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Flashcards in Beer Basics Deck (38):
1

What are the main characteristics to taste for in a beer?

  1. maltiness
  2. hoppiness (bitterness)
  3. fruitiness

2

What is malt?

Fermented cereal grains such
as wheat and barley

3

What is the "hoppiness" of a beer?

A bitter flavor arising from the hop plant

Pale ales are generally the hoppiest beers available in the United States

4

What is the "fruitiness" of a beer?

A by-product of yeast fermentation in the brewing process

Most ales have some degree of fruity flavor, even though no actual fruit is used

5

What are the two principal types of beer?

Ales and Lagers

6

What are the main attributes
of an ale?

  • made with "top-fermenting" strains of yeast
  • ferments best at warmer temperatures, which leads to faster fermentation
  • has more hops, malt, and roasted malt
  • bitterness

7

What are the main attributes
of a lager?

  • made with "bottom-fermenting" strains of yeast, which sink to the bottom of the tank
  • ferments best at colder temperatures
  • mild, crisp taste

8

The following are examples of what variety of beer?

  • Barley Wine
  • Porter
  • Stout
  • Wheat Beer

Ale

9

The following are examples of what variety of beer?

  • Bock
  • Dunkel
  • Oktoberfest / Märzen
  • Pilsner

Lager

10

American light lager

  • subtle, lean, and crisp taste
  • e.g., Budweiser, Bock

11

American light (generic pale ale)

  • almost no malt or hop characteristics
  • very light-bodied
  • e.g., Sierra Nevada Pale Ale

12

Bock

  • full-bodied lager
  • strong, malty flavor
  • e.g., Shiner Bock

13

Pilsner

  • light-bodied lager
  • hoppy, dry flavor
  • e.g., Brooklyn Pilsner

14

Barley Wine

  • very full-bodied ale
  • strong flavor
  • distinct hoppiness
  • e.g., Bass No. 1 Barley Wine

15

Bitter Beer

  • bitter ale
  • hoppy
  • e.g., most British IPAs (Indian pale ales)

16

Cream Ale

  • light in body and color
  • mild
  • high level of carbonation
  • very little hop flavor
  • e.g., Six Point Sweet Action

17

Indian Pale Ale

  • very hoppy amber beer
  • medium-bodied
  • e.g., Fuller's Indian Pale Ale (IPA)

18

Porter

  • medium-bodied, dark ale
  • dry
  • roasted malt
  • e.g., Anchor Porter

19

Scottish Ale

  • full-bodied and dark
  • strong
  • sweet
  • malt aroma and flavor
  • e.g., MacAndrew's Scotch Ale

20

Stout

  • full-bodied, very dark ale
  • roasted flavor
  • e.g., Guinness

21

Witbier

  • fruity ale
  • pale and cloudy with medium body
  • malt
  • hops
  • e.g., Blue Moon Belgian-style White Ale

22

Hefeweizen

  • typically fruity ale
  • unfiltered wheat beer
  • light in color and body
  • banana
  • vanilla
  • e.g., Franziskaner

23

What is the right temperature at which to serve light beer and lager?

46 degrees Fahrenheit or lower

24

What is the right temperature at which to serve dark lager and wheat beer? 

about 50 degrees Fahrenheit

25

What is the right temperature at which to serve ales, stouts, and porters?

53-57 degrees Fahrenheit

26

What is the right temperature at which to serve very dark, strong beers?

58-62 degrees Fahrenheit

27

What distinguishes a light beer from regular beers?

lower alcohol content and less calories

28

In which country did Oktoberfest, an annual beer celebration, originate?

Germany

29

What is the world's approximate ratio of beer sales to wine and liquor sales?

7 to 1

Beer is the most popular adult beverage in the world

30

What is the oldest
trademark in history?

the Bass symbol, a red triangle registered in 1876

31

Which country has the most breweries in the world?

the United States,
with over 1,400 breweries

32

When was beer first mentioned in recorded history?

6,000 B.C.

Beer is documented on stone tablets in Sumeria and Babylonia, where it was prepared for sacrificial purposes.

33

How did ancient Babylonians regulate beer quality?

They drowned unfit brewers in their own beer

34

When was beer first bottled?

1850

35

True or false: the Pilgrims' landing on Plymouth Rock had something to do with beer.

True

  • According to the Mayflower's log, the crew settled on Plymouth Rock because they didn't want to dip any further into their beer supply while looking for a better site
  • Upon their arrival, they immediately built a common house, which included a brewery

36

On what day is the largest quantity of beer consumed in the United States?

the Fourth of July

37

What brewery created the first six-pack of beer?

the Pabst Brewery

In the 1940s, the brewery conducted numerous studies and found six cans were the ideal weight for the average housewife to carry home from the store

38

Which countries consume the most beer per capita?

  • Czech Republic (156.9 liters a year)
  • Ireland (131.1 liters a year)
  • Germany (115.8 liters a year)
  • Australia (109.9 liters a year)
  • Austria (108.3 liters a year)