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Flashcards in People Deck (24):
0

Machievellie

The prince, people are evil, ends justify the means

1

Erasmus

Wrote in Latin, praise of folly, wanted to reform not destroy church

2

Martin Luther

Protestant reformer, priesthood of all believers

3

John Calvin

Institutes of Christian religion, Huguenots, established Geneva as model Christian community

4

Montaigne

Created writing style know as essay, skeptical attitude

5

Nicolaus Copernicus

On the revolution of heavenly spheres, heliocentric theory

6

Johannes Kepler

Assistant to Tycho Brahe, three laws of planetary motion, elliptical not circular orbits

7

Galileo Galilee

Scientific method by controlled experiment, condemned for advocating heliocentric model

8

Issac newton

Newtonian world machine idea, strongly influenced deism

9

Francis bacon

Inductive reasoning or empiricism

10

Rene Descartes

Deductive reasoning, truth through logic

11

Thomas Hobbes

Leviathan, saw humans self centered and prone to violence, feared anarchy more than tyranny

12

John Locke

Second treatise of government, viewed humans as rational, natural right, governed have right to rebel against ruler

13

Voltaire

French philosophe, enlightened principles of reason and tolerance, criticized organized religion

14

Rousseau

Emile, social contract between people and government, general will, rejected rationalism, stressed emotional values

15

Adam smith

Laissez faire economy, wealth of nations, opposed mercantilism

16

Mary Wollstonecraft

Women are not natural inferior to men

17

Edmund Burke

Reflections of the revolutions in France, denounced violence of French Revolution, gradual change of revolution

18

John Stuart mill

Utilitarian, on liberty, the subjection of women, universal suffrage

19

Karl Marx

Communist manifesto, scientific socialist, class conflict best understood though by process of thesis, antithesis, and synthesis, dictatorship of the proletariat

20

Sigmund Freud

Human are rational, id everything is driven by subconscious desire

21

Albert Einstein

Theroy of relativity, undermined Newtonian physics, universe of uncertainty

22

Nietzsche

Existentialist, middle class morality lead to shallow existence, reject reason for the irrational

23

Albert Camus and John Paul Sartre

Question reason and science, god and reason are mythes,