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Flashcards in Middle Ages Deck (96):
0

What was a feudal system

How the land was owned and society was organised

1

What was a vassal

The kings followers were called his vassals

2

What was a peasant

A person who worked on the land

3

What was a serf

A person who belonged to The Lord and formed his land

4

What was a freeman

A peasant that paid rent and tax to The Lord but could travel as he pleased

5

What was a bailiff

He looked after the lords accounts and kept law and order on the estate

6

What was a manor

Village where they lived

7

What is fallow

A field with nothing growing

8

Where did serfs live

Serfs houses

9

Where did I The Lord live

Manor house

10

Where did the bailiff live

Bailiffs house

11

How did serfs pray or The Lord

By giving him one tenth if his crops called a tithe

12

What was an ale
House

Where they drank beer

13

How many rooms where in a serfs house and what were they used for

One for eating and sleeping

14

How did they build there houses

Wattle and daub

15

What was there farming system called

The open field system

16

What did serfs eat

Dark Bread cheese and pottage

17

What did serfs wear

They spun wool and the women wove flax

18

What was the most common punishment

The stocks

19

What happened to a their

Hand cut off

20

What happened to women who gossiped

The went in the ducking stool

21

What was a matte and bailey castle

First type of castles made from wood

22

What was the keep

The main building in the stone. Castle where they lived

23

What was battle ment

At the top of the kelp wheree soldiers stood and watched for enemy

24

Hwta was a turret

Strong towers along the walls

25

What were curtain walls

The outer walls of the castle

26

What was a portcullis

An iron grille that can drop and raise in front of the gate

27

What were the latrines

The toilets

28

What wa the forge q

Where the blacksmith worked

29

What was a catapult

To hurl huge boulders over the walls

30

What was a ballista q

Like a giant crossbow used to fire giant crossbows

31

What was a siege tower/ladder

We're used to try and climb the walls

32

What where the ramparts

Fan along the tips of the walks and where wide enough to walk on

33

What was the solar

The room which the lady of the castle used for work such as embroidery and it was the warmest room in the castle

34

Waht was a tapestry

Like a decorated carpet on the wall used to keep heat in

35

What was a trencher

Big slices of bread that food was served on

36

What was hawking

It was a pastime where birds hunted for prays

37

What was jousting

Mick battle between knights

38

What was a dowry

Money or good that a woman's family gave to the husband when they got marrie d

39

Wat was a page

A 7 yr old sent to a lord to learn to be a knight he also waited on the lady

40

Squire

A 14 yr old helps lord in battle

41

What was dubbing

The ceremony in which squire turns into a knight

42

What was a chivalry

A code of honour that said that a knight should be brave love god and protect women and children

43

What was a High street

The only street that had stones and it had all the shops on it

44

Waht was a toll

A tax that traders had to pay to get past the gates to sell goods

45

What was a Curfew

It means to cover the. Fire
It was the time when all the fires in the town had to go out

46

What was leprosy

A skin disease. That caused sores to break out all over the body

47

Where did people with leprosy have to go

They left the town to live in a Special place

48

What was the Black Death

Disease caused by black rat that killed 1/3 of European population

49

WhHere did the people who had have to go

Them and their families would be locked in there house for 5 days

50

What did Black Death do to people

It caused swellings on their neck armpits or groin

51

What was a charter

A legal document granted by the king that allowed people to run there own towns

52

What was a corporation

The citizens council

53

What where Guilds

An organisation that every crafters on had to belong to
Each craft had its own guild

54

What was an apprentice

The first part if becoming a craftsman
It was a 12 year oldest to a master craftsman to learn a trade
He would not get pay

55

What was a journeyman

After seven ayers if being an apprentice he gets ages and can travel around looking for work

56

What was a master

After a journey man made a masterpiece he became a master and had his own shop.

57

What where the three parts of a craftsman

1 apprentice
2 journeyman
3. Master

58

What was a parish

What the church was divided up into

59

What was a dioceses

A group of parishes which each had a bishop

60

What spwas a cathedral

Each dioceses' bishop built a big church called a cathedral

61

What does Romanesque mean

They where stone churches with round arches little windows and thick round columns and dark interiors

62

What does gothic mean

They where churches with stain glass windows flying buttresses stone statues and spires

63

Gnat are the features of a Romanesque church

Round arches
Dark interior
Thick round column s
Small windows (glass not stained)

64

What are the features of a gothic church

Spires
Pointed arches
Slim columns
Stained windows
Flying buttresses
Stone statues over door and windows

65

What was a In dormitory a medieval monastery

Where the monks slept

66

What was a cloister In a medieval monastery

Where the monks walked and prayed

67

What was a chapter house In a medieval monastery

Where the monks went to discus the business of the monastery and elect the abbot

68

What was an infirmary In a medieval monastery

Where the sick where nursed

69

Whi was the abbot

The ruler of the monastery

70

What was a Scriptorium In a medieval monastery

Where the manuscripts where copied

71

What was a guest house In a medieval monastery

Where the monks gave food to the poor people and travellers

72

Where did the monks eat there meals

The reflectory

73

Wher do the monks walk and pray

They cloisters

74

Where did the monks sleep

The dormitory

75

Where did the monks elect the abbot and discuss business

The chapter house

76

What was the matins

Morning prayer

77

What was the prime

Silent prayer

78

What was the vespers

Evening prayer

79

What was the compline

Night prayer

80

What was the function of a monastery

Used as inns and hospitals and where poor peolpe went for help
Boys and girls where educated in monastery's

81

What did the Normans introduce to ireland

Towns eg athlone and kells
New methods of farming eg open field system
Castles
New laws the replaced Brehan law
Monasteries churches and gothic style
English language

82

What was the matins

Morning prayer

83

What was the prime

Silent prayer

84

What was the vespers

Evening prayer

85

What was the compline

Night prayer

86

What was the function of a monastery

Used as inns and hospitals and where poor peolpe went for help
Boys and girls where educated in monastery's

87

Explain why woman would get married in a medieval period

So the husband could support her and she could get richer

88

Why where spices so sought after in medieval times

Because they believed they would cure sickness

89

What was the function if the guild

They paid for people's funerals and looked after sick members

90

What did a monk get his hair cut into

A tonsure

91

Whi replaced the abbot when he was away

The prior

92

Who looked after the travellers

The almoner

93

Who looked after he sick

The infirmaran

94

When did craftsmens workshops close

They closed after dinner on Saturday and could not open again until Monday at sunrise

95

How could a boy become a monk

When a boy joined a monastery he was called a novice. He had to learn the rules and see if they suited him. If the head of the monastery the abbot thought the novice would make a good monk he let him take his solemn vows