Resoration, Romanticism And Revolution Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Resoration, Romanticism And Revolution Deck (36):
0

Conservatism

Belief that national, historic and religious traditions are essential foundations of society

1

Conservatism stressed that all changes should come

Gradually

2

Industrialization in the lat 18th century began in

Great Britain

3

Industrialization of the late 18th century created a new class of

Urban workers

4

Liberalism

Believed in natural rights the government must protect, supported civil liberties

5

Liberals favor what form of government

Representative

6

Liberals oppose what form of government

Democracy

7

Nationalism

Believe a nation consist of people with similar traditions history and language

8

Host for congress of Vienna

Metternich

9

Metternich strongly believed in the principles of

Conservatism

10

Metternich was from

Austria

11

Principle of legitimacy

Restored ruling family's from before the French Revolution

12

Balance of powers

Weakening of a nation so others are not in danger

13

Quadruple alliance

England Austria Prussia and Russia

14

Purpose of the quadruple alliance

Preserve the conservative order

15

Carlsbad decrees

Dissolved student associations, censored books and newspapers, and used secret police

16

Causes for Carlsbad decrees

Young Germans hoping for liberal reform

17

Causes of the Decembrists revolts in Russia

Tsar Alexander I's death causing army officials to rebel

18

Effects of the Decembrists revolts

Nicolas I's oppressive regime, Russia becomes European most powerful reactionary stronghold

19

Romanticism influenced

Religion art music and philosophy

20

Causes of romanticism

Desire or freedom of thought feeling and action

21

Romanticism rejected

Reason

22

Two key romantic composers
(Different answers accepted)

Beethoven and Richard Wagner

23

Romanticism varies mostly from what early 19th century style of thinking

Enlightened view

24

The Greek revolts for independence in the early 19th century began in

The Ottoman Empire

25

19th century Greek revolts succeeded due to

Support form Great Britain France and Russia

26

England's reform bill of 1832

Creates a number of new districts representing heavily urban areas

27

Causes of England's reform bill of 1832

Low representation in the house if commons

28

Corn laws

Placed a high tariff on imported corn wheat and other grains

29

Anti corn laws

Advocate a free trade policy lowering the price of food

30

People's charter of 1838

Demanded universal male suffrage, secret ballots, and abolition of property requirements for membership in the House of Commons

31

Chartist movement marked by

People's charter

32

Eugene Delacroix captures the spirit of the French revolutions in his

Painting "liberty leading the people"

33

Charles X

Ruler during French revolutions of 1830, opposed republicanism, liberalism and constitutionalism

34

Carbonari 1839

Italian nationalist secret society, hoped to drive out Austrians and unify Italy

35

Causes if the revolutions of 1848

Germany and Italy yearned or unification, widespread crop failure, riding food prices and unemployment