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Flashcards in Personality Deck (29):
1

Define personality

The individualised blend of characteristics that make a person unique

2

Give the three sub-units forming personality (Hollander)

Psychological Core
Typical Response
Role-Related Behaviour

3

Describe the psychological core (Hollander)

The deepest attitudes, values, interests, motives and self-worth of the person

4

Describe the typical response (Hollander)

The way one normally adjusts or responds to the environment

5

Describe role related behaviours (Hollander)

How one acts in a particular social situation. This is the most changeable as the changes are relevant to the environment

6

Name the 5 approaches to personality

• Psychodynamic approach
• Trait approach
• Situational approach
• Interactional approach
• Phenomenological approach

7

Describe briefly the psychodynamic approach

Behaviour is determined by several unconscious, constantly changing factors:
Instinctive drives, Superego and Ego.
The emphasis is placed on understanding the person as a whole, compared to isolated traits.

8

Give a disadvantage of the psychodynamic approach

There is little consideration for the environment. Not all behaviours are under conscious control.

9

Describe briefly the trait approach

People are born with specific characteristics or traits which determine how they behave. Traits are innate and enduring, and predispose them to act in a certain way.

10

Which test did Cattell invent which is used to measure intrinsic traits

16PF

11

Give the 5 sections of the Big 5 Model

1. Neuroticism/ Stability
2. Extroversion/ Introversion
3. Openness to Experience
4. Agreeableness
5. Conscientiousness

12

Which two of the Big 5 Model positively correlate with physical activity levels in the general population

Extroversion and Conscientiousness

13

Define perfectionism

Multidimensional construct consisting of various components such as setting high standards, concern over mistakes and organisation

14

What is the negative type of perfectionism

Maladaptive

15

What is the positive type of perfectionism

Adaptive

16

Describe the situational approach

This suggests that all behaviours are triggered by interaction and experiences with the environment

17

What are the two things the situational approach utilises

Observational learning
Positive reinforcement

18

Describe briefly the interactional approach

The core of the personality predisposes them to behave in certain ways, and can be easily affected by the environment. It is a mixture of the trait and situation.

19

Describe briefly the phenomenological approach

Behaviour is determined by accounting for situational and personal characteristics.
It is a person’s understanding and interpretation of one’s self and environment which are critical.

20

State 3 methods you can use to measure personality

Trait sports confidence inventory
State sports confidence inventory
Situation specific measures
Sport specific measures

21

What is the purpose of the trait sports confidence inventory

Identifies how you typically feel

22

What is the purpose of the state sports confidence inventory

Identifies how you feel right now

23

What is the purpose of situation specific measures

They predict behaviour more reliably

24

Why are sport specific measures better than situational ones?

More reliable and valid measures of personality traits and states for athletes.

25

Give the three types of test under the sport specific category

-Sport competition anxiety test
-Competitive state anxiety inventory-2
-Trait/state confidence inventory

26

Who came up with the Mental Health Model?

Morgan

27

What does Morgan's mental health model show?

Athletes have ‘better’ qualities than the average population.
Specifically,
lower tension, depression, anger, fatigue and confusion. They have significantly higher vigour.

28

What is the purpose of the Athletes Coping Skills Inventory

Gives an overall score of an athlete's psychological skills

29

Give 3 examples of athletes psychological skills (ACSI)

-Coping with adversity
-Peaking under pressure
-Goal setting
-Concentration
-Freedom from worry
-Confidence
-Coachability