Aggression Flashcards Preview

A2 PE > Aggression > Flashcards

Flashcards in Aggression Deck (30):
0

Aggression involves:

Arousal and anger and intention to harm outside the rules

1

Hostile aggression has the intent to harm with...

Arousal and anger

2

Instrumental aggression has the intent to harm with the goal...

To win

3

Causes of aggression are:

Physiological arousal
Underdeveloped moral reasoning

4

Theories of aggression:

Instinct theory
Frustration aggression theory
Social learning hypothesis
Aggressive cue hypothesis
Deindividuation

5

Instinct theory suggests that aggression is:

Innate and instinctive
Sport releases built-up aggression and the aggressive response is cathartic

6

Catharsis enables aggression to be released from the system and purges the person of:

Aggressive intent

7

Frustration aggression theory states that aggression is caused by:

Frustration as the sportsperson is being blocked in the achievement of a goal - causes a drive towards the source of frustration

8

Social learning theory suggests that aggression is:

Learned by observations of others' behaviour. Then imitation of this aggressive behaviour is reinforced by social acceptance of the behaviour

9

Aggressive cue hypothesis stats that frustration causes anger and arousal which creates a:

Readiness for aggression
The aggression can be initiated by an incident during the performance or game so that the aggression is a learned response

10

Deindividuation concerns the fact that sometimes people behave differently when by themselves and when in a...

Crowd

11

Responsibility for aggression:

Influential others
Performer themselves

12

Ways to control aggressive:

Punish aggressive play
Reinforce assertive play
Reduce levels of arousal
Avoid aggressive situations

13

Governing bodies are responsible for player codes of conduct. They will:

Use strong officials where appropriate
Alter rules
Implement punishment
Reward fair-play

14

Coaches and players should promote ethical and sporting behaviour they should:

Control aggressive behaviour using stress management strategies and relaxation techniques

Initiate self-control strategies

Channelled aggression

Coaches should remove aggressive players

Avoid 'win at all costs' attitude

15

Channelled aggression is another more positive type if aggression when a performer is able to divert aggression into a

Positive action

16

Hostile aggression is the intention to harm outside the rules of the game. Often an emotional response to another performer or situation. The sole purpose is

To harm

17

Assertive behaviour is the use of physical force that is within the rules and ethics of a sport and is therefore

Legitimate

18

Individuals actions for PAP

Peers discourage aggressive behaviour

19

Coach actions for PAP

Substitute aggressive players
Draw up player-conduct contact

20

Governing body actions for PAP

Code of conduct
Punish aggressive players, especially role models

21

Individuals actions for RAP

Praise others

22

Coach's action for RAP

Praise assertiveness in team talks
Show assertive role models

23

Governing body's actions for RAP

Fair play awards

24

Individuals actions for RLA

Use mental rehearsal and stress management techniques
Channel aggression
Be aware of aggressive cues

25

Coach's actions for RLA

Do not over arouse pre-match
Focus on process as well as outcome goals
Not 'win-at-all-costs' attitude
Understand each individual's aggression levels and cues

26

Governing body's actions for RLA

Educate referees to lower match temperature
Discuss with coaches
Coach education programmes

27

Individuals actions for AAS

Learn to walk away
Mark another player

28

Coach's actions for AAS

Move player to another role
Ask player to take on position of responsibility
Substitute the player
Change tactics

29

Governing body's actions for AAS

Stagger derby matches
Player at neutral grounds