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Flashcards in Napoleon - Sheet1 Deck (27):
1

short man who was born in 1769 on the island of Corsica; became one of history's great military leaders

Napoleon Bonaparte

2

Mediterranean island on which Napoleon Bonaparte was born

Corsica

3

at the age of 16, Napoleon Bonaparte finished school and became a lieutenant in the_________

Artillery

4

Napoleon Bonaparte led an expedition here to protect French trade interests and to disrupt British trade with India; his army was pinned down

Egypt

5

this had lost control of the political situation and it also lost the confidence of the French people by 1799

Directory

6

French phrase meaning "blow to the state", refers to Napoleon Bonaparte's sudden seizure of power

Coup d'Etat

7

comprehensive system of laws made by Napoleon Bonaparte; gave France a uniform set of laws and eliminated many injustices

Napoleonic Code

8

Napoleon Bonaparte appointed himself to this position with the support of French voters; this signaled that he was more powerful than the Church because he took the Pope's crown

Emperor

9

Napoleon Bonaparte sold this land to the United States for 15 million dollars in 1803; he gained money to finance operations in Europe

Louisiana Territory

10

the only major battle that Napoleon Bonaparte lost in his drive for a European empire; it was a naval defeat that was more important than any of Napoleon Bonaparte's land victories

Battle of Trafalgar

11

site of the only major battle that Napoleon Bonaparte lost in his drive for a European empire

Trafalgar

12

British naval commander who defeated Napoleon Bonaparte in the Battle of Trafalgar; as brilliant in warfare at sea as Napoleon Bonaparte was in warfare on land

Horatio Nelson

13

a forcible closing of posts that Napoleon Bonaparte set up in November 1806 to prevent trade and communication between Great Britain and other European nations

Blockade

14

policy of setting up blockades; so named because it was supposed to make continental Europe more self-sufficient

Continental System

15

war that started when the United States declared war on Britain because of Britain's enforcement of the blockade; lasted for two years

War of 1812

16

to get Portugal to accept the continental system, Napoleon Bonaparte invaded this country

Spain

17

brother of Napoleon Bonaparte whom he named to the Spanish throne; this angered the Spanish people

Joseph

18

war in which the Spanish guerrilla struck at French armies in Spain; Napoleon Bonaparte lost about 300,000 men

Peninsular War

19

this country refused to stop selling grain to Britain; Napoleon Bonaparte decided to invade it

Russia

20

Russian policy that involved burning grain fields and slaughtering livestock so as to leave nothing for the enemy to eat

Scorched-Earth Policy

21

when Napoleon Bonaparte moved on this Russian city, it was already in flames

Moscow

22

German city outside of which Napoleon faced the allied armies of the European powers; they defeated him

Leipzig

23

a tiny island off the Italian coast to which Napoleon Bonaparte was banished

Elba

24

Napoleon Bonaparte attacked this Belgium village in 1815; after being defeated by the British and the Prussians, Napoleon Bonaparte made no more bids for power

Waterloo

25

he led the British army at Waterloo

Duke of Wellington

26

Napoleon Bonaparte's final bid for power; ended with his defeat at Waterloo

Hundred Days

27

remote island in the South Atlantic; Napoleon spent his final six years there writing his memoirs

St. Helena