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Flashcards in France Overall Deck (57):
1

What are the 4 levels of AOC?

Regional, District, Communal, Village or Parish, and Vineyard or Single Estate

2

What white grape is grown only in Bordeaux and the southwest, primarily for sweet whites?

Semillion

3

How many acres does merlot cover in Bordeaux?

250,000

4

AOC stands for

Appellation d'Origine Controlle

5

What red variety is associated with the Northern Rhone Valley?

Syrah

6

Who is credited with creating glass bottles that wouldn't explode due to pressure?

Christopher Merret

7

What red variety is a blending grape in the south of France?

Cinsault

8

What is a leading white grape in Bordeaux and eastern Loire?

Sauvignon Blanc

9

Appellation means

Place-name

10

What are the 2 red grapes of Champagne?

Pinot Noir and Pinot Meunier

11

IGP is also Vin de Pay. T or F

True

12

What white grape is planted mostly in the south of France and mainly used for vin doux natural?

Muscat

13

As long as all grapes come from France, entry level vin de table wines can be labeled

Vin de France

14

What area of France has the longest history of viticulture?

South of France

15

What religious orders were based in Burgundy?

Benedictine & Cistercian monks

16

Small quantities of Gamay can be found in what cool climate region in France?

Loire Valley

17

South of France fortified wines are called

Vin doux Natural

18

What is the most widely planted white grape in France?

Ugni Blanc

19

What does IGP stand for?

Indication de Geographique Protegee

20

In what century did Bordeaux come under the British crown & why?

Henry II married Eleanor of Aquitaine in 12th century

21

What is the most planted red grape variety in France?

Merlot

22

How many zone vin de pays/IGP's are there in France?

90 plus

23

How many AOC's are there in France?

more than 300

24

What white grape is only grown in the western Loire Valley?

Melon de Bourgogne

25

What European country served as the model for the EU's wine system?

France

26

The Champagne region was well known in the 1600's not for sparkling wines but for

still Pinot Noir wines

27

What tier of wine categories account for more than 1/3 of all French wine?

IGP or vin de pays

28

More than 1/2 of France's Cabernet Sauvignon is grown in

Bordeaux

29

Tho brought the first grapes to France?

Greeks & Romans

30

In what regions will you find Chardonnay?

Burgundy, Champagne & Languedoc-Roussillon

31

What are the 5 most important rivers in France?

Dordogne, Garonne, Loire, Rhone, Rhine

32

AOC's produce just under _____ of all French wine.

half

33

What region has a maritime climate and produce ____ of French vineyard land?

Bordeaux produces 1/3 of vineyard land.

34

What region in France was the first to develop appellation rules? and when?

Chateauneuf du Pape in 1920's

35

What white grape is used primarily for making brandy and cognac?

Ugni Blanc

36

What are the major topographical features in France?

The Massif Central, southern Alps & rivers that flow from the mountains to the ocean

37

When did the Roman empire collapse?

5th century

38

What mountain range protects Alsace?

Vosges

39

What grape is the main red variety in Alsace and east Loire?

Pinot Noir

40

What 2 red varieties are grown in the Languedoc-Roussillon and Provence?

Syrah and Mourvedre

41

The home of French nobility in the Middle Ages was where?

Loire Valley

42

What red grape is a primary ingredient in most Southern Rhone blends?

Grenache

43

How many departmental vin de pays/IGP's are there in France?

52

44

What white grape is grown primarily in Anjou-Saumur and Touraine?

Chenin Blanc

45

What red ward climate grape is grown only in the south of France?

Carignan

46

What region regularly uses varietal labeling on it's top tier wines?

Alsace

47

What is the organization that legally protects the use of place names for wine regions in France?

Institut National de l'Origine et de la Qualite

48

How many regional vin de pays/IGP's are there in France?

6

49

Trebbiano is also known as _____ in France.

Ugni Blanc

50

What are the three levels of Vin de Pays or IGP wines?

Regional, departmental and zone

51

Monasteries acquired holdings in which two regions?

Burgundy & Champagne

52

What is the primary red grape of the Loire Valley?

Cabernet Franc

53

When did the deliberate introduction of bubbles into the winemaking process start in Champagne?

End of the 17th century

54

The British ownership of Aquitaine ended due to warfare in

14th & 15th centuries

55

What regions have a mediterranean climate and produce ____ of French vineyard land?

Languedoc-Rousellon, Provence, Rhone, Corsica produce half of vineyard land

56

Ugni Blanc covers more than _____ acres in France.

200,000

57

Pays d'Oc is a regional IGP which covers

the western part of the French Mediterranean coast.