Flashcards in Goal Setting Deck (19):
Why do we need motivation
To practice skills regularly to improve performance
What are the 5 types of goals
Describe subjective goals
General statements of intent such as having fun or doing your best
Describe objective goals
Attaining a specific standard of proficiency on a task, usually in a specified time
Describe Outcome goals
Focus on a competitive result of an event (e.g. beating someone).
Offers short term motivation, but can lead to anxiety
Describe performance goals
Focus on achieving standards of performance or objectives independently of other competitors— usually making comparisons with one’s own previous performance
Describe process goals
Focus on the actions an individual must engage in during performance to execute or perform well
Give 3 major goal barriers for collegiate athletes
• Lack of time
• Academic pressure
• Social relationships
Give 3 major goal barriers for olympic athletes
• Lack of confidence
• Lack of goal feedback
• Too many goals or conflicting goals
• Lack of time
• Work commitments
• Family and personal relationships
Give 4 ways goal setting effectiveness can be increased
1. Set specific goals.
2. Set moderately difficult but realistic goals.
3. Set long- and short-term goals.
4. Set performance and process goals, as well as outcome goals.
5. Set practice and competition goals.
6. Record goals.
7. Develop goal achievement strategies (actions)
8. Consider participants’ personalities and motivations.
9. Foster an individual’s goal commitment.
10. Provide goal support.
11. Provide evaluation of and feedback about goals.
Give 3 common issues with goal setting
• Convincing students, athletes, and exercisers to set goals
• Failing to set specific goals
• Setting too many goals too soon
• Failing to adjust goals
• Failure to recognize individual differences
• Not providing goal follow-up and evaluation
Describe the indirect process view (GS)
Goals influence behaviour indirectly by affecting psychological factors such as confidence and anxiety
Describe the direct mechanist view (GS)
Goals influence behaviour by:
-directing attention to important elements of the skill
-Mobilising performer efforts
-Prolonging performance persistence
-Fostering the development of new learning strategies
What is the aim of setting a group goal
To focus the groups attention to specific points to improve on/work towards together
What is the difference between practice and competition goals?
Practice- process orientated
Competition- split between process and outcome
What are the three stages of the goal setting system
1. Preparation and planning
2. Education and acquisition
3. Implementation and evaluation
Describe the prep and planning stage of the goal setting system
-assess abilities and needs
-set goals in diverse areas
Describe the education and acquisition stage of the goal setting system
-focus on one goal at a time