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Flashcards in Psychological Skills Training Deck (21):

Define PST

The systematic and consistent practice of mental/psychological skills to try and enhance performance, increase enjoyment, or achieve greater self-satisfaction


What is the purpose of PST's

Adapted to enhance performance, wellbeing or satisfaction. There is evidence to show they increase participation and adherence also.


Define mental toughness

An athlete’s ability to focus, rebound from failure, cope with pressure, and persist in the face of adversity.


What are the 4 C's in the 4C Model (Not in w6 exam)



Describe Control as part of the 4C Model (Not in w6 exam)

Control is handling many things at once and remaining influential rather than controlled


Describe Commitment as part of the 4C Model (Not in w6 exam)

Commitment is being deeply involved with pursuing goals despite difficulties.


Describe Challenge as part of the 4C Model (Not in w6 exam)

Challenge is perceiving potential threats as opportunities for personal growth and thriving in constantly changing environments.


Describe Confidence as part of the 4C Model (Not in w6 exam)

Confidence is maintaining self-belief in spite of setbacks


What is superior performance intelligence

When an athlete uses the correct play/skill at the correct time consistently. They seem to have a higher understanding of the game than other athletes.


Why might someone neglect PST

-Lack of knowledge and comfort with teaching mental skills
- Misunderstandings about psychological skills (e.g. a belief that they can’t be learned)
-Lack of time
- Belief they're for problem or elite athletes


Give 3 differences of PST's which a successful and non-successful athlete may differ in

Successful athletes' may:
 They have higher confidence
 They have greater self-regulation of arousal
 They have better communication
 They have more positive thoughts and images
 They have more determination or commitment


Give 4 PST topics you can use

– Arousal regulation
– Imagery and mental preparation
– Confidence building
– Increased motivation and commitment (goal setting)
– Attention or concentration
– Self-talk
– Mental plans


State the 3 phases of PST

Educational phase
Acquisition phase
Practise phase


Describe the educational phase (PST)

Participants recognize how important it is to acquire PST and how the skills affect their performance


Describe the acquisition phase (PST)

Focus on strategies and techniques. Tailor training programs to meet individual needs (sport, personality, time etc)


Describe the practice phase (PST)

Progression from practices and simulations to actual competitions. Focuses on automating skills through overlearning, integrating psychological skills, and simulating the skills you want to apply to actual competitions.


Who else (other than athletes/coaches) may use PST

A physical educator might use relaxation training to teach a hyperactive child to calm down.
A physical therapist or athletic trainer might use goal setting to maintain motivation for an individual out with a serious, prolonged injury.
A fitness instructor might use positive self-statements to enhance self-esteem in a client who is overweight.


Define self-regulation

The ability to work toward one’s short, and long-term goals by effectively monitoring and managing one’s thoughts, feelings, and behaviours.


What are the 5 phases of athlete self-regulation

Problem Identification
Environmental Management


When should PST be implemented- to be most effective

In the off-season when there is more time. It should continue throughout an athlete’s participation.


Describe how to design a PST

1. Discuss your approach.
2. Assess the athlete’s mental skills.
3. Determine which psychological skills to include.
4. Design a PST schedule (using goal setting)
5. Evaluate the program