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Flashcards in French Wine Regions Deck (208):
1

How many cases of wine does Bordeaux produce annually?

61 million cases

2

What are the two rivers that flow through Bordeaux?

Dordogne and Garrone

3

What is the name of the estuary in Bordeaux that flows to the Atlantic ocean?

Gironde

4

What is the area on the left bank, north of Bordeaux city called?

Medoc

5

What is the area on the left bank, south of Bordeaux city called?

Graves

6

What is the main town on the right bank of the Dordogne?

Libourne

7

What is the name of the forest that is a protective barrier along the west coast of Bordeaux?

Landes Forest

8

What percentage of Bordeaux is planted with red grapes?

89%

9

Behind merlot and cabernet sauvignon, what is the 3rd most widely planted red grape in Bordeaux?

Cabernet Franc

10

What are the primary white grapes of Bordeaux?

Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon, and Muscadelle

11

How many AOCs are there in Bordeaux?

60

12

What are the appellations of Medoc?

Medoc and Haut Medoc

13

What are the 4 esteemed villages of the left bank of Bordeaux that are communal AOC's?

St. Estephe, Pauillac, St. Julien and Margaux

14

The most coveted wines from the right bank of Bordeaux come from what AOC's?

Pommerol and St. Emilion

15

What year was the famous Bordeaux classification?

1855

16

How many red wines were included in the Bordeaux classification of 1855?

61

17

How many levers of cru's are there in the original Bordeaux classifications?

5

18

What are the 4 original Premier Cru chateaux in Bordeaux in the 1855 Classification?

Haut-Brion, Lafite-Rothchild, Latour and Margaux.

19

What was the 5th chateau to become a 1er cru in Bordeaux and when did it move up?

Mouton-Rothchild in 1973

20

Bordeaux sweet wine classification levels are:

Superior Growth, First Growth
and Second Growth

21

In Bordeaux classification is for the vineyard or the chateau?

Chateau

22

What year were the Graves chateaux classified?

1855

23

What is the name of the only right bank classification system in Bordeaux and when was it established?

St. Emilion Grand Cru Classe in 1954

24

What are the two catagories of classification within the St. Emilion Grand Cru Classe?

Grand Cru Classe and Premier Grand Cru Classe

25

What are the 4 A ranking chateaux in the St. Emilion Grand Cru Classe?

Chateau Angelus, Chateau Ausone, Chateau Cheval Blanc and Chateau Pavie

26

How many producers have a Premier Grand Cru Classe status in the St. Emilion Grand Cru Classe AOC?

18

27

Small family owned and operated estates in the Medoc may have the right to use what classification on their label?

Cru Artisan

28

What are the 3 regional AOCs of Bordeaux?

Bordeaux AOC, Crement de Bordeaux AOC, Bordeaux Superieur AOC

29

What is the large appellation for dry whites in Graves?

Pessac-Leognan

30

In what year were wines of St. Emilion first classified?

1954

31

What is the classification for the best properties in the Medoc that weren't included in the 1855 classifiction?

Cru Bourgeois

32

How many cases of wine do the Loire Valley AOC's produce annually?

45 million

33

What percentage of Loire Valley wine is at the AOC level?

3/4ths of total production.

34

What area in France is known primarily for crisp white wines, light red wines, roses and some fine sweet and sparkling wines?

Loire Valley

35

The Loire Valley originates in the

Massif Central

36

How long is the Loire Valley wine region in miles?

300 miles

37

What are the four Loire Valley regions?

Pays Nantais, Anjou-Saumur, Touraine, The Upper Loire

38

The Pays Nantais is also sometimes called

Muscadet

39

What is the climate of Pays Nantais?

Maritime

40

What is the climate of the Upper Loire?

Continental

41

What are the wine styles of the Loire Valley?

Dry and sweet whites, dry and sweet roses, dry reds, sparkling wines

42

What are the key white grapes of the Loire Valley?

Chenin Blanc, Sauvignon Blanc, Melon de Bourgogne

43

What are the secondary white grapes used in the Loire Valley?

Chardonnay, Folle Blanche and Arbois

44

What grape is used only in the Pay Nantais region of the Loire Valley and no other region?

Melon de Bourgogne

45

What is Chenin Blanc sometimes called in the Loire Valley?

Pineau de la Loire

46

Melon de Borgogne is used to make what wine will known in the Pays Nantais area of the Loire Valley?

Muscadet

47

What are the two most well-known Chenin Blanc based wines of the Loire Valley?

Vouvray & Savenierres

48

The skin of Chenin Blanc is thick or thin, making it highly susceptible to botrytis?

Thin

49

Where in the Loire Valley would you most likely find well known Sauvignon Blanc wines?

