Flashcards in Spain Deck (89):
What is the name of the large raised plateau in Central Spain?
What is the mountain range along the north coast of Spain that helps shield Spain from storms?
What indigenous white grape is used mostly for brandy and bulk wine?
Tempranillo in Toro is known as _________.
Tinta de Toro
Tempranillo in Ribera del Duero and Cigales is known as _________.
Tinta del Pais
Tempranillo in Ribera del Duero is known as _________.
Tempranillo in Catalonia is known as _________.
Ull de Llebre
Tempranillo in La Mancha and Valdepenas is known as _________.
Tempranillo in Portugal is known as _________.
Tempranillo in Douro (Portugal) is known as _________.
What is the primary grape in Priorat?
Mourvedre is known as ______ in Spain.
Macabeo is known as ______ in Rioja.
The authorized grapes for Sherry are:
Palomino, Pedro Ximenez, Moscatel
How many DO's are there in Spain?
What are the DOCa's of Spain?
Priorat and Rioja
Single vineyards in Spain that produce excellent wine and are made and bottled at the winery or municipal area can be designated ___________.
Vinos de Pago
Each DO has a _____ that controls local production areas and practices.
A Spanish wine that has spent a minimum of 18 month in barricas or bottle may be termed _____.
Vino Noble (noble wine)
A Spanish wine that has spent a minimum of 24 month in barricas or bottle may be termed _____.
Vino Anejo (aged wine)
A Spanish wine that has spent a minimum of 36 month in barricas or bottle in a strongly oxidized environment may be termed _____.
Vino Viejo (old wine)
What are the three PDO aging designations in Spain?
Crianza, Riserva, Gran Riserva
What are the aging requirements for Crianza red wines?
6 months barrel, 2 years total
What are the aging requirements for Rioja Crianza red wines?
12 months barrel, 2 years total
What are the aging requirements for Riserva red wines?
12 months barrel, 3 years total
What are the aging requirements for Gran Riserva red wines?
18 months barrel, 5 years total
What are the aging requirements for Rioja Gran Riserva red wines?
24 months, 5 years total
What are the aging requirements for Crianza white wines?
6 months barrel, 1 year total
What are the aging requirements for Riserva white wines?
6 months barrel, 2 years total
What are the aging requirements for Gran Riserva white wines?
6 months barrel, 4 years total
The term used for PDO wine released a year after it was made, and if oak aged at all, aged for a shorter period than Crianza is
Green Spain refers to what autonomous region?
Rias Baixas is known for what white grapes?
Albarino, Loureira and Treixadura
The white grape of Ribeiro is
Valdeorras DO is located in what autonomous region?
Toro, Cigales, Rueda and Ribero de Duera are all DOs in the ______ Valley and what autonomous region.
Toro DO primarily makes red wine from what grape?
Tempranillo aka Tinta de Toro
Rueda DO is mostly known for it's white wine from what grape?
Cigales produces mainly red and rosado wines. T or F
Ribera del Duero's reds must be at least ____% of _____ aka _______.
75% Tempranillo aka Tinto Fino or Tinta del Pais
Ribera del Duero's red wines are on par with _____ for quality.
The region in Spain with a challenging climate of extreme cold and hot and with one of the highest elevations is
Ribera del Duero
The cities of Lograno and Haro are located in what subregion of Rioja?
What is the river that flows through Rioja?
Macabeo is known an Viura in what region?
Rioja wines tend to be tannic. T or F
White Rioja must contain ____% or ______.
What region is located in the mountainous region just west of Barcelona?
What red grape is the backbone of Rioja's fine red wines?
What kind of oak barrels does Rioja use for aging?
Rioja Rosado is often produced using a majority of what grape?
Priorat is known for it's _______ soils.
What are the two main red grapes in Priorat?
Garnacha and Carinena
What Catalonian DO produces mostly full-bodies aromatic white wines?
What is the town considered to be the spiritual home of Cava?
San Sadurni de Noya
What are the three classic grape varieties for Cava?
Parellada, Xarel-lo, Macabeo
The grape that is the basis for most Cava blends is
What are the Three Cava aging designations?
Cava, Cava Riserva, Cava Gran Reserva
The production requirments for basic Cava are:
Min. 9 mths on lees in bottle, any sweetness level
The production requirments for Cava Reserva are:
Min. 15 mths on lees in bottle, brut or drier
The production requirments for Cava Gran Reserva are:
Min. 30 mths on lees in bottle, brut or drier
What are the two basic forms of Sherry?
Fino and Oloroso
What form of Sherry ages under flor?
What kind of Sherry is produced in Sanlucar de Barrameda?
What are the 3 grapes authorized for Sherry producation?
Palomino, Pedro Ximenez, Moscatel
What grape is the primary grape in Sherry?
What grape is used as a principal sweetening agent in the sweeter styles of Sherry?
Fino Sherries are usually dry on the palette. T or F
The Sherry grape, Palomino, grows best on what soil?
Albariza (brilliantly white)
The Sherry grape, Pedro Ximenez, grows best on what soil?
The Sherry grape, Moscatel, grows best on what soil?
Manzanilla Sherry is often described as ______.
The least alcoholic of the fortified Sherries is
What style of sweetened Sherry originated in Bristol?
What style Sherry started as a fino and was aged under a layer of flor but lost is protective flor after a few years?
What style of Sherry has the characteristics of both Fino and Oloroso sherries?
What style of Sherry has a nutty characteristic as well as a slight flor aroma?
What style of Sherry begins with a fino base but never develops it's flor but has the color and full body of an oloroso sherry?
Amontillado and Palo Cortado are what style of sherries?
What style sherries are fortified to a higher alcoholic strength in order to keep flor from developing, thus aging in the presence of oxygen with oxidation being a part of it's characteristics?
What style sherry is a Palomino based Sherry aged in partially filled barrels without flor and with considerable oxication?
What style sherry is a sweetened version of an Olorosa Sherry?
What style sherry is produced by harvesting the grapes at a high level of sugar and then allowing the grapes to dry on straw mats in the hot sum?
What style sherry are solera-aged in wood barrels after fortification resulting in wines that are quite viscous, darn and naturally very sweet?
Pedro Ximenez PX
What are the two Sherry designations based on exceptionally old and rare wines?
Sherry with Age Classification
Sherry with Certified Age
What are the two designations under the classification of "Sherry with Certified Age"?
VOS and VORS
The designation VOS is reserved for Sherries that have at least _____ of solera aging.
The designation VORS is reserved for Sherries that have at least _____ of solera aging.