Flashcards in Psychological Skills Training Deck (21):
The systematic and consistent practice of mental/psychological skills to try and enhance performance, increase enjoyment, or achieve greater self-satisfaction
What is the purpose of PST's
Adapted to enhance performance, wellbeing or satisfaction. There is evidence to show they increase participation and adherence also.
Define mental toughness
An athlete’s ability to focus, rebound from failure, cope with pressure, and persist in the face of adversity.
What are the 4 C's in the 4C Model (Not in w6 exam)
Describe Control as part of the 4C Model (Not in w6 exam)
Control is handling many things at once and remaining influential rather than controlled
Describe Commitment as part of the 4C Model (Not in w6 exam)
Commitment is being deeply involved with pursuing goals despite difficulties.
Describe Challenge as part of the 4C Model (Not in w6 exam)
Challenge is perceiving potential threats as opportunities for personal growth and thriving in constantly changing environments.
Describe Confidence as part of the 4C Model (Not in w6 exam)
Confidence is maintaining self-belief in spite of setbacks
What is superior performance intelligence
When an athlete uses the correct play/skill at the correct time consistently. They seem to have a higher understanding of the game than other athletes.
Why might someone neglect PST
-Lack of knowledge and comfort with teaching mental skills
- Misunderstandings about psychological skills (e.g. a belief that they can’t be learned)
-Lack of time
- Belief they're for problem or elite athletes
Give 3 differences of PST's which a successful and non-successful athlete may differ in
Successful athletes' may:
They have higher confidence
They have greater self-regulation of arousal
They have better communication
They have more positive thoughts and images
They have more determination or commitment
Give 4 PST topics you can use
– Arousal regulation
– Imagery and mental preparation
– Confidence building
– Increased motivation and commitment (goal setting)
– Attention or concentration
– Mental plans
State the 3 phases of PST
Describe the educational phase (PST)
Participants recognize how important it is to acquire PST and how the skills affect their performance
Describe the acquisition phase (PST)
Focus on strategies and techniques. Tailor training programs to meet individual needs (sport, personality, time etc)
Describe the practice phase (PST)
Progression from practices and simulations to actual competitions. Focuses on automating skills through overlearning, integrating psychological skills, and simulating the skills you want to apply to actual competitions.
Who else (other than athletes/coaches) may use PST
A physical educator might use relaxation training to teach a hyperactive child to calm down.
A physical therapist or athletic trainer might use goal setting to maintain motivation for an individual out with a serious, prolonged injury.
A fitness instructor might use positive self-statements to enhance self-esteem in a client who is overweight.
The ability to work toward one’s short, and long-term goals by effectively monitoring and managing one’s thoughts, feelings, and behaviours.
What are the 5 phases of athlete self-regulation
When should PST be implemented- to be most effective
In the off-season when there is more time. It should continue throughout an athlete’s participation.