Sancerre and Pouilly Fume

50

In what two appellations in the Loire Valley does Sauvignon Blanc produce it's classic flavor profile with acidity and aromatics?

Sancerre and Pouilly Fume

51

What is the local name for Cabernet Franc in the Loire Valley?

Breton

52

What is the local name for Malbec in the Loire Valley?

Cot

53

Chinon is made from what grape?

Cabernet Franc

54

Loire Valley's cool climate produces what style of red wine?

dry, zesty, light reds

55

Sparkling Loire Valley wines are marketed under what name?

Fines Bulles

56

Fines Bulles Loire Valley wines are made using what method?

Traditional

57

Loire Valley Fines Bulles wines are generally based on what white grape?

Chenin Blanc

58

What styles of sparkling wines are produced in the Loire Valley?

White and rose, dry and sweet

59

Why is there no top quality level AOP that covers all of the Loire Valley?

Too many different climates and grapes

60

Melon de Bourgogne is often called?

Muscadet, after the general appellation of the region.

61

What are the 4 appellations in the Pays Nantais that ONLY allow the Melon de Bourgogne grape?

Muscadet AOC, Muscadet Coteaux de la Loire AOC, Muscadet Cotes de Grandlieu AOC and Muscadet Sevre et Maine AOC

62

What are the 3 new Pays Nantais AOC's as of 2011?

Gros Plant du Pays Nantais AOC, Coteaux d/Ancenis AOC, and Fiefs Vendeen AOC.

63

Gros Plant du Pays Nantais AOC is based on what grape?

Folle Blanche, aka Gros Plant

64

Coteaux d'Ancenis AOC's Pinot Gris is sometimes called

Malvoisie

65

Coteaux d'Ancenis AOC's reds and roses come from what grape?

Gamay

66

Anjou AOC allows what percentage of Sauvivnon Blanc or Chardonnay in it's Chenin Blanc based white wines?

up to 20%

67

Anjou AOC's primary white grape is

Chenin Blanc

68

What are the primary red grapes of Anjou AOC?

Cabernet Franc and Cabernet Sauvignon

69

Anjou AOC's premier dry white wine made from Chenin Blanc is

Savennieres

70

Savennieres AOC grapes are ____% of _______.

100% Chenin Blanc

71

The "most cerebral" wine in the world is from

Savenniers AOC

72

Rose de Anjou AOC is generally made from what grapes?

Grolleau

73

Cabernet de Anjou AOC is generally made from what grapes?

Cabernet Franc and Cabernet Sauvignon

74

Rose de Loire AOC produces what style of rose's?

dry with 30% Cab Sauv or Cab Franc.

75

Cabernet de Anjou produces what style of rose's?

sweet

76

What style of wine is a specialty of Anjou AOC?

sweet dessert wines

77

What is the name of the primary sweet wine AOC of Anjou?

Coteaux du Layon AOC

78

The two subregions of Coteaux du Layon AOC which produce sweet white dessert wines are?

Bonnezeaux and Quarts-de-Chaume

79

What is the new appellation, as of 2011, which has become the Loire Valley's first Grand Cru?

Coteaux dy Layon Premier Cru Chaume

80

Bonnezeaux AOC and Quarts-de-Chaume must use _____% of ________ grape.

100% Chenin Blanc

81

Pinot d'Aunis is also known as

Chenin Noir

82

What is the small red wine only AOC in Saumur?

Saumur-Champigny

83

The main sparkling wine AOC in Saumur is

Saumur Brut

84

Saumur Brut may also be known as

Saumur Mousseux or just Saumur

85

Crement de Loire sources its grapes from what region in the Loire Valley?

Saumur

86

Saumur Brut always contains a proportion of what grape?

Chenin Blanc

87

Vouvray is found in what region of the Loire Valley?

Touraine

88

Vouvray makes wines using ____% of _____ grape.

100% Chenin Blanc

89

What AOC is just across the river from Vouvray?

Montlouis -sur-Loire

90

What are the known red wine AOC's of Touraine?

Chinon, Bourgueil, and St. Nicolas de Bourgueil

91

Chinon, Bourgueil and St. Nicolas de Bourguel wines must be made from at least ____% of ______.

90% Cabernet Franc

92

AOC Touraine white grapes are typically

100% Sauvignon Blanc

93

What are the two most famous appellations of the Upper Loire region?

Sancerre and Pouilly Fume

94

Sancerre and Pouilly Fume use _____% of ______ grape?

100% Sauvignon Blanc

95

The soil of Sancerre is described as

chalky limestone

96

The soil of Pouilly Fume is described as

flinty

97

What Upper Loire AOC produces red wine from what grape?

Sancerre from Pinot Noir

98

Menetau-Salon, Quincy & Reuilly are located where in the Loire Valley?

