Archaelogy Flashcards Preview

Junior Cert History - > Archaelogy > Flashcards

Flashcards in Archaelogy Deck (28):
0

What is history

The study of the past

1

What is archaeology

The study if remains

2

What does the term prehistory mean

A time before history was recorded and writing wasn't used

3

What is a source

Evidence used by historians

4

What is a primary source

Evidence straight from the past

5

What is secondary source

Evidence from a later date

6

What is the time and place rule

To look at how close the source was to the time and place

7

What is cross checking

Look at as many sources as possible

8

What does it mean to be bias

When you favour one side of the story over the other

9

What is propaganda

A way of presenting information to influence people

10

How many year in a century

100

11

How May year sin a millennium

1000

12

What is a census

An official count or survey especially of a population

13

What tools does an archaeologist use to excavate a site

Trowel- used to scrape away earth
Jcb - used to take off the top soil
Brush - used to take dust and dirt of artefacts
Hand pick - used to loosen soil

14

What is an artefact

Objects made by humans

15

What is research archaeology

Sites chosen because it is believed something is there

16

What is rescue archaeology

Check a site before a new building or road is built.

17

What is a survey that an archaeologist would take

A study carried out on a site before excavating

18

What does excavate mean

A term archaeologist use to dig

19

What is carbon dating

A scientific method used to find the age of an object that one was alive

20

What is stratigraphy

Objects dated by how deep the were found in the ground

21

What is dendrochronology

The number of rings in wood tells the age of the wood

22

How are sites choosen

Some sites are chosen because there is a reason something is to be found this is called research archaeology some sites are chosen because a new road or building is going to be built there this is called rescue archaeology. Some sites are chosen by accident.

23

Why are Aries photos taken before an archaeologist can dig

To show the size of the site and show features that may have been missed on ground

24

What is one of the biggest problems an archaeologist must face

To date artefacts that they have found

25

Where are artefact taken after been discovered

A photo is taken and then they are sent to a museum or a university

26

Wha are some examples of primary sources

Interviews
Letters
Emails
Diaries
Speeches
Autobiography

27

What are some examples of secondary sources

Biography
Movie
Internet
History books