Cohesion and Group Dynamics Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Cohesion and Group Dynamics Deck (21):

Define group

a collection of two or more people who interact to influence and be influenced by others.


Give some group characteristics

• Collective identity
• Shared purpose
• Structured communication
• Personal/task interdependence
• Interpersonal attraction


Where do roles evolve from

the group dynamics, or interactions among group members.


When can role conflict occur

no role clarity and acceptance or
the role occupant doesn’t have the sufficient ability, motivation, time or situational understanding needed.


What are the 5 stages of group development



What does the cyclical perspective of group dynamics suggest

The focus is on the terminal phase of the group’s existence. As the group develops, it psychologically prepares for its own breakup.


What does the pendular perspective of group dynamics suggest

Shifts occur in interpersonal relationships during the growth and development of groups, not in a linear way.


What are the pendular stages of group development

1. Orientation
2. Differentiation and conflict
3. Resolution and cohesion
4. Differentiation and conflict
5. Termination


Give 3 ways to build an effective team climate

• Social support
• Proximity
• Distinctiveness
• Fairness
• Similarity
• Team Building Exercises


What is Steiner's model of group productivity

Actual Productivity =
Potential Productivity – Co-ordination losses due to faulty processes


What does Steiner's model show

Teams with fewer interactions are less likely to suffer losses in productivity due to faulty group processes, compared to highly interactive sports.


What is the Ringlemann Effect

Individual performance decreases as the number of people in the group increases.


Describe social loafing

Individuals within a group experience a loss of motivation and don’t put forwards maximal effort.


What may cause social loafing

• Individuals own output cannot be evaluated
• Belief the task is not meaningful
• Comparison against group standards not available
• Other individuals in the group are strangers
• Lack of accountability as the performer is not clear about their role and its value within the team
• Performance not recognised/valued by the coach
• Perceived/actual low ability
• Lack of self-confidence


Give 3 strategies to reduce social loafing

1. Individual player stats e.g. goals scored as this means the player feels appreciated and evaluated
2. Make sure the individual understands the importance of their contribution
3. Set individual targets as this gives the player something specific to focus on
4. To ensure fitness levels are high so players don’t need to take a rest
5. Select team players who from past-experience are less likely to socially loaf
6. Punish social loafers
7. Organise socialising activities
8. Enhance the cohesiveness of the group


Define cohesion

The tendency of a group to stay together to achieve a common goal.


What are the two types of cohesion

Task and Social


Define task cohesion

The degree to which group members work together to achieve common goals and objectives


Define social cohesion

The interpersonal attractions among group members


Describe Carron's model of cohesion

Environmental factors effect personal and leadership factors. These then influence team factors which leads to cohesion. Cohesion then results in both group and individual outcomes


Give 3 strategies to promote team cohesion

 Creating a distinctive identity for the team e.g. name or kit
 Participative leadership style
 Good coach/team communication
 Select team players and drop non-cohesive players
 Set a code of conduct agreed by the team
 Build in time together e.g. by team building exercises
 Avoid too many team changes