Flashcards in US and North America Deck (49):
California produces ____% of wine from North America.
The first vineyards were established by
Catholic missionaries for sacramental wine
In what year did Prohibition start?
Prohibition lasted for how many years?
Prohibition was repealed in what year?
What year was the Paris tasting?
What are the three tiers of the US wine industry?
Producers or Suppliers
Distributors or Wholesalers
Distributors are licensed state by state. T or F
What is a control state?
The Government takes over the role of distributor.
What is a franchise state?
Individual states grant distributors exclusive relationships with suppliers.
Areas in the US that have unifying viticultural characteristics are called
AVA. American Viticultural Area
As of Oct. 2014 how many AVA have been approved throughout the US?
What is the organization on the federal level that is responsible for enforcing laws relevant to businesses engaged in alcohol production, importation and wholesale, and labeling and advertising.
TTB, Alcohol and tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau
US sparkling wines can use "champagne" on their labels if
they were using that term on their labels prior to 2006
A sparkling wine labeled CM/CV is shorthad for
Classic Method/Classic Varieties
A sparkling wine labeled "Naturally Fermented in this bottle" means
A sparkling wine labeled "Naturally Fermented in THE bottle" means
A sparkling wine labeled "Fermented outside the Bottle" or "Charmat" means
The TTB allows a varience of ___% when labeling alcohol content.
Wines over 14% and sparkling wines are allowed a varience of ___% by the TTB.
US wine law requires ___% of the content of wine be from the USA
For AVA wines with a vintage, what is the minimum % of the wine in the bottle that must be from that year?
Varietal labeling requires ___% of the contents be from that named grape.
Oregon requires varietal labels ____% of the contents be from a named grape.
The term used for wines made in the style of Bordeaux and with the same grape varieties is
Meritage wines require a minimum of ___ grapes in the blend, and neither can be more than ___% of the total content.
2 grapes minimum, 90% max.
Seyval Blanc, Vidal Blanc and Chamborucin are examples of
What two grape varieties are considered to be unique to the US in that there are very little to no other wines made with these varieties around the world?
Zinfandel and Petit Syrah
The approved US synonym for Sauvignon Blanc is
The approved US synonym for Mourvedre is
The approved US synonym for Tempranillo is
The approved US synonym for Reisling is
What are the 5 broad California regional "super" AVAs?
North Coast AVA, Central Coast AVA, South Coast AVA, Sierra Foothills AVA, Central Valley AVA
Mendocino AVA, Clear Lake AVA and Los Caneros AVA are located in what regional AVA?
What is the body of water south of Napa County that brings in cool morning fogs and keeps the southern part of the county considerably cooler than the valley farther north?
San Pablo Bay
The top red and white varieties in Napa County are
Cab Sauv and Chardonnay
The coolest region of Napa, planted with Chardonnay & Pinot Noir is
Los Carneros AVA
Howell Mountain and Atlas Peak AVA are in what mountain range?
Vaca Mountains to the east
The coolest part of Sonoma County is near
The Russian River
The warmest part of Sonoma County is located
in the northeastern corner, farthest from the moderating influences of sea breezes.
Chardonnay accounts for ____% of Sonomas white wines and is the most widely planted variety.
Red varieties in Sonoma are
Pinot Noir, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot & Zinfandel
Chalk Hill AVA and Green Valley AVA are subregions of
Russian River Valley AVA, Sonoma County
Concentrated Zinfandels can be found in what Sonoma County AVA?
Dry Creek AVA
Anderson Valley AVA and Cole Ranch AVA are subregions of what California County AVA
Santa Lucia Highlands AVA is located within
Monterey AVA, Central Coast
Paso Robles AVA is located in what California area?
Lodi AVA is located where?
Central Valley just east of San Francisco bay