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Flashcards in Spain Deck (89):
1

What is the name of the large raised plateau in Central Spain?

Meseta

2

What is the mountain range along the north coast of Spain that helps shield Spain from storms?

Cantabrian Cordillera

3

What indigenous white grape is used mostly for brandy and bulk wine?

Airen

4

Tempranillo in Toro is known as _________.

Tinta de Toro

5

Tempranillo in Ribera del Duero and Cigales is known as _________.

Tinta del Pais

6

Tempranillo in Ribera del Duero is known as _________.

Tinto Fino

7

Tempranillo in Catalonia is known as _________.

Ull de Llebre

8

Tempranillo in La Mancha and Valdepenas is known as _________.

Cencibel

9

Tempranillo in Portugal is known as _________.

Aragonez

10

Tempranillo in Douro (Portugal) is known as _________.

Tinta Roriz

11

What is the primary grape in Priorat?

Garnacha

12

Mourvedre is known as ______ in Spain.

Monastrell

13

Macabeo is known as ______ in Rioja.

Viura

14

The authorized grapes for Sherry are:

Palomino, Pedro Ximenez, Moscatel

15

How many DO's are there in Spain?

67

16

What are the DOCa's of Spain?

Priorat and Rioja

17

Single vineyards in Spain that produce excellent wine and are made and bottled at the winery or municipal area can be designated ___________.

Vinos de Pago

18

Each DO has a _____ that controls local production areas and practices.

Consejo Regulador

19

A Spanish wine that has spent a minimum of 18 month in barricas or bottle may be termed _____.

Vino Noble (noble wine)

20

A Spanish wine that has spent a minimum of 24 month in barricas or bottle may be termed _____.

Vino Anejo (aged wine)

21

A Spanish wine that has spent a minimum of 36 month in barricas or bottle in a strongly oxidized environment may be termed _____.

Vino Viejo (old wine)

22

What are the three PDO aging designations in Spain?

Crianza, Riserva, Gran Riserva

23

What are the aging requirements for Crianza red wines?

6 months barrel, 2 years total

24

What are the aging requirements for Rioja Crianza red wines?

12 months barrel, 2 years total

25

What are the aging requirements for Riserva red wines?

12 months barrel, 3 years total

26

What are the aging requirements for Gran Riserva red wines?

18 months barrel, 5 years total

27

What are the aging requirements for Rioja Gran Riserva red wines?

24 months, 5 years total

28

What are the aging requirements for Crianza white wines?

6 months barrel, 1 year total

29

What are the aging requirements for Riserva white wines?

6 months barrel, 2 years total

30

What are the aging requirements for Gran Riserva white wines?

6 months barrel, 4 years total

31

The term used for PDO wine released a year after it was made, and if oak aged at all, aged for a shorter period than Crianza is

Joven

32

Green Spain refers to what autonomous region?

Galicia

33

Rias Baixas is known for what white grapes?

Albarino, Loureira and Treixadura

34

The white grape of Ribeiro is

Albarino

35

Valdeorras DO is located in what autonomous region?

Galicia

36

Toro, Cigales, Rueda and Ribero de Duera are all DOs in the ______ Valley and what autonomous region.

Duero, Castile-Leon

37

Toro DO primarily makes red wine from what grape?

Tempranillo aka Tinta de Toro

38

Rueda DO is mostly known for it's white wine from what grape?

Verdejo

39

Cigales produces mainly red and rosado wines. T or F

True

40

Ribera del Duero's reds must be at least ____% of _____ aka _______.

75% Tempranillo aka Tinto Fino or Tinta del Pais

41

Ribera del Duero's red wines are on par with _____ for quality.

Rioja

42

The region in Spain with a challenging climate of extreme cold and hot and with one of the highest elevations is

Ribera del Duero

43

The cities of Lograno and Haro are located in what subregion of Rioja?

Rioja Alta

44

What is the river that flows through Rioja?

Elba

45

Macabeo is known an Viura in what region?

