperors

3

The thirty years war left the Holy Roman Empire

Divided into 300 independent states

4

The reformation left the Holy Roman Empire

Decided religiously between Catholics and Protestants

5

In 1660 the king of Poland was elected by

Polish nobles

6

Nobles who elected the king of Poland in 1660

Greatly restricted his power

7

The ottomans threatened Vienna under the lead of

Suleiman the magnificent

8

Marks the beginning of a steady decline in Ottoman power

Austrians successfully repel the Turks

9

The pragmatic sanction stated that

Maria Theresa would inherit the throne and all Habsburg lands

10

Ruled after Charles VI

Mari Theresa

11

Became hereditary rulers of Brandenburg in 1417

Hohenzollerns

12

Began process of forging the Hohenzollern territories into strong powers

Fredrick William the great elector

13

Frederick William the great elector demanded loyalty from

Junkers

14

Junkers

German land owners

15

In return for loyalty to Fredrick William the great elector the Junkers revived

Full power over serfs who labored on their estate

16

Both Fredrick William the great elector an Fredrick William I believed in

Well equipped or powerful armies

17

During the rule of Fredrick William I the Prussian army

Doubled in size

18

Dominated priorities and values if Prussian life under Fredrick William I

Military

19

Officer corps of Prussia were led by the

Junkers

20

Because of Russia's geographic isolation

The ideas of the renaissance, reformation, age of exploration, and scientific revolution did not reach Russia

21

Russia experienced an age of weakness following

Ivan the terrible's death

22

Wanted to westernize Russia

Peter the great

23

In order to learn from his rivals about westernization Peter the great

Toured shipyards, examined military equipment and observed western customs

24

Peter the great begins westernization by

Expanding the Russian army and constructing a new navy

25

Peter the great improved agriculture by

Introducing the potato

26

Peter the great strengthened the economy by

Importing skilled workers

27

Peter the great liberates women by

Allowing them to appear in public without veils

28

The great northern war

Peter orders his army to end swede a dominance on the Baltic

29

The victor of the great Northern war was

Peter the great /Russia

30

As a result to the great northern war Russia became

A dominant power on the Baltic Sea

31

Old nobility who supported traditional Russian culture.

Boyars

32

Peter the great required boyars to

Shave their beards, construct Saint Petersburg and serve in the army

33

Serfs during the rule of Peter the great generally worked

In mines and factories