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Flashcards in US and North America Deck (49):
1

California produces ____% of wine from North America.

88%

2

The first vineyards were established by

Catholic missionaries for sacramental wine

3

In what year did Prohibition start?

1920

4

Prohibition lasted for how many years?

13

5

Prohibition was repealed in what year?

1933

6

What year was the Paris tasting?

1976

7

What are the three tiers of the US wine industry?

Producers or Suppliers
Distributors or Wholesalers
Retailers

8

Distributors are licensed state by state. T or F

True

9

What is a control state?

The Government takes over the role of distributor.

10

What is a franchise state?

Individual states grant distributors exclusive relationships with suppliers.

11

Areas in the US that have unifying viticultural characteristics are called

AVA. American Viticultural Area

12

As of Oct. 2014 how many AVA have been approved throughout the US?

over 210

13

What is the organization on the federal level that is responsible for enforcing laws relevant to businesses engaged in alcohol production, importation and wholesale, and labeling and advertising.

TTB, Alcohol and tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau

14

US sparkling wines can use "champagne" on their labels if

they were using that term on their labels prior to 2006

15

A sparkling wine labeled CM/CV is shorthad for

Classic Method/Classic Varieties

16

A sparkling wine labeled "Naturally Fermented in this bottle" means

Traditional Method

17

A sparkling wine labeled "Naturally Fermented in THE bottle" means

Transfer Method

18

A sparkling wine labeled "Fermented outside the Bottle" or "Charmat" means

Tank Method

19

The TTB allows a varience of ___% when labeling alcohol content.

1.5%

20

Wines over 14% and sparkling wines are allowed a varience of ___% by the TTB.

1%

21

US wine law requires ___% of the content of wine be from the USA

75%

22

For AVA wines with a vintage, what is the minimum % of the wine in the bottle that must be from that year?

95%

23

Varietal labeling requires ___% of the contents be from that named grape.

75%

24

Oregon requires varietal labels ____% of the contents be from a named grape.

90%

25

The term used for wines made in the style of Bordeaux and with the same grape varieties is

Meritage

26

Meritage wines require a minimum of ___ grapes in the blend, and neither can be more than ___% of the total content.

2 grapes minimum, 90% max.

27

Seyval Blanc, Vidal Blanc and Chamborucin are examples of

French-American hybrids

28

What two grape varieties are considered to be unique to the US in that there are very little to no other wines made with these varieties around the world?

Zinfandel and Petit Syrah

29

The approved US synonym for Sauvignon Blanc is

Fume Blanc

30

The approved US synonym for Mourvedre is

Mataro

31

The approved US synonym for Tempranillo is

Valdepenas

32

The approved US synonym for Reisling is

White Reisling

33

What are the 5 broad California regional "super" AVAs?

North Coast AVA, Central Coast AVA, South Coast AVA, Sierra Foothills AVA, Central Valley AVA

34

Mendocino AVA, Clear Lake AVA and Los Caneros AVA are located in what regional AVA?

North Coast

35

What is the body of water south of Napa County that brings in cool morning fogs and keeps the southern part of the county considerably cooler than the valley farther north?

San Pablo Bay

36

The top red and white varieties in Napa County are

Cab Sauv and Chardonnay

37

The coolest region of Napa, planted with Chardonnay & Pinot Noir is

Los Carneros AVA

38

Howell Mountain and Atlas Peak AVA are in what mountain range?

Vaca Mountains to the east

39

The coolest part of Sonoma County is near

The Russian River

40

The warmest part of Sonoma County is located

in the northeastern corner, farthest from the moderating influences of sea breezes.

41

Chardonnay accounts for ____% of Sonomas white wines and is the most widely planted variety.

80%

42

Red varieties in Sonoma are

Pinot Noir, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot & Zinfandel

43

Chalk Hill AVA and Green Valley AVA are subregions of

Russian River Valley AVA, Sonoma County

44

Concentrated Zinfandels can be found in what Sonoma County AVA?

Dry Creek AVA

45

Anderson Valley AVA and Cole Ranch AVA are subregions of what California County AVA

Mendocino AVA

46

Santa Lucia Highlands AVA is located within

Monterey AVA, Central Coast

47

Paso Robles AVA is located in what California area?

Central Coast

48

Lodi AVA is located where?

Central Valley just east of San Francisco bay

49

What 3 AVA's are in both Oregon and Washington?

Columbia Gorge, Columbia Valley, Walla Walla and