A civilization that replaced the Minoans and were part of the trade network of the Late Bronze Age; often at war with others around them.
Main King of the Mycenaen Greeks who led the Greek army/navy against Troy in the Trojan War. Killed by his wife in his bathtub according to myth.
A Neolithic people that started around 3000BC, supposedly the earliest people on the island of Crete. They were excellent sailors & traded w/ Egypt & the Fertile Crescent. Were most likely conquered by mainland Greece.
A family unit that places the mother in the role of leadership.
The father rules the family; power is passed to the oldest male child.
Ancient Myth that discusses Ancient Athens as well as the labyrinths that have turned out to be a part of ancient Minoan society.
Legend of the Minotaur
The name of the multi-storied palace located on the island of Crete.
Palace of Knossos
Linear A was written symbols that stood for syllables rather than words, ideas, vowels, or consonants. It is clear that Cretan administrators used the script to keep detailed records of economic and commercial matters. Unfortunately, we can't read it!
A partially-deciphered language of Mycenaeans (also found on Crete). Much more is translated than that of Linear A.
Underground Plumbing, mosaics and a lot of artistic representation, manufacture of luxury items, mathematical innovation, etc.
Innovations of the Minoans
Not likely to be a snake goddess, there are a lot of interpretations of her meaning in Minoan society.
Minoan "Snake Goddess"
Period in Greek history from 1150-750 BC. New intruders came to the land, neglected older palaces, etc. Decline of Mycenaeans. Most of what we know about this period comes from Homer's Odyssey and Iliad, since there was no new literature and little trade.
Greek Dark Ages
With 400+ founded colonies, the Greeks facilitated trade among the Mediterranean region and its inhabitants, spreading the greek language and its cultural traditions and also stimulating development of surrounding areas.
A democratic Greek polis who accomplished many cultural achievements, and who were constantly at war with Sparta. Had the best navy in Greece.
A powerful Greek miliary polis that was often at war with Athens. Used slaves known as helots to provide agricultural labor.
A major Greek city, with ports on both the Aegean and Adriatic seas. Site of Temple to Aphrodite as well as many banks and financial institutions.
A city-state in ancient Greece.
Public square. first it was a meeting place for warriors, but evolved into market place, courts, and public buildings. (Agoraphobia is the fear of public or open places, FYI!)
A fortified hilltop in an ancient Greek city.
(470-399 BCE) An Athenian philosopher who thought that human beings could lead honest lives and that honor was far more important than wealth, fame, or other superficial attributes.
A way of teaching by asking pointed questions to force his pupils to use their reson and to see things for themselves.
427-347 BC; Socrates' most famous student; described the ideal form of government in his famous book, The Republic.
(384-322 BCE) Believed, unlike his teacher Plato, that philosophers could rely on their senses to provide accurate information about the world. Also, taught Alexander the Great.
Founder of Medicine During the Golden Age in Greece he was a scientist that believed all diseases came from natural causes. He also had high ideals for physicians & an oath was made that is still used today.
Greek anatomist whose theories formed the basis of European medicine until the Renaissance (circa 130-200).
An ancient Greek festival in honor of the god Zeus, which took place every four years and featured competitions in athletics and poetry.
Olives, Olive Oil, Grapes, Wine
Major Greek Exports
A system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state.
A prominent and influential statesman of ancient Athens (ca. 495-429 B.C.E.), he presided over Athens's Golden Age.
478-477, 150 Cities, Athens at the center, Comes together to protect Greece from Persia. Eventually becomes an Athenian trading league that was resented by non-member and member city-states.
5th century B.C.E wars between the Persian empire and Greek city-states; Greek victories allowed Greek civilization to define identity.
100 miles from Athens; it is where the Greek soldiers held off the Persian army for 3 days then the Persians killed every soldier guarding the pass and then marched on to Athens where they set it on fire.
naval battle where the Greek forces defeated the Persians, shortly after the battle at Thermopylae.
(c. 519-465 BC) King of Persia; his armies invaded Greece but were eventually defeated by the Greeks.
(558?BCE - 486BCE) King of Persia who expanded his empire to extend from the Mediterranean to the Indus River. He invaded Greece at the battle of Marathon and lost.
a battle in 490 BC in which the Athenians and their allies defeated the Persians.
A Greek military leader who convinced the Athenians to build a navy. This helped Athens win a major battle against Persia, the Battle of Salamis. He was ostracized around 471 BCE.
Athenian citizens could vote to banish a public figure whom they saw as a threat to their democracy.
king of Sparta and hero of the battle of Thermopylae where he was killed by the Persians (died in 480 BC)
Athenian reformer of the 6th century; established laws that eased the burden of debt on farmers, forbade enslavement for debt, and more. This was seen as a step toward democracy.
Introduces direct democracy, balances focus of rich and poor in Athens.
Tyrant of ancient Greece who put in a harsh law code, but it erased the old blood feud and family spat laws that were in place before.
consisted of two kings who controlled (one king dealt with the military while the other took care of matters at home), a Council of Elders, and an assembly.
Ultimately a democracy. Included the Assembly and Council of 500.
Long and devastating war, Sparta leads other city-states against Athens and its Delian League. Sparta defeats the Athenian Navy.
A disease that contributed to the turning point in the Peloponnesian War; brought Athens to defeat and weakened Pericles.
a famous speech made by Pericles during a public funeral to honor those who died in battle. Reminded them the power of democracy and gave them courage to keep fighting.
Considered one of the hallmarks of Western Civilization. Tragedy and Comedy, blend of myth, legend, philosophy, poetry, dance, music.
What was valued above all else in Classical Greek Art?
Person representing the god Apollo; received cryptic messages from the god that had predictive value if the seeker could correctly interpret the communication.
Oracle of Delphi
(in ancient Greece and Rome) a convivial meeting, usually following a dinner, for drinking and intellectual conversation.
father of history recorded facts over his life - but was not really opposed to inserting his own biases.
to write his histories, he researched his topics and visited actual locations. Famous for his historical account of the Peloponnesian Wars.
Greek historian; student of Socrates; anecdotal use of history but wrote extensively about the Spartan life and upbringing.
A Greek philosopher and mathematician, this man was credited with the discovery that numbers are useful for more than counting physical things.
(born ca. 612 B.C.E.) One of the great poets of the ancient Greeks; her poetry developed the complexities of the inner workings of human beings and love.
Philosopher-tutors in Athens who opened schools for boys to study government, mathematics, ethics, and rhetoric.
Mycanena Tholos Tombs