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Flashcards in Goal Setting Deck (19):
1

Why do we need motivation

To practice skills regularly to improve performance

2

What are the 5 types of goals

Subjective
Objective
Outcome
Performance
Process

3

Describe subjective goals

General statements of intent such as having fun or doing your best

4

Describe objective goals

Attaining a specific standard of proficiency on a task, usually in a specified time

5

Describe Outcome goals

Focus on a competitive result of an event (e.g. beating someone).
Offers short term motivation, but can lead to anxiety

6

Describe performance goals

Focus on achieving standards of performance or objectives independently of other competitors— usually making comparisons with one’s own previous performance

7

Describe process goals

Focus on the actions an individual must engage in during performance to execute or perform well

8

Give 3 major goal barriers for collegiate athletes

• Lack of time
• Stress
• Fatigue
• Academic pressure
• Social relationships

9

Give 3 major goal barriers for olympic athletes

• Lack of confidence
• Lack of goal feedback
• Too many goals or conflicting goals
• Lack of time
• Work commitments
• Family and personal relationships

10

Give 4 ways goal setting effectiveness can be increased

1. Set specific goals.
2. Set moderately difficult but realistic goals.
3. Set long- and short-term goals.
4. Set performance and process goals, as well as outcome goals.
5. Set practice and competition goals.
6. Record goals.
7. Develop goal achievement strategies (actions)
8. Consider participants’ personalities and motivations.
9. Foster an individual’s goal commitment.
10. Provide goal support.
11. Provide evaluation of and feedback about goals.

11

Give 3 common issues with goal setting

• Convincing students, athletes, and exercisers to set goals
• Failing to set specific goals
• Setting too many goals too soon
• Failing to adjust goals
• Failure to recognize individual differences
• Not providing goal follow-up and evaluation

12

Describe the indirect process view (GS)

Goals influence behaviour indirectly by affecting psychological factors such as confidence and anxiety

13

Describe the direct mechanist view (GS)

Goals influence behaviour by:
-directing attention to important elements of the skill
-Mobilising performer efforts
-Prolonging performance persistence
-Fostering the development of new learning strategies

14

What is the aim of setting a group goal

To focus the groups attention to specific points to improve on/work towards together

15

What is the difference between practice and competition goals?

Practice- process orientated
Competition- split between process and outcome

16

What are the three stages of the goal setting system

1. Preparation and planning
2. Education and acquisition
3. Implementation and evaluation

17

Describe the prep and planning stage of the goal setting system

-assess abilities and needs
-set goals in diverse areas
-individualise goals

18

Describe the education and acquisition stage of the goal setting system

-schedule meetings
-focus on one goal at a time

19

Describe the implementation and evaluation stage of the goal setting system

-provide support and encouragement
-re-evaluate goals