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Flashcards in Rhone Valley Deck (42):
1

The prime viticultural areas of the Rhone Valley lie on either side of what river?

The Rhone

2

What city lies to the north of the Rhone Valley?

Lyon (20 miles north)

3

What city lies at the south of the Rhone Valley?

Avignon

4

How many miles from north to south is the Rhone Valley?

120 miles

5

How many miles are in the gap between the Northern Rhone and the Southern Rhone?

30 miles

6

What are the 3 major apps in Southern Rhone?

Chateuaneuf du Pape, Gigondas & Vacqueyras

7

The climate in Southern Rhone is

Mediterranean

8

What is the name of the cold wind that blows down from the Alps and through the Rhone Valley?

The mistral.

9

How does the mistral help the Southern rhone grapes?

Cools down the vines so the grapes retain their acidity, and works as a blow-dryer to keep humidity & mold off the grapes at harvest time.

10

Because of the mistral, the best vineyards are located where?

In sheltered areas.

11

Because of the mistral, how are the vines pruned?

Low to the ground.

12

Which part of the Rhone Valley has vineyards venturing out away from the Rhone River and on flatter land and hills?

Southern Rhone

13

What are the soils in the Southern Rhome?

clay, sandy limestone, gravel, or stones

14

Why does Southern Rhone blend it's wine?

The hot dry climate can make classic Syrah lose it's focus & intensity so blending can create a whole wine that's more than a sum of it's parts.

15

How many red grapes are permitted in Southern Rhone?

12

16

How many grape varieties are allowed in Southern Rhone?

23

17

How many grape varieties are allowed in C du Pape?

13

18

What is the most important grape in Southern Rhone?

Grenache

19

List 4 other Southern Rhone red grapes?

Syrah, Mourvedre, Carignan, Cinsaut

20

What white grapes are found in Southern Rhone?

Grenache Blanc, Ugni Blanc, Marsanne, Roussane, Viognier, Clairette, Muscat

21

What grape variety is often a key component of Rhone rose's?

Grenache

22

Tavel is located in what part of the Rhone Valley?

Southern Rhone

23

What app in the Southern Rhone produces only roses?

Tavel

24

What regional app covers most of the Southern Rhone?

Cotes du Rhone.

25

How many villages are within the Southern Rhone Cotes du Rhone app?

90

26

What app is best known of the Cotes du Rhone-Villages?

Cairanne

27

What Southern Rhone AOCs are known for hearty red blends?

C du Pape, Gigondas, Vacqueyras, Lirac & Rasteau

28

What best known vin doux natural or sweet wine is made in Southern Rhone?

Muscat de Beaumes-de-Venise

29

What is the alcohol level and minimum % of sugar in a Muscat de B-de-V?

15% alcohol and 10% residual sugar

30

What is another vin doux natural from Southern Rhone is based on Grenache and is mostly red but can be white, tawny and rose versions?

Rasteau vin doux naturel

31

What grapes are used for Tavel roses?

Grenache & Cinsault

32

Where is Clairette de Die AOC and what style wine is produced there?

Apart from the Rhone Valley. Produces a sweet sparkling wine using the Method Ancestrale Dioise.

33

List the AOC's in the Southern Rhone clockwise

Cotes du Rhone, Cotes du Rhone Villages, one at the top, Vinsoble, Rasteau, Gigondas, Vaqueyres, Beaumes de Venise, large app starts with a V, Luberon, Chat. du Pape, Cost. de Nimes, Tavel, Lirac

34

The Northern Rhone passes through what?

The Massiff Central and the French Alps

35

The vineyards are steep and must be terraced in what part of the Rhone Valley

Northern

36

What is the climate in the Northern Rhone

Continental

37

What are galets and where are they found.

Stones in Southern Rhone, esp. Chat. du Pape

38

What are the white varietals found in Northern Rhone?

Marsanne, Rousanne, Viognier

39

Full bodied, viscous and aromatic describes what Northern Rhone grape variety?

Viognier

40

What Northern Rhone AOC is 100% syrah?

Cornas

41

What Northern Rhone AOCs are dry whites from 100% viognier?

Condrieu and Chateau Grillet

42

List the Northern Rhone AOCs north to south

Cote Rotie, Condrieu, Chateaux Grillet, St. Joseph, Crozes Hermitage, Hermitage, Cornas, St. Peray