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Sports Psychology 1 > Athletic Injuries > Flashcards

Flashcards in Athletic Injuries Deck (37):
1

Give 3 reasons for the occurrence of injury in sport

-Competition
-High Speed/Confined Area
-Physical contact
-Illegal contact
-Psychological factors

2

Name the middle three sections of the Stress and Injury Model

Perception of threat (of situation)
Stress Response
Attention or Distraction

3

Name the top three sections of the Stress and Injury Model

Personality
History of Stressors
Coping Resources

4

What can be used to intervene in the Stress and Injury Model

PST's

5

What are 3 direct mechanisms of the stress and injury relationship

Increased muscle tension
Attentional Disruption
Narrowing of peripheral vision

6

What are the 5 stages of the grief model (in order)

Denial
Anger
Bargaining
Depression
Acceptance

7

Explain the categories of Responses Theory (recovery from injury)

1. Injury- relevant information processing
2. Emotional upheaval and reactive behaviour
3. Positive outlook and coping

8

What are some psychological responses to injury

Identity loss
Fear, anxiety, depression
Lack of confidence
Performance decrements

9

Give 4 signs of poor adjustment to injury

Anger or confusion
Obsession of when they can return to play
• Denial
• Coming back too soon
• Exaggerating accomplishments
• Dwelling on minor physical complaints
• Withdrawal
• Mood swings
• Loss of hope

10

What are the three phases in the phases of injury model

Injury
Rehabilitation
Return to Action

11

Describe the injury phase in the phases of injury model

Help the athlete deal with the emotional upheaval that accompanies the onset of injury

12

Describe the rehabilitation phase in the phases of injury model

Help athletes to sustain motivation and adherence to the rehab programme

13

Describe the return to action phase in the phases of injury model

Full recovery is not complete until the athlete can return to normal functioning

14

Give 3 positive sides of injury

 Personal growth
 Psychological based performance enhancement
 Physical and technical development
 Improve additional skills

15

Give 2 key PST skills to use in Rehab phase of injury recovery

Imagery
Self Talk
Relaxation Goal Setting

16

Compliance to injury rehab depends on what?

Personal and situational factors

17

Describe the theory of planned behaviour

Attitudes, subjective norms and perceived behavioural control lead to intentions which then lead to a behaviour

18

Define an intention

A concious plan to go and do something

19

Define an attitude

Evaluation of the behaviour, either good or bad

20

What are the three ways we can change attitudes

 Communication
 Education
 Modelling

21

Describe self-determination theory

They experience freedom and do what’s important to them.

22

Describe intrinsic motivation

Doing something for its own sake
Enjoyable
Autonomy

23

Describe extrinsic motivation

External reward
Compliance
Behaviour stops if reward is removed

24

What 3 needs to we have to be motivated

Autonomy
Competence
Relatedness

25

What are the 6 positions in the self-determination continuum

Amotivation
External regulation
Introjected regulation
Identified regulation
Integrated regulation
Intrinsic motivation

26

Describe amotivation

Athletes don’t care/don’t want to do a behaviour. Believe ability is low and lots of effort is required. Sense of helplessness. Don’t value rehab.

27

Describe external regulation

Reward and Punishment
Compliance with others
If they must, they will

28

Describe introjected regulation

Internal rewards and punishment
Avoid negative feelings e.g. guilt
Approval from others

29

Describe identified regulation

Personal importance/valued outcome

30

Describe integrated regulation

Synthesis with self
Doing a behaviour because they identify with it e.g. run as runner

31

Describe intrinsic motivation

Sense of accomplishment, enjoyment and satisfaction. Interest in performing the behaviours.

32

Describe social cognitive theory

Self efficacy leads to:
outcome expectations
goals/intentions
socio-cultural factors
which cause behaviour

33

What are the 3 types of outcome expectations (from social cognitive theory)

physical outcomes
social outcomes
self-evaluative outcomes

34

Describe self-efficacy

Situation specific self-confidence to perform a specific task / overcome specific barriers.

35

Give 3 antecedents of self-efficacy

Mastery experience
Vicarious experience
Verbal persuasion
Emotional arousal

36

What do 'at risk' athletes have in common (injury)

high trait anxiety
high life stress
low coping skills
low social support

37

How to help an 'at risk' athlete who is injured

build a rapport
educate them about the recovery process
Teach specific psychological coping skills
foster social support