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Flashcards in Attitudes Deck (27):
0

Attitude is:

A complex mix of feelings, beliefs and values that influences somebody to behave towards something or someone in a consistent way

1

An attitude is a view held by an individual towards an:

Attitude object

2

An attitude can become prejudice which is a :

Value or judgement about someone or something made before you have a full picture and is most likely based on incomplete, inaccurate or stereotypical view

3

Prejudices are forms of attitudes as they:

Influence the way someone may act towards another object/individual

4

Attitudes are:

Multi-dimensional
- made up of a combination of some knowledge, some feelings and some behavioural intentions

5

Bad attitude leads to behaviour that goes against social norms which are:

Rules, normally written about a person's behaviour, values, beliefs or attitudes

6

3 components in the attitude Triadic model:

Cognitive component- what we know and believe about the attitude object
Affective component- how we feel about the attitude object
Behavioural component - how we behave toward the attitude object

7

To get performers to behave in accordance with a set of general values we must ensure that:

They understand specific goals of a training session
They have a positive experience
Any negative attitudes or experiences from the behaviour are recognised and dealt with

8

How are attitudes formed:

Peer groups
Conditioning
Socialisation & social learning
Media
Familiarity

9

Good attitude is:

Socially acceptable - this allows individuals to become part of the group, to feel valued and accepted

- known as socialisation

10

Socialisation is the process by which:

We learn the values, norms and cultures or a particular society

11

To become an elite athlete you need to have a :

Good attitude

12

It is valuable for a coach to be able to measure their athletes attitude towards certain attitude objects so they can :

Modify the athletes attitude if they need to

13

2 ways to measure attitude:

Observations of behavioural signals e.g. Increased HR, change in body language, lack of eye contact
Questionnaires

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questionnaires often take the form of an attitude scale to prove an individuals attitude towards a range of objects - usually used a :

Likert scale - involves a number of statements to which respondents are asked to agree or disagree by choosing 1 of 5 options

15

5 Issues with attitude questionnaires and scales:

Some will give an answer they think is wanted

Not all respondents may understand the question

People may understand the Likert scale differently

Most attitude questionnaires are not specific to sport- result hard to interpret

Knowledge and understanding of the person analysing the answers could affect their interpretation

16

2 ways to change attitude:

Persuasive communication
Cognitive dissonance

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Persuasive communication:

Coach is able to persuade the performer to alter their attitude by discussion, argument or debate

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PC- persuader important factors are:

their status to the individual
Their popularity
Their credibility
Their social and cultural background

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PC- message being given must be:

Accurate
Stated with confidence and enthusiasm
Clearly
Logical
Factual

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PC- important factors for receiver must be:

Are they ready for the message?
How strong is current negative attitude?
Are they motivated to change?

21

Cognitive dissonance: individuals like to be consistent in what they do, feel and believe if they encounter something that goes against this they feel:

Uncontrollable and a lack of consistency

22

CD- this lack of consistency is uncomfortable and then individuals are:

Motivated to reduce the discomfort by changing their existing attitude or belief and acquiring new ones

23

CD- 3 components of attitude must be consistent with each other for a person to feel:

Comfortable

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CD- if an attitude of an individual is unhelpful then one of these components must be changed by cause on of the components to be inconsistent with the other this is known as:

Cognitive dissonance

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CD: By changing one of the 3 elements, there is no longer consistency within the triad-

Dissonance is created

26

CD- to reduce these feelings of inconsistency and imbalance, the individual becomes:

Motivated to alter what they believe, feel or do