Congenital cardiac defect associations Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Congenital cardiac defect associations Deck (9)
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1

Alcohol exposure in utero

Fetal alcohol syndrome

VSD, PDA, ASD, tetralogy of fallot

2

Congenital Rubella

PDA, septal defects, pulmonary artery stenosis

3

Down syndrome

Endocardinal cushion defect
- can create an abnormal defect in all 4 chambers of the heart

-AV septal defect
-ASD
-VSD

4

Infant of diabetic mother

transposition of great vessels

5

Marfan syndrome

- MVP
- Aortic regurgitation
- Thoracic aortic aneurysm and dissection
- cystic medial degeneration of aorta which predisposes for aortic dissection .

6

Prenatal lithium exposure

Ebstein anomaly

7

Turner syndrome

Bicuspid aorta, coarctation of aorta (infantile)

Note: there is an increase risk of infective endocarditis with a bicuspid aorta

8

Williams syndrome

Supravalvular aortic stenosis

(deletion of ELN gene-- encodes for elastin -- elf-like features)

9

22q11

DiGeorge syndrome

Trucus Arteriosis, tetralogy of Fallot