Flashcards in Fortified Wine Production Deck (32):
How did fortified wines come into being?
Brandy was added to prevent spoilage when traveling long distances.
How does fortification preserve wine?
It raises the alcohol level so that yeast and bacteria cannot survive.
The differences in the various fortified wines are:
The grapes used, when fortification takes place, and the ageing regimen after fortification.
The classic fortified wines are:
Port, Sherry and Madeira
Wines fortified during fermentation are sweet or dry?
Sweet, such as Port
The practice of making a sweet wine by adding alcohol before or during fermentation while the wine still has a significant amount of sugar in it is called
Fermentation will stop when the fortified wine's alcohol level reaches
18 - 20%
The majority of fortified wines are fortified during fermentation. T or F
List 5 sweet style fortified wines from France:
Banyuls, Maury, Muscat de Baumes de Venise, Muscat de Rivesaltes, Rasteau
List 4 sweet style fortified wines from Portugal:
Madeira (sweeter style), Madeira (drier style), Port, Setubal
Name a sweet style fortified wine from Spain:
Name a sweet style fortified wine from Italy
Name a sweet style fortified wine from Australia
Fortification for sweet style wines typically takes place when the sugar levels have fallen to
8 - 12%
List the steps for production of sweet style fortified wine:
Base wine, fortify during fermentation, age in barrels or vats, blending, bottling.
Dry style fortified wines are fortified during or after fermentation?
The most well know dry style fortified wine is
List two dry style fortified wines from Spain?
Sherry and Montilla-Moriles region
The neutral grapes used in the base wine production of Sherry are:
Palomino and Pedro Ximenz
The neutral grapes used in the base wine production of Madeira's dry version of fortified wines are:
Sercial and Verdelho
Dry style fortified wines do not want grape flavors or phenolics in their base wines. T or F
What is the typical fermentation vessel used for the base wine for dry fortified wines?
Stainless steel tanks, to keep the wine neutral in flavor.
What are the two basic types of Sherry?
Fino and Oloroso
The fortified wine that is pale in color and light bodied, and requires flor yeast in the aging process is called
Flor is a yeast. T or F
Flor thrives in an alcohol level of
Characteristic flor aromas are
nutty, bruised apple
What is a criadera?
The rows of American oak butts above the solera level in a solera system.
What is "running the scales"?
It is a fractional blending system where the youngest vintage tops off the youngest criadera and all the wine moves down eventually into the solera level.
Which style of Sherry experiences oxidative ageing?
Oloroso Sherry (no flor to protect the wine)
What is a vin doux naturels?
Lightly fortified sweet French wines from the South of France.