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Flashcards in Portugal Deck (29):
1

What are the three climates of Portugal?

Maritime, Mediterranean and Continental

2

Portugal's most common red variety is

Castelao

3

What are three grape varieties are used in Port and also unfortified red wines?

Touriga National, Touriga Franc, Tinta Roriz

4

What Portugese red variety is extremely tannic?

Baga

5

The white varieties of Vinho Verde are

Alvarinho and Loureiro

6

What are the white "noble" grapes of Madeira?

Sercial, Verdelho, Bual, Malvasia (Mamsey)

7

Vinho Verde produces white, rose and red wines. T or F

True

8

What are the three subregions of The Douro Valley?

Biaxo Corgo, Cima Corgo, Douro Superior

9

What are the five preferred grapes for port?

Touriga Nacional
Touriga Franca
Tinta Roriz (Tempranillo)
Tinta Barroca
Tinta Cao

10

What are the predominant grape varieties for white port?

Malvasia Fina
Gouveio

11

The DOC for Port in the Douro Valley has a unique and complex vineyard ranking system called the

cadastro

12

Based on the Cadastro system, vineyards are ranked from ____ to _____.

A to F

13

The beneficio refers to what?

The volume of Port that a vineyard is allowed to produce.

14

Quinta means

estate or vineyard.

15

List the styles of Port

Ruby
Reserve
LBV
Tawny
Vintage
Single Quinta
Colheita
White
Rose

16

Port is fortified before, during or after the fermentation process?

During

17

The basic style of Port is

Ruby

18

What's the difference between a Vintage Port and a LBV Port

Both are from a single vintage, but LBV is filtered before bottling and ready to be consumed upon release.

19

What is a Colheita Port?

A single vintage tawny Port aged in cask for at least 7 years.

20

Which style port if made in both off-dry and sweet styles and served as a aperitif?

White Port

21

Portugal's two most famous fortified wines are

Port and Madiera

22

The term used to describe Madiera's "cooking" process is

maderization

23

Vineyards in Madiera are irrigated via

levadas (canals)

24

What are the two main ways to maderize Madiera wines?

Canteiro Method
Estufagem Process

25

What is an estufa?

A steel vat

26

What are cantieros?

Rafters

27

Which is the least expensive estufagem method? Cuba de calor or armazem de calor?

Cuba de calor

28

List the classic styles of Madiera from driest to sweetest?

Sercial
Verdelho
Bual
Malmsey

29

The finest Ports are considered to be from what subregion of the Douro DOC?

Cima Corgo