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Flashcards in Fun drugs... Deck (15):
1

What are the signs of alcohol intoxication?...wait...never mind...What are the signs/symptoms of alcohol withdrawal?

Mild: anxiety, tremor, seizures, insomnia (common to depressants)

Severe: delirium tremens

2

What is delirium tremens? When does it occur? How is it treated?

Autonomic system hyperactivity (tachycardia, tremors, anxiety, seizures); psychotic symptoms (hallucinations, delusions); confusion

DTs peak 2-5 days after last drink

DTs are treated with benzodiazepines

3

What are the signs of opioid intoxication?

Euphoria
Respiratory and CNS depression
Decreased gag reflex
Pupillary constriction

OD...seizures

4

What are the signs of opioid withdrawal?

Sweating
Dilated pupils
Goose bumps
Flu-like symptoms (fever, rhinorrhea, nausea, stomach cramps, diarrhea)
Yawning

5

What are the treatment options for opioid withdrawal?

Methadone (long half-life)
Buprenorphine (partial agonist)

6

Barbiturates have a low TI and can cause severe respiratory depression. What are some potential side effects of withdrawing long-term barbiturates?

Delirium
Life-threatening CV collapse

7

Benzos are relatively mild. What is seen with benzo intoxication? Withdrawal?

Benzos cause ataxia and minor respiratory depression

Withdrawal can cause sleep disturbances, depression, rebound anxiety, or seizures

8

Amphetamines basically create a hyper-sympathetic state (complete with pupillary dilation and paranoia). What are the signs of withdrawal?

Anhedonia (expected)
Increased appetite (have to make up for lost meals...)
Hypersomnolence (have to make up for lost sleep...)
Existential crisis

9

How is amphetamine overdose treated?

Acidification (NH4+Cl-)

10

Cocaine presents similar to meth...sympathetic overload. Thus, its withdrawal symptoms are also very similar. What are they?

Hypersomnolence
Malaise
Severe psychological craving
Depression/suicidality

11

How is a cocaine overdose treated?

Benzos

12

What is the biggest concern with PCP intoxication?

Trauma...to themselves or to those around them

13

What are the treatment options for PCP overdose?

Benzos
rapid-acting antipsychotics

14

What are the symptoms of PCP withdrawal?

Depression
Anxiety
Irritability
Restlessness
Anergia
Disturbances of thought and sleep

15

What are the symptoms of pot withdrawal? How long do they last?

Irritability
Depression
Insomnia
Nausea
Anorexia

Symptoms peak at 48 hours and last 5-7 days