Burnout and Overtraining Flashcards Preview

Sports Psychology 1 > Burnout and Overtraining > Flashcards

Flashcards in Burnout and Overtraining Deck (20):
1

Define overtraining

A syndrome that results when excessive, usually physical, overload on an athlete occurs without adequate rest

2

Give 3 consequences of overtraining

• Performance decrements
• Inability to train
• Staleness
• Burnout

3

Describe staleness

a negative outcome of overtraining, where you fail to adapt to the prescribed training regime. This results in a loss of performance.

4

Give 3 common features of burnout

• Result of chronic stress
• Occurs at an individual level
• Exhaustion
• Reduced sense of accomplishment
• Negative change in response to others
• Performance decrease

5

Give 3 physical symptoms of staleness

Lack of energy
Stomach upsets
Occasional headaches
Low appetite
Sleep disturbance
Minor body aches

6

Give 3 physical symptoms of burnout

Physically exhausted
Ulcers
Frequent headaches
Eating disorders
Sleep disturbance
Chronic pain

7

Give 3 psychological symptoms of staleness

Occasional boredom
Mild anxiety
Low motivation
Negative to others
Low self-esteem
Mood changes
Lethargy

8

Give 3 psychological symptoms of burnout

Constant boredom
Severe anxiety
No motivation
Negative/hostile to others
Depression
Mood changes
Total lack of caring

9

Give 3 causes of burnout

1. Organisational concerns
2. Psychological concerns
3. Physical concerns
4. Social and interpersonal concerns

10

Describe the overtraining process

Overload-overtraining- overreach- good/no change/bad

11

How can social support affect the stress experience

Lead to a reduction as some find it helpful to have people pushing them to achieve.
Others may see it as a negative additional pressure.

12

Describe the cognitive-affective model

personality and motivational factors influence:
situational demands
cognitive appraisal
physiological responses
behavioural responses

13

describe the negative stress training model

Physical training stresses the athlete physically and psychologically and can have positive and negative effects. Positive adaptation (normal overload) is desirable. Negative adaptation can lead to overtraining, staleness, and burnout.

14

Describe the sport commitment model

if the three determinants of an athletes commitment to sport are maladaptive, then it leads to burnout:
1. Satisfaction based on rewards and costs associated with sport.
2. Attractiveness of alternative options.
3. Resources athletes have invested in sport

15

Describe entrapment theory

Athletes who are prone to burnout feel trapped by sporting commitment.

16

Which inventory measures burnout

Maslach Burnout Inventory

17

What does the maslach burnout inventory measure specifically?

-emotional exhaustion
-Depersonalisation
-Low sense of personal accomplisment

18

Who else other than the athletes can suffer from burnout

Coaches, officials and umpires

19

Give 3 factors which affect a coaches risk of burnout

Gender
Age
Experience
Coaching Style
Social Support
Feelings of entrapment

20

How to prevent burnout

-Monitor levels of stress etc
-Communicate
-Set short term goals
-take relaxation breaks
-Learn self-regulation skills
-Keep a positive outlook