Flashcards in Australia and New Zealand Deck (61):
The nations of the Pacific are collectively known as what?
Australia has been making wine with with traditional European grapes since
What new world country is the largest exporter of wine?
Where is Australian wine mostly produced?
The southeastern quadrant, and somewhat along the southwestern coast.
Most of the vineyards in Australia are found in what states?
South Australia, Western Australia, New South Wales, Victoria & offshore Tasmania
What are the large rivers in Australia that assist with irrigation?
Murray, Darling & Murrumbidgee rivers
What is Australia's primary mountain chain?
The Great Dividing Range
The Great Dividing Range parallels the woutheastern coast from _______ to _________.
Melbourne to Brisbane
What is Australia's coolest wine growing area?
What is Australia's most southern wine growing area?
Shiraz was mistakenly thought to have originated where?
What is Australia's most widely planted red grape varieties?
Shiraz, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Grenache, Mourvedre.
What is Australia's most widely planted white grape varieties?
Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon.
What other grape varieties have significant plantings after the main varieties?
Pinot Noir, Riesling, Chenin Blanc, Gordo Blanco (Muscat of Alexandria)
What grape variety is becoming widely grown in Western Australia?
What grapes are grown in the hotter areas of Australia and are often used in fortifies wines?
Gordo Blanco & 2 other Muscat varieties.
Within a state, the large GI's are called
What is the name of the governmental agency in charge of the GI's?
Australian Wine and Brandy Corporation
In order to list a single GI on a label what is the minimum percentage of grapes that have to have been grown in that appellation?
Vintage dates and single varieties on a label have what minimum level requirement?
Labels must list grape varieties in order of decending order of content if more than ____% is a blending grape. Or not list the grapes at all.
More than 15% of blending grape
What year was Australia's place name protections system established?
List the levels of Australian GI's.
Multistate, State, Zone, Region, Subregion
What zone is considered a super-zone?
Australia's almost unlimited sunshine and warm to hot temps produce what style wines in terms of alcohol, fruit and body?
High alcohol, fruit driven and full body.
Medium alcohol wines with more natural acidity are produced in warmer or cooler areas?
Red wines are more prevalent than white wines. T or F?
Dessert and fortified wine from Australia are known as
What zone is to the west of South Australia?
What zone is to the east of South Australia?
New South Wales
What zone is to the southeast of South Australia?
What are the regions surrounding Perth?
Perth Hills, Swan District and Peel
Perth is in what state?
What region lies south of Perth and is at Australia's southwestern extremity?
Where is the Great Southern region in Australia?
What subregions are in the Great Southern region?
Frankland and Mount Barker
What is the growing climate of the Margaret River region?
Constant sea breezes off the Indian Ocean keep the area cool.
What style wines is Margaret River known for?
Whites, Chardonnay and Sauv. Blanc/Semillon blends.
Adelaide is in what State?
McLaren Vale and Barossa Valley are know for what style wines?
Shiraz. Warm & dry mediterranian climate.
What two regions surrounding Adelaide are known for Reisling?
Clare Valley and Eden Valley
What region borders South Australia and Victoria and is known for it's red soils known as terra rosa?
Coonawarra is in what Zone?
Coonawarra is known for famous for what red wines?
What two regions surround Adelaide and are known for cool climate and higher altitude Reisings?
Clare Valley and Eden Valley
List the main regions in Southern Australia.
Barossa, McLaren Vale, Clare Valley, Eden Valley, Coonawarra
What are the main regions within New South Wales?
Hunter Valley, Mudgee and Riverina. Lesser known are Murray Darling and Orange
What region in NSW is north of Sydney and hot and humid?
What region in NSW is to the west of the Great Dividing Range?
What city lies to the north of the Great Dividing Range?
Rivernina is in what zone and known for
New South Wales. largest region, largerst producer, bulk wine. Some botrytis semillon.
Tasmania is located how many miles off the coast of Victoria?
Tasmania is especially known for what style wines?
Cold climate w/short growing season: Chardonnay, Pinot Noir and sparkling wine.
What are the main zones in Victoria?
Rutherglen, Yarra Valley, Mornington Peninsula & Heathcote. Followed by Bendigo & Goulburn Valley
What is the southern most region in Victoria?
Rutherglen's climate is
continental. Hot summer days, frosts spring & fall
What are the wine styles for Rutherglen?
Big reds from Shiraz, fortified Muscat
What is the region that lies between Bendigo and Goulburn Valley?
What are the wine styles for Heathcote?
Cool winds from the Mt. Camel Range. Premium Shiraz.
What regions are on the outskirts of Melbourne?
Yarra Valley & Mornington Peninsula