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Flashcards in Leadership Deck (42):
0

Leadership is the...

Behavioural process influencing individuals and groups towards set goals

1

10 qualities of effective leaders are:

Good communication skills

Effective decision making

Enthusiasm

Knowledge of the activity

Empathy

Clear goals

Charisma

Motivation

Good organisational skills

Confidence

2

3 leadership theories:

Great Man theory

Social learning theory

Interactionist theory

3

Great man theory (TRAIT THEORY)

Suggests that leaders...

Inherit specific personality traits which enable them to be good leaders

4

Social learning theory suggests:

You learn to be a good leader from others

Explains that interaction with the environment has to happen to develop and produce good leaders and leadership

5

Interactionist theory combines both the

Great man theory and the social learning theory to explain that good leader is a combination of the traits that you are BORN with as well as you learning to develop on the environmental interaction to become a good leader

6

Leaders are appointed in 2 ways

Prescribed

Emergent

7

Prescribed leaders tend to be:

Chosen or selected by others of a high authority

Have best ideas and drive

8

Emergent leaders simply

Emerge from the group and take
Charge

Tend to keep the harmony of group

9

Prescribed leaders are thought to be good for..

Bringing in new ideas, but they can be somewhat disruptive to group harmony

10

Emerged leaders are thought to..

Maintain group harmony but struggle to bring fresh ideas to the table

11

4 factors that leadership depends on are:

Leader's qualities
The style of leadership that the leader adopts
The type of situation involved
The follower's qualities

12

3 main styles of leadership:

Autocratic style

Democratic style

Laissez-faire style

13

Not suggested that just one style is always used. A good leader should be able to:

Assess the situation and required outcome and tailor their leadership style and behaviour towards the group in the most appropriate way

14

Details of autocratic style :

Leader dictates actions
Little input from group in decision making
Not concerned with interpersonal relationships within group
Task-orientated
Group works hard when leader present

15

Autocratic best used when:

Task needs to be quickly completed
Complex or dangerous task
Big group size
Participants are older but less experienced
Males normally respond best

16

Details of democratic:

Leader encourages the group to discuss ideas and become involved in decision making process
Leader makes final decision
Oversees completion of task
More relaxed and informative
Group left = continue to work together

17

Democratic is best used when:

Younger or individual performers
Female performers
More elite performers
Smaller groups

18

Details of laissez-faire:

Leader leaves group to own devices
Allows group to make own decisions
Offering only a little bit of help/guidance
Passive/observing approach
Task may not be completed/longer to complete
Group could become frustrated with one another and give up easily

19

Laissez-faire best used when:

More experienced performers which have a good knowledge and understanding of task
Smaller groups

20

Fielder's contingency model suggests that:

Leaders should decide whether to be task or person orientated in their leadership style

21

(FCM) task orientated leaders focus on the

Performance of the team
Autocratic approach

22

(FCM) a person orientated leader develops

Interpersonal relationships
Keeps open lines of communication and maintains a positive social interaction
Democratic approach
(AKA RELATIONSHIP ORIENTATED)

23

(FCM) Leaders can change orientation depending on the situation as they need to adapt their style to meet the demands of

The situations

24

(FCM) favourable situations =

An ideal situation

25

The favourableness of a situation is based on:

The relationship between the leader and group

The leader's position of power and authority

The task structure

Resources available

26

(FCM)Whether the situation is favourable or unfavourable should determine the

Type of leadership style used

27

(FCM) a favourable situation which consists of a leader highly respected by the group
A group of high ability and high motivation levels should use a leadership of

Task-orientated

28

(FCM) a moderately favourable situation with a leader reasonably respected by the group of reasonable ability and reasonable motivation levels should use

Person-orientated type of leadership

29

(FCM)Unfavourable situation when the leaders position is weak with a group of low ability and low motivation should use

Task orientated leadership

30

Chelladurai's multidimensional model (1980) the characteristics/antecedents must be

Considered before leadership style is chosen

31

3 characteristics of the multidimensional model:

Situational
Leader
Member

32

(Multidimensional model) situational characteristics are:

Activity/sport
Strength of opposition
Environmental conditions
Number in groups
Time constraints

33

(Multidimensional model)
Leader characteristics are:

Experience of leader
Personality of leader
Preference of style

34

(Multidimensional model)
Member characteristics are:

What the group look like
Group's personalities
Age
Gender
Motivation level
Competence level
Experience

35

(Multidimensional model)
Situational characteristics leads to

Required behaviour

36

(Multidimensional model) required behaviour is

What is actually needed for this purpose (depending on situation and task)

37

(Multidimensional model) leader characteristics leads to

Actual behaviour

38

(Multidimensional model) actual behaviour

What does that leader actually choose to use in terms of leadership style

39

(Multidimensional model)Member characteristics leads to

Preferred behaviour

40

(Multidimensional model) preferred behaviour is

What do the group members prefer that leader to behave like - their preferred style of leadership depending on their skill and goal

41

(Multidimensional model) if the 3 behaviours (required/actual/preferred) agree or are more closely related then

Greater chance of high group satisfaction/performance