Flashcards in B vitamins Deck (21):
What is the other name for B1?
What kind of enzymes use thiamine?
Dehydrogenase enzymes (B3 is more often seen with these enzymes)
What is seen with thiamine deficiency?
Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome (confusion + ophthalmoplegia + ataxia)
Dry beriberi (polyneuritis + symmetrical muscle wasting)
Wet beriberi (high-output cardiac failure + edema)
What is the concern of giving glucose to thiamine deficient patients?
Can damage mammillary bodies...GIVE THIAMINE FIRST
What is the other name for B2? What kind of reactions use B2?
What is seen with riboflavin deficiency?
What is the other name for B3?
What is seen with niacin deficiency?
What is the other name for B5?
What is seen with pantothenate deficiency?
Dermatitis, enteritis, alopecia, adrenal insufficiency
What is another name for B6?
What enzymes use pyridoxine?
What is seen with pyridoxine deficiency?
Convulsions, hyperirritability, peripheral neuropathy, sideroblastic anemias
What is another name for B7?
What enzymes use biotin?
What weird dietary substance can cause biotin deficiency?
Raw egg whites...avidin in egg whites binds biotin
What is another name for B9?
You better not screw up on a folic acid question...
Or a B12 question for that matter
What is the other name for B12?
Patient comes in and after labs it is determined that she has megaloblastic anemia. So she is given folic acid and B12. She comes in a week later and still has megaloblastic anemia. What is likely elevated in her serum?
Orotic aciduria (d/t defect in UMP synthase) presents with megaloblastic anemia and elevated orotic acid