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Flashcards in Industry, Mass Politics And Culture Deck (40):
0

Increased steel Production while reducing costs in 1900

The Bessemer process

1

Replace coal and steam in the early 1900s

Electricity oil and gasoline

2

New form of communication in 1876

The telephone

3

Britain's new industrial rivals in the 1870s

Germany and the United States

4

Reasons for population growth in the early 1900s

Falling death rates and improve agricultural and industrial production

5

Demanded that French women be given the same rights as French men in the late 18th century

Olympia de Gouges

6

Argued that inequalities were a relic from the past and "a hinders cue to human development" in the mid 19th century

John Stuart mill

7

Criticized conventional marriage roles, wrote doll house in 1879

Henrick Ibsen

8

Name for an ideal middle class woman

The angel in the house

9

Most important role of "the angel in the house"

To be the families moral guardian

10

What countries in Europe allowed women to vote in 1900

None

11

The new woman of the 1900s

Supported herself and enjoyed sports

12

Universal male suffrage led to the creation of many

Political parties

13

The Paris commune 1871

People of Paris reject new conservative government and a group of radicals know as commune revolt

14

Effects of Paris commune

Government crushes commune, leads to class hatred

15

The Dreyfus affair

Alfred Dreyfus is wrongly accused of selling military secrets to Germans and is imprisoned on devils island

16

Consequences of Dreyfus affair

Revealed wide spread anti semitism. Deepened political divisions

17

Following the act of union in 1801 Ireland was united with

Great Britain

18

In the early1800s Ireland was governed by

British Parliament

19

Irish home rule Bill in 1914

Granted I went own parliament

20

Franchise act of 1884

Extended voting rights to rural male labors

21

First European country to develop a social welfare plan

Germany under otto von Bismarck

22

Attempted to expand Bismarck's social reforms in 1890

William the second

23

Last European states to eliminate legal discrimination against Jews

Russia

24

Causes for Russian political movement in the early 20th century

Russia's rapid industrialization

25

Social Democrats split into which two groups

The Mensheviks and the Bolsheviks

26

Mensheviks

Favored gradual socialistic reform

27

Bolsheviks

Led by Vladimir Lenin, advocated a communist revolution spearheaded by small elite of professional revolutionaries

28

Causes of the Revolution of 1905

Russia's loss in the Russo Japanese war, Bloody Sunday

29

Bloody Sunday massacre

Cossacks open fire on a peaceful crowd of workers outside the winter palace in St. Petersburg

30

Louis pasture

Conducted experiments supported germ theory of disease, Discovers heart can destroy many harmful bacteria

31

Robert Koch

Identifies bacteria responsible for specific diseases

32

Joseph Lister

Promotes idea of sterile surgery

33

Impact of the bacterial revolution

Dramatic decline in European death rate

34

Charles Darwin was informed by who about a constant struggle for existence

Thomas Malthus

35

Herbert Spencer

Applied Darwin's theories to human society

36

Herbert Spencer's social Darwinism

Other companies thrive when inefficient ones go bankrupt

37

Impressionism

Captured a moment of time, depicted leisure activities of the bourgeoisie

38

Cubism

Presented multiple views of the same objects

39

Key cubism artist

Picasso