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Flashcards in Australia and New Zealand Deck (61):
1

The nations of the Pacific are collectively known as what?

Oceania

2

Australia has been making wine with with traditional European grapes since

1800

3

What new world country is the largest exporter of wine?

Australia

4

Where is Australian wine mostly produced?

The southeastern quadrant, and somewhat along the southwestern coast.

5

Most of the vineyards in Australia are found in what states?

South Australia, Western Australia, New South Wales, Victoria & offshore Tasmania

6

What are the large rivers in Australia that assist with irrigation?

Murray, Darling & Murrumbidgee rivers

7

What is Australia's primary mountain chain?

The Great Dividing Range

8

The Great Dividing Range parallels the woutheastern coast from _______ to _________.

Melbourne to Brisbane

9

What is Australia's coolest wine growing area?

Tasmania

10

What is Australia's most southern wine growing area?

Tasmania

11

Shiraz was mistakenly thought to have originated where?

Shiraz, Persia

12

What is Australia's most widely planted red grape varieties?

Shiraz, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Grenache, Mourvedre.

13

What is Australia's most widely planted white grape varieties?

Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon.

14

What other grape varieties have significant plantings after the main varieties?

Pinot Noir, Riesling, Chenin Blanc, Gordo Blanco (Muscat of Alexandria)

15

What grape variety is becoming widely grown in Western Australia?

Chenin Blanc

16

What grapes are grown in the hotter areas of Australia and are often used in fortifies wines?

Gordo Blanco & 2 other Muscat varieties.

17

Within a state, the large GI's are called

Zones

18

What is the name of the governmental agency in charge of the GI's?

Australian Wine and Brandy Corporation

19

In order to list a single GI on a label what is the minimum percentage of grapes that have to have been grown in that appellation?

85%

20

Vintage dates and single varieties on a label have what minimum level requirement?

85%

21

Labels must list grape varieties in order of decending order of content if more than ____% is a blending grape. Or not list the grapes at all.

More than 15% of blending grape

22

What year was Australia's place name protections system established?

1993

23

List the levels of Australian GI's.

Multistate, State, Zone, Region, Subregion

24

What zone is considered a super-zone?

Adelaide

25

Australia's almost unlimited sunshine and warm to hot temps produce what style wines in terms of alcohol, fruit and body?

High alcohol, fruit driven and full body.

26

Medium alcohol wines with more natural acidity are produced in warmer or cooler areas?

Cooler

27

Red wines are more prevalent than white wines. T or F?

True

28

Dessert and fortified wine from Australia are known as

stickies.

29

What zone is to the west of South Australia?

Western Australia

30

What zone is to the east of South Australia?

New South Wales

31

What zone is to the southeast of South Australia?

Victoria

32

What are the regions surrounding Perth?

Perth Hills, Swan District and Peel

33

Perth is in what state?

Western Australia

34

What region lies south of Perth and is at Australia's southwestern extremity?

Margaret River

35

Where is the Great Southern region in Australia?

Western Australia

36

What subregions are in the Great Southern region?

Frankland and Mount Barker

37

What is the growing climate of the Margaret River region?

Constant sea breezes off the Indian Ocean keep the area cool.

38

What style wines is Margaret River known for?

Whites, Chardonnay and Sauv. Blanc/Semillon blends.

39

Adelaide is in what State?

South Australia

40

McLaren Vale and Barossa Valley are know for what style wines?

Shiraz. Warm & dry mediterranian climate.

41

What two regions surrounding Adelaide are known for Reisling?

Clare Valley and Eden Valley

42

What region borders South Australia and Victoria and is known for it's red soils known as terra rosa?

Coonawarra

43

Coonawarra is in what Zone?

Limestone coast

44

Coonawarra is known for famous for what red wines?

Cabernet Sauvignon

45

What two regions surround Adelaide and are known for cool climate and higher altitude Reisings?

Clare Valley and Eden Valley

46

List the main regions in Southern Australia.

Barossa, McLaren Vale, Clare Valley, Eden Valley, Coonawarra

47

What are the main regions within New South Wales?

Hunter Valley, Mudgee and Riverina. Lesser known are Murray Darling and Orange

48

What region in NSW is north of Sydney and hot and humid?

Hunter Valley

49

What region in NSW is to the west of the Great Dividing Range?

Mudgee

50

What city lies to the north of the Great Dividing Range?

Brisbane

51

Rivernina is in what zone and known for

New South Wales. largest region, largerst producer, bulk wine. Some botrytis semillon.

52

Tasmania is located how many miles off the coast of Victoria?

150

53

Tasmania is especially known for what style wines?

Cold climate w/short growing season: Chardonnay, Pinot Noir and sparkling wine.

54

What are the main zones in Victoria?

Rutherglen, Yarra Valley, Mornington Peninsula & Heathcote. Followed by Bendigo & Goulburn Valley

55

What is the southern most region in Victoria?

Mornington Peninsula

56

Rutherglen's climate is

continental. Hot summer days, frosts spring & fall

57

What are the wine styles for Rutherglen?

Big reds from Shiraz, fortified Muscat

58

What is the region that lies between Bendigo and Goulburn Valley?

Heathcote

59

What are the wine styles for Heathcote?

Cool winds from the Mt. Camel Range. Premium Shiraz.

60

What regions are on the outskirts of Melbourne?

Yarra Valley & Mornington Peninsula

61

What are the wine styles for Yarra Valley & Mornington Peninsula?

Since they are far south in Victoria, cool climate, therefore Chardonnay & Pinot Noir for still and sparkling wine.