Rioja

46

Rioja wines tend to be tannic. T or F

True

47

White Rioja must contain ____% or ______.

51% Viura

48

What region is located in the mountainous region just west of Barcelona?

Priorat

49

What red grape is the backbone of Rioja's fine red wines?

Tempranillo

50

What kind of oak barrels does Rioja use for aging?

American oak

51

Rioja Rosado is often produced using a majority of what grape?

Garnacha

52

Priorat is known for it's _______ soils.

Ilicorella

53

What are the two main red grapes in Priorat?

Garnacha and Carinena

54

What Catalonian DO produces mostly full-bodies aromatic white wines?

Tarragona DO

55

What is the town considered to be the spiritual home of Cava?

San Sadurni de Noya

56

What are the three classic grape varieties for Cava?

Parellada, Xarel-lo, Macabeo

57

The grape that is the basis for most Cava blends is

Xarel-lo

58

What are the Three Cava aging designations?

Cava, Cava Riserva, Cava Gran Reserva

59

The production requirments for basic Cava are:

Min. 9 mths on lees in bottle, any sweetness level

60

The production requirments for Cava Reserva are:

Min. 15 mths on lees in bottle, brut or drier

61

The production requirments for Cava Gran Reserva are:

Min. 30 mths on lees in bottle, brut or drier

62

What are the two basic forms of Sherry?

Fino and Oloroso

63

What form of Sherry ages under flor?

Fino

64

What kind of Sherry is produced in Sanlucar de Barrameda?

Manzanilla

65

What are the 3 grapes authorized for Sherry producation?

Palomino, Pedro Ximenez, Moscatel

66

What grape is the primary grape in Sherry?

Palomino

67

What grape is used as a principal sweetening agent in the sweeter styles of Sherry?

Pedro Ximenez

68

Fino Sherries are usually dry on the palette. T or F

True

69

The Sherry grape, Palomino, grows best on what soil?

Albariza (brilliantly white)

70

The Sherry grape, Pedro Ximenez, grows best on what soil?

Barro (Clay)

71

The Sherry grape, Moscatel, grows best on what soil?

Arena (sandy)

72

Manzanilla Sherry is often described as ______.

Briney

73

The least alcoholic of the fortified Sherries is

Fino Sherry

74

What style of sweetened Sherry originated in Bristol?

Pale Cream

75

What style Sherry started as a fino and was aged under a layer of flor but lost is protective flor after a few years?

Amontillado

76

What style of Sherry has the characteristics of both Fino and Oloroso sherries?

Amontillado

77

What style of Sherry has a nutty characteristic as well as a slight flor aroma?

Amontillado

78

What style of Sherry begins with a fino base but never develops it's flor but has the color and full body of an oloroso sherry?

Palo Cortado

79

Amontillado and Palo Cortado are what style of sherries?

Hybrid

80

What style sherries are fortified to a higher alcoholic strength in order to keep flor from developing, thus aging in the presence of oxygen with oxidation being a part of it's characteristics?

Oloroso

81

What style sherry is a Palomino based Sherry aged in partially filled barrels without flor and with considerable oxication?

Olorosa

82

What style sherry is a sweetened version of an Olorosa Sherry?

Cream Sherry

83

What style sherry is produced by harvesting the grapes at a high level of sugar and then allowing the grapes to dry on straw mats in the hot sum?

Pedro Ximenez

84

What style sherry are solera-aged in wood barrels after fortification resulting in wines that are quite viscous, darn and naturally very sweet?

Pedro Ximenez PX

85

What are the two Sherry designations based on exceptionally old and rare wines?

Sherry with Age Classification
Sherry with Certified Age

86

What are the two designations under the classification of "Sherry with Certified Age"?

VOS and VORS

87

The designation VOS is reserved for Sherries that have at least _____ of solera aging.

20 years

88

The designation VORS is reserved for Sherries that have at least _____ of solera aging.

30 years

89

The Montilla-Moriles DO uses what grape varieties to produce a naturally sweet high alcohol dessert wines.

Pedro Ximenez and Moscatel