Anatomy: Female Reproductive System and Breast Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Anatomy: Female Reproductive System and Breast Deck (42)
1

Which parts of the female reproductive system lie in the pelvic cavity?

Ovaries
Uterine tubes
Uterus
Superior part of the vagina

2

What parts of the female reproductive system lie in the perineum

inferior part of vagina
perineal muscles
bartholin's gland's
clitoris
labia

3

Where is the perineum

inferior to the levator ani

4

Name the two pouches formed by the inferior part of the parietal peritoneum in the female

Vesico uterine pouch
Recto uterine pouch (pouch of douglas)

5

What is the clinical significance of the pouch of douglas

most inferior part of the peritoneal cavity- where fluid will collect

6

How can fluid be drained from the pouch of douglas

Via an needle passed through the posterior fornix of the vagina

7

what is the broad ligament of the uterus

a double layer of peritoneum

8

Where does the broad ligament of the uterus attach

extends between the uterus and the lateral walls & floor of the pelvis

9

What is the function of the broad ligament

helps maintain the uterus in its correct midline position
contains within it the uterine tubes and (the proximal part of) the round ligament

10

What is the round ligament

an embryological remnant

11

what are the three layers of the body of the uterus

perimetrium
myometrium
endometrium

12

Which layer of the uterus sheds during menstruation

endometrium

13

Where does implantation of the zygote occur?

body of the uterus

14

What is the name of the pregnancy that occurs elsewhere

ectopic pregnancy

15

What are the three layers that support the uterus/

strong ligaments - uterosacral ligament
endopelvic fascia
muscles of the pelvic floor (levator ani)

16

what can happen if there is weakness in the structures that support the uterus

uterine prolapse (movement of uterus inferiorly)

17

What is the most common position of the uterus

anteverted and anteflexed

18

What is meant by anteverted

uterus tipped anteriorly relative to the axis of the vagina

19

what is meant by anteflexed

uterus tipped anteriorly relative to the axis of the cervix (the mass of the uterus lies over the bladder)

20

What is a normal variation of the position of the uterus

retroverted and retroflexed

21

What is meant by retroverted?

uterus tipped posteriorly relative to the axis of the vagina

22

What is meant by anteflexed?

uterus tipped posteriorly relative to the axis of the cervix

23

What part is sampled in a cervical smear?

the squamo columnar junction

24

What is the name of the device used to hold the walls of the vagina apart

speculum

25

Where does fertilisation occur

ampulla

26

What hormones do the ovaries secrete in response to FSH and LH

oestrogen and progesterone

27

At what position can the ischial spines be palated on digital examination of the vagina

4 and 8 oclock

28

What may be palpated on digital vaginal exam

ischial spines
position of the uterus
adnexae

29

what type of muscle is the levator ani

skeletal muscles

30

What nerve supplies the levator ani

the nerve to the levator ani made of S3,4 and 4

31

what supplies the perineal muscles

the pudendal nerve

32

what is the perineal body

a bundle of collagenous and elastic tissue into which the perineal muscles attach
located just deep to the skin

33

What is the function of bartholians gland

to secrete mucus to lubricated the vagina

34

Where is the female breast typically situated

from ribs 2 to 6
on deep fascia covering pec major and serratus anterior

35

what is the name of the space between fascia and breat

retromamary space

36

what attaches the breast to the skin

suspensory ligaments

37

what are the four quadrants used to describe the female breast

upper outer
upper inner
lower outer
lower inner

38

where does most lymph from the breast drain

ipsilateral axillary lymph nodes then supraclavicular lymph nodes

39

where can lymph from the lower inner breast drain

abdominal lymph nodes

40

what is a level 1 axillary lymph node

inferior and lateral to pec minor

41

what is a level II axillary lymph node

deep to pec minor

42

what is a level III axillary lymph node

superior and medial to pec minor