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Flashcards in Constitutionalism Deck (26):
0

Aristocrats nobles and church officials. Remained loyal to king

Cavaliers

1

Puritans towns people middle class business men

Roundheads

2

Roundheads favored a parliamentary monarch governed by

Presbyters or elders

3

Led Roundheads to defeat cavaliers

Oliver Cromwell

4

Army of zealous Protestants

New model army

5

Charles I executed on_____ by _________

January 1649
Cromwell and his supporters

6

Abolished monarchy and house if lords

The commonwealth

7

Took title "lord protector"

Cromwell

8

Barred Dutch ships from carrying goods between other countries and England

Navigation acts

9

Advocated a more egalitarian society with nearly universal manhood suffrage, written constitution guaranteeing equal rights

Levelers

10

Restored monarchy the Church of England and parliament

The restoration under Charles II

11

Deeply suspicious of Catholics excluded James from throne

The Whigs

12

Felt a strong loyalty to monarchy and supported James I to throne

Tories

13

First political parties in English speaking world

Whigs and Tories

14

James first daughter Mary marries

William house if orange

15

Parliament required William and Mary I accept

Bill of rights

16

English rejected theory of

Divine right king

17

The glorious revolution placed clear limitations of

The power of the English monarchy

18

Leviathan, published in 1651

Thomas Hobbes

19

Hobbes states humans are naturally

Self centered and prone to evil

20

Hobbes supported _________ rulers

Absolute

21

Thomas Hobbes "without government life would be

Intolerable and civilization impossible

22

Published second treatise of government

John Locke

23

Locke viewed humans as

Creatures of goodwill and reason

24

Locke formulated the theory of

Natural law

25

"Natural law" states

Life liberty property