Upper Loire

99

How many cases of Champagne are produced annually?

32 million

100

Champagne makes up _____% of the world's production of sparkling wine.

18%

101

How many acres of vineyards are in Champagne?

83,000 acres

102

What are the 5 main zones of Champagne?

Vallee de la Marne, Montagne de Reims, Cote des Blancs, Cote de Sezanne and Cote des Bar

103

What is the main river in Champagne?

Marne

104

What is the region in Champagne that is located 60 miles southeast of Eperney?

Cote des Bar

105

What is the region in Champagne situated southeast of the Cote des Blanc?

Cote de Sezanne

106

What is the region in Champagne on the plateau between the Marne and Reims?

Montagne de Reims

107

What is the region in Champagne west of Eperney and stretching 40 miles along the Marne?

Vallee de la Marne

108

The soil in Champagne is based on

limestone and chalk

109

Most of the Grand Cru villages in Champagne have what kind of soil?

chalk

110

The Cotes des Bar soil is called

Kimmeridgian clay

111

Kimmeridgian clay is also found in what other two regions besides Champagne?

Burgundy and Loire Valley

112

The three main permitted grape varieties in Champagne are

Chardonnay, Pinor Noir and Pinot Meunier

113

The traditional measurement for the quantity of grapes allowed in the press is known as a

marc

114

A marc is equivalent to approximately ______ pounds.

8800

115

How many gallons of extracted juice is permitted per marc?

675 gallons

116

In Champagen the free run and first light pressings is called

the cuvee

117

Juice from later pressings in Champagne is called

the taille

118

The permitted volume of cuvee juice in Champagne is

20.5 hectoliters

119

The permitted volume of taille juice in Champagne is

5 hectoliters

120

The remaining residue after the cuvee and taille pressings is called the

rebeche

121

On what date can Champagne be bottled for it's secondary fermentation according to Champagne's laws?

January 1, following the harvest.

122

Champagne must spend ____ months maturing in the bottle.

15 months

123

How many months does Champagne age on it's lees?

12 months

124

How long must Vintage Champagne be aged?

minimum of 3 years

125

Another term for "vintage" in Champagne is

millesime

126

Liqueur d'expedition is

sweetening dosage

127

The levels of sweetness in Champagne are

Brut Nature (sans dosage), Extra Brut, Brut, Extra Dry, sec, demi-sec and doux

128

Non vintage Champagne accounts for how much of Champagne production?

3/4ths

129

The system used which rates Champagne's villages for the quality of it's grapes is called

echelle des crus

130

How many villages are currently grand cru's in Champagne?

17

131

Champagne grand crus must have what rating echelle des cru?

100%

132

Champagne Premier cru villages must have what echelle des cru rating?

90 - 99%

133

How many premier cru villages are there in Champagne?

44

134

Traditional winemaking properties in Champagne are known as

houses

135

RM on a Champagne label means what?

Recoltant-manipulant "grower Champagnes"

136

There are roughly how many "houses" in Champagne?

300

137

The only sparkling wine appellation for Champagne is

Champagne AOC

138

What are the 3 types of appellations in Alsace?

Alsace AOC, Alsace Grand Cru and Cremant d'Alsace

139

What are the 10 grape varieties allowed in Alsace AOC?

Reisling, Guwurtztraminer, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris, Pinot Noir, Sylvaner, Muscat, Chasselas, Auxerrois and Klevener de Heilgenstein.

140

What outside grape can be used only in Cremant d/Alsace?

Chardonnay

141

In Alsace the AOC is given to the

grape variety

142

How many cases of wine does Alsace produce?

10.1 cases

143

Alsace covers _____ acres in vineyards.

38,000

144

Alsace is split into two areas called

Bas Rhein and Haut Rhein

145

How many grand cru vineyards are there in Alsace?

51

146

What are the noble grapes of Alsace?

Reisling, Gewurtztraminer, Pinot Gris and Muscat

147

Cremant d'Alsace accounts for what percentage of the wine produce in Alsace?

22%

148

Blended Alsace wines are called

Edelzwicker

149

If a blended Alsacian wine has at least 50% of a noble variety is can include the designation ____on the label.

Gentil

150

What are the two styles of dessert wines in Alsace?

Vendage Tardive and Selection de Grains Nobles

151

Beaujolais blends it's boundaries with ____ and is devoted to the _____ grape.

Maconnaise, Gamay

152

What is the river that runs along Beaujolais?

The Saone

153

What is the soil of Beaujolais?

Granite

154

What grapes are in Beaujolais?

Gamay (95%), Chardonnay, Aligote, Pinot Noir

155

Describe the difference between northern Beaujolais and southern Beaujolais.

