Antibiotics Flashcards Preview

Anatomy > Antibiotics > Flashcards

Flashcards in Antibiotics Deck (11):
1

Amoxicillin

  • Oral 
  • Use against: Strep sp, enterococcus, Gram negatives (Haemophilus, E. Coli, Pasteruella)
  • Empirical use: Non-CNS infections (otitis media, sinusitis, pneumonia

2

Amoxicillin + Clavulonic Acid 

  • Beta lactam - Penecillin + Beta lactamase inhibitor 
  • Oral
  • Use Against: Same as Amoxicillin + Anaerobes + Non MRSA staph
  • Emprical Use: Same as Amoxicillin + dog/cat bites

3

Ceftriaxone

  • Beta lactam cephalosporin
  • IV or Intramuscular
  • Use Against: Gram (-) rods, streptococci
  • does NOT cover MRSA, pseudomonas
  • Empirical Use: CNS infection
  • can use with vancomycin if need coverage for resistant G+ bacteria

4

Azithromycin

  • Macrolide
  • Oral or IV
  • Use against: Mycoplasma, Chalmydia, Pertussis, many respiratory bacteria
  • Empirical use: useful if have penicillin allergy 

5

Clindamycin 

  • Oral or IV
  • Use Against: G+ bacteria, MRSA anaerobe s
  • Empriical Use: Oral/Dental Infections

6

Vancomycin

  • IV (oral ONLY for c. diff)
  • Use against: Most G+ bacteria 
  • Empirical Use: severe infections

7

Metronidazole

  • Oral/IV
  • Use Against: Anaerobes
  • Empirical Use: gut anaerobes, C. diff

 

8

Trimethoprim/Sulfamethoxazole

  • Oral/ IV
  • Use: G- and G+ bacteria 
  • Emprical Use: Ear infections, UTI, Staph skin infection, Pneumocystis prophalyxis

9

Gentamicin

  • IV
  • Use: G- bacteria
  • Empirical Use: Broad spectrum against G- 

10

Levofloxacin

  • Oral/IV
  • Uses: G+ and G- bacteria
  • Empirical: sinupulmonary infections, UTI, skin infections

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