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Flashcards in Industrial Revolution Deck (32):
0

Commercial revolution

Successful British merchants had capital for investment

1

Effects of the commercial revolution

Great Britain becomes most highly developed banking system in Europe

2

Incentives of the textile

Large global demand for cotton cloth

3

John Kay

Invented the flying shuttle enabling a single weaver to work twice as fast

4

James Hargreaves

Invents spinning Jenny

5

Richard Arkwright

Water frame

6

Samuel Crompton

Invents the mule

7

Edmund Cartwright

Invents power loom

8

Eli Whitney

Invents the Cottongin

9

Results of continues technological improvements during the textile industry

Shift from human animal to mechanical power, Increase in British cotton production

10

James Watt

Patented the first steam engine

11

Replaced water power in British textile factories

The steam engine

12

Key roll in boosting iron production during the Industrial Revolution

Steam power

13

Effects of railroads during the Industrial Revolution

Stimulated further industrial growth, Reduce the cost of shipping freight, Promoted leisure travel

14

Manufactured one half the world's cotton in 1850

Great Britain

15

The great exhibition

Celebrated Britain's undisputed economic and technological dominance

16

The factory system

Workers used machines manufactured goods

17

Effects of the factory system

The putting out system disappeared, Exposed workers to dangerous machines and Deadly diseases, Widespread employment of women and children

18

The factory system transformed many small towns into

Crowded cities

19

During the Industrial Revolution workers lived in

Crowded slums that lacked sanitation

20

enjoyed political power and leisure time during the Industrial Revolution

The middle class or bourgeoisie

21

Commonly accepted political policy during the Industrial Revolution

Adam Smith's laissez faire

22

Thomas Malthus

Argued that human population grows geometrically while food Supply expands arithmetically

23

David Ricardo

Formulated the iron law of wages

24

The iron law of wages

David Ricardo, Increasing working class wages would prompt laborers to have more children. As the supply of workers increased, their wages would decline

25

Luddites

Broke into early textile factories and smashed machinery

26

Effects of the Luddites

New laws against the destruction of machines, formation of labor unions.

27

The combination and of 1799 and 1800

Prohibited British labor unions

28

Socialism During the Industrial Revolution

The existing distribution of wealth is unjust

29

Utopian societies

Societies based on cooperation instead of competition

30

Marx argue that 19 century society had been split into

The bourgeoisie and the proletariat

31

Karl Marx argued that class struggle between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat Would lead to

Dictatorship of the proletariat