North has jammy characteristics and is light, drink now. South can be richer, more structured and ageworthy.

156

Beaujolais crus produce _____ of all wine in Beaujolais.

1/3

157

How many Beaujolais crus are there?

10

158

List the Beaujolais crus.

Chirobules, Fleure, St. Amour, Brouilly, Cote de Brouilly, Julienas, Regnie, Chenas, Moulin-a-Vent, Morgon

159

Beaujolais cru wines are red or white?

Red only

160

How many appellations are there in Beaujolais?

11

161

The Rhone Valley is second to what other French wine region in terms of production?

Bordeaux

162

The city to the north of the Rhone Valley is

Lyon

163

The city to the south of the Rhone Valley is

Avignon

164

Northern Rhone and Southern Rhone are separated by how many miles?

30

165

What is the climate of the Northern Rhone Valley?

Continental

166

Where is the Cote Rotie?

Northern Rhone Valley

167

What is the climate of the Southern Rhone Valley?

Mediterranean

168

What is the well known feature of Southern Rhone's terroir found especially in Chateauneuf du Pape?

Galets

169

What do you call the strong, cold wind that blows through the Rhone Valley?

Mistral

170

What is the red variety of the Northern Rhone?

Syrah

171

What are the white grape varieties of the Northern Rhone Valley?

Viognier, Marsanne, Roussanne

172

How many grapes are allowed in the Southern Rhone Valley?

24

173

The dominant red grape in the Southern Rhone Valley is

Grenache

174

What are the red grapes found in the Rhone Valley?

Grenache, Syrah, Mourvedre, Carignan, Cinsault

175

What are the white grapes found in the Rhone Valley?

Viognier, Marsanne, Roussanne, Clairette, Ugni Blanc, Muscat

176

The aromatic white grape found in the Southern Rhone Valley is

Clairette

177

Deeply colored, tannic, powerful and long-lived red are typically from the Northern Rhone or Southern Rhone?

Northern Rhone

178

Rhone Valley's roses account for ____% of production.

9%

179

What grape is a key component of Rhone Valley roses?

Grenache

180

White wines account for _____% of Rhone Valley wines.

5%

181

What white variety has become a benchmark for it's variety by producing full-bodies, viscous and aromatic wines in the _____ Rhone Valley?

Viognier in the Northern Rhone

182

How many appellations are in the Northern Rhone Valley?

8

183

Long ageing reds come from what 3 appellations in the Rhone Valley?

Cote Rotie, Hermitage and Cornas

184

What appellation in the Northern Rhone Valley requires 100% syrah?

Cornas

185

What white grape is a blending partner with Syrah in the Cote Rotie AOC?

Viognier

186

What white grapes are blending partners with Syrah in the Northern Rhone Valley?

Viognier, Marsanne, Roussanne

187

What are the white AOC's in the Northern Rhone Valley that require 100% Viognier?

Condrieu and Chateau-Grillet

188

Southern Rhone Valley is responsible for ____% of all Rhone Valley production.

96%

189

Where is the Cotes du Rhone AOC located?

Southern Rhone Valley

190

Chateauneuf du Pape allows how many grapes in it's blend?

13 or 18

191

Where is Beaumes de Venise found?

Southern Rhone Valley

192

Beaumes de Venise is a _____ wine using what grape?

sweet, Muscat

193

What is the minimum residual sugar in Beaumes de Venies?

10%

194

A vin doux natural based on Grenache is produced in what Southern Rhone appellations?

Rasteau

195

What Southern Rhone appellation produces rose exclusively from what two primary grapes?

Tavel, Grenache and Cinsaut

196

What Rhone Valley appellation produces a sweet sparkling white using the Methode Ancestrale Diosie?

Clairette de Die AOC

197

What Rhone Valley appellation produces a sweet sparkling white using the Traditional Method?

Cremant de Die AOC

198

The "black wine" of Cahors is based on what grape?

Malbec

199

Madiran AOC produces powerful reds from what grape?

Tannat

200

What are the primary red grapes found in Southern France?

Syrah, Grenache, Merlot, Carignan, Cab. Sauvignon

201

What are the primary white grapes found in Southern France?

Viognier, Muscat, Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc

202

That IGP covers the entire Languedoc-Roussillon?

Pays d'Oc

203

What is the largest AOC in Languedoc-Roussillon in terms of production?

Corbieres

204

What is the new AOC in Languedoc-Roussillon approved for red wine only?

Terrasses du Larzac

205

Sparkling wines of the Languedoc-Roussillon are found in what town?

Limoux

206

What AOC in Provence produces deeply colored and aromatic reds and fine dry roses principally from Mourvedre?

Bandol

207

Where is the Bandol AOC?

Provence

208

Rose accounts for ___% of wine production in Provence.

88%