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Flashcards in Renaissance Deck (23):
1

Who os a patron

A person who pays an artist to produce a work of art

2

What is Renaissance

A time when people began to take a new interest in the world of Ancient Greece and Rome

3

What is humanism

Humanism puts humans in the centre of everything

4

What is an icon p

A painting of a religious subject as an object if worship and prayer usually painted on wood

5

What is anatomy

The study of the human body

6

What is perspective

Adding depth into a picture

7

What is a canvas

Cloths from which sails are made. It makes a good surface for paintings when stretched out

8

What is fresco

A picture painted straight onto a wall or ceiling. The paint is applied to wet plaster

9

What is sfumato

A new technique using tiny brushes to blend areas into eachother

10

What where the influences/reasons the renaissance was in Florence Italy

It was the old Roman Empire
Influence off geek scholars
Influence of new ideas from Chinese and arbs
Wealthy Italian merchants
Independent city states

11

What did Leonardo da Vinci call his perfect man

The virtruvian man

12

Who invented printing

The Chinese but it was Johannes Gutenberg in Europe who invented a printing press which used moveable type. He produced his forst book in Europe which was the bible.

13

What language where most manuscripts in in the Middle Ages

Latin

14

What style of architecture replaced the gothic style during the renaissance

The renaissance style replaced the gothic style during the renaissance

15

What are some examples of gothic style

Spires
Pointed arches
Flying buttresses

16

What are examples of Renaissance architecture

Domes
Round arches
Pediments and columns

17

What the Canterbury tales

It was written by carver and was one of the first books written that wasn't the bible

18

What where the advantages of having a movable type writer

Books Became cheaper
New ideas spread more easily
Writers began to write. In the everyday language - vernacular

19

Give an example of a renaissance writer

William Shakespeare was a renaissance writer
He was born in England in Stratford-upon-Avon
He wrote Romeo and Juliet, Macbeth, hamlet and othello

20

A paragraphs about medicine in the renaissance

During Middle Ages people used herbal medicine. He most common cure for any illness was blood-letting. The Catholic Church banned cutting up dead bodies so nobody knew what the body actually looked like on the inside so the pictures of the human skeleton whee inaccurate.
Vesalius was a professor of anatomy who held public dissections. His book 'On the Fabric of the Human Body' had 270 drawing of the human body. William Harvey an English doctor, showed that the heart pumped blood around the ,body. He developed theories on the circulation of the blood

21

Astronomy paragraph

In the Middle Ages people believed that the earth was at the centre of the universe as the church supported this theory. Copernicus, a Polish priest, worked that the earth revolved around the sun
Galileo , born in Italy, believed the law of nature could be proved by calculation and experiment. He called one theory the law of bodies. This proved that solid objects fall at the same speed no matter the weight. Galileo designed and built a powerful telescope. He was the first person to study the skies. Galileo realised that Copernicus was right. His theories were banned by the church. He was forced to admit thathe was wrong or punished by the church

22

What was the importance of the renaissance

New skills and discoveries such as art techniques like sfumato and perspective, medicine study like anatomy and blood circulation and science theories to find out that the sun revolved around the sun.

Invention of printing made books more available and cheaper, they encouraged more people to read and write and ideas spread more equally.

Confidence grew because people began to think for themselves and challenge old ideas of geography and the human body

People questioned the church and caused the reformation

23

What is a pediment

Structure (picture sculpture thing) in architecture usually triangular that is supported by columns