Amino acid derivatives (5 star topic) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Amino acid derivatives (5 star topic) Deck (9)
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1

What is a derivative of Phenylalanine?

Tyrosine --> Dopa --> Dopamine -->NE-->E

Phenylalanine hydroxylase + BH4
Tyrosine hydroxylase + BH4
DOPA decarboxylase
VitC
Phenylethanolamine-N-methyltransferase + SAM

2

derivative of Tyrosine

Thyroxine

3

Derivative from DOPA

Melanin

via tyrosinase

4

Tryptophan

---B6 ---> Niacin

--BH4, B6--->Serotonin ---> melatonin (pineal gland)

5

Histidine

---B6--> Histamine

6

Glutamate

--B6---> GABA

--> Glutathione

7

Arginine

---> Creatine (helps make ATP)
----> Urea
---BH4----> Nitric oxide (smooth muscle dilator)

8

Glycine

---B6---> porphyrin --> HEME

9

Methionine

S-adenosyl-methionine