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Flashcards in The French Revolution And Napoleon Deck (58):
0

Most of France's population just prior to the French Revolution was made of

Peasants

1

Lead to sharp increase of bread prices prior to French Revolution

Grain shortages

2

Three major causes for French government debt prior to the French Revolution were

Louis XIV's prolific spending, the seven years war and financing the American war for independence

3

Major causes for the French Revolution included

Social class issues, peasant distress, government debt, and royal weakness in the government

4

Refusal of the assembly of notables to support Louis XVI's tax reform causes

Calling of estates general

5

Main cause of calling of estates general.

French government threatened with bankruptcy, assembly of notables refuse to support Louis XVI's tax reform.

6

The first estate

The clergy, optional payment of taxes

7

The second estate

Nobility, owned 25 percent of land

8

The third estate

Everyone else, 95 percent of population,

9

Marks beginning of French Revolution

Tennis court oath

10

Led third estate to reject unfair method of voting and to the tennis court oath

Abbé sieyes

11

Bastille

Raiding of prison for a supply of gun powder and weapons used in French Revolution

12

The declaration of the rights of man and the citizen

Declared in French Revolution, states all men are born and remain free and equal in rights

13

What about the French Revolution best shows Locke's ideas of natural rights

The declaration of the rights of man and the citizens

14

Mary Wollstonecraft

Argued that women are not inferior to men in vindication of women's rights

15

Shows fight for women's rights during French Revolution

Mary Wollstonecraft's vindication of women's rights, and women's march to Versailles

16

Women's march to Versailles

Women march to Versailles demanding cheap bread and royal family to move to Paris

17

The acts passed by the National Assembly

Confiscated Roman Catholic Church land, decreed bishops and priests to be elected by people, required clergy to take oath to support new government

18

Pope Pius's reaction to acts passed by National Assembly

He condemned or ignored the acts

19

Clergys reaction to acts passed by National Assembly

Refusal to accept them

20

Did not give women right to vote or abolish private property

National Assembly

21

Conservatives of the legislative assemble who supported the king

The right

22

Moderates in the legislative assemble, comprised large group of legislative assemble

Center

23

Radicals who distrusted the king and wanted the French Revolution I continue in the legislative assemble

The left

24

In the legislative assemble the left was composed of what two groups

Jacobins and Girondists

25

Jacobins

Wanted to overthrow monarchy an make a republic

26

Girondists

Wanted to discredit monarchy and extend revolution across Europe

27

Declaration of phillnitz

Declares restoration of absolutism in France was of the common interest to all sovereigns of Europe

28

War of the first coalition

Legislative assembly declares war against Austria and Prussia

29

War of the first coalition results in

Austria and Prussia advance towards Paris because France was poorly equipped

30

Sans culottes

Took Paris commune in second French Revolution to form a more democratic government

31

September massacres

Mobs of san culottes executed over a thousand priests

32

Marks beginning of second French revolutions

September massacres

33

Abolishes monarchy and declares France a republic in second French Revolution

National convention

34

Executed in second French Revolution

Louis XVI

35

Passed order to execute Louis XVI

National convention

36

Burke warned that mob rule would lead to

Anarchy and military dictatorship

37

First coalition of the late 18th century composed of

England Spain Holland Sardinia and Prussia

38

Causes if the reign of terror

Foreign invaders and threat of domestic rebellion

39

Establishes committee of public safety

National Assembly

40

Leads committee of public safety, shows dictatorial power

Robespierre

41

"Levee en masses"

Robespierre's order decreeing compulsory military services for men between age of 18 and 40

42

Napoleon Bonaparte was mainly motivated by

Patriotism

43

Defeat the first coalition

Committee of public safety

44

Ends radical phase of French Revolution

Robespierre's death

45

Directory

2 house legislature and executive body of 5 men

46

Causes of the fall of the directory

Failure to deal with inflammation food shortages and corruption

47

Overthrows the directory

Napoleon Bonaparte

48

Napoleonic codes

Equality before law, freedom of religion, abolition privilege, protection of property rights

49

Concordat of 1801

Napoleon grants the pope the right to confirm dignitaries appointed by government

50

Popes response to the concordat of 1801

Pope gives recognition to French government and accepts churches loss of land during revolution

51

In the early 19th century Napoleon abolishes

Feudalism

52

The abolition of feudalism did what for French peasants in the early 19th century

Granted them freedom from manorial duties

53

Continental system

Napoleon closes all European ports to British ships and goods

54

Causes of napoleons invasion of Russia in the early 19th century

The continental system stopped vital Russian trade

55

Effects of napoleons invasion of Russia in the early 19th century

Napoleons defeat by the grand alliance at the battle of nations, Napoleon exiled to Elba, grand alliance defeat Napoleon at the battle of Waterloo

56

The grand alliance in the early 19th century was composed of

Great Britain, Russia, Prussia and Austria

57

Napoleons battle of austerlitz

Solidified his reputation as a military genius