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Flashcards in Hard Liquor and Spirits Deck (47):
1

What is the meaning of proof in alcohol?

  • A measure of the amount of alcohol in an alcoholic drink
  • Equal to twice the percentage of alcohol by volume

2

How many ounces are in a standard "shot" of liquor?

1.5 oz. or 45 mL

3

How much beer and wine contain as much alcohol as a 1.5-oz. "shot" of liquor?

  • 12-oz. beer
  • 6-oz. glass of wine

(based on standard 40% alcohol hard liquor)

4

What does it mean "to nose"
an alcohol?

To smell it in a particular way as to judge its aroma

5

Why was the concept of proof created?

To establish the authenticity of moonshine

Any liquid with 50% alcohol burns, so 50% alcohol is "100% proof," or real moonshine

6

What are the 3 most popular beverages in the world?

water, tea, and beer

7

What is the fermented
ingredient in wine?

Grapes

8

What is the fermented ingredient in sake?

Rice

Note: Sake is commonly called "rice wine."

9

What is the fermented
ingredient in beer?

Malted barley

10

Where did rum originate?

Either in ancient India or China

11

What is the fermented ingredient in rum?

Sugar cane byproducts:

  • molasses
  • sugar cane juices

12

What aromas should you look for when nosing a rum?

  • vanilla
  • caramel
  • butterscotch
  • tobacco
  • leather

13

What can you determine from the appearance of a rum?

Its age

The longer a rum ages, the darker it will be

14

What flavors should you
look for in rum?

  • caramel
  • brown sugar
  • tobacco
  • molasses
  • leather

15

What is the fermented
ingredient in gin?

Neutral grain spirits flavored with juniper

16

What aromas should you look for when nosing gin?

  • citrus
  • fruit
  • floral
  • earth
  • spice
  • wood

17

What is the proper way
to taste gin?

  1. Sip and let roll around the mouth before swallowing
  2. Pay attention to the warmth of the alcohol (you will be able to notice an array of flavors from the botanicals)
  3. Let the gin rest on your palate while exhaling through your nose (the result of the spirit should be smooth and creamy on the tongue with a long, soft taste)
  4. Swallow and pay close attention to the aftertaste

18

Should gin be completely clear when held up to the light?

If made from natural ingredients, gin need not be completely clear

19

What is the fermented ingredient in whiskey?

Dependent on the variety,
but can include:

  • barley
  • malted barley
  • rye
  • malted rye
  • wheat
  • maize (corn)

20

Scotch is a variety of what
type of liquor?

Whiskey

21

What was colonial America's largest and most prosperous industry?

The manufacture of rum

The first rum distillaries were in Staten Island, New York and Boston, Massachusetts

22

What is the fermented ingredient in vodka?

  • grain (usually rye or wheat)
  • potatoes, or
  • sugar beet molasses

23

Where does the word
vodka come from?

A diminutive version of the Russian word for water, "voda"

24

When and where was vodka invented?

14th century Russia

25

What should vodka look like?
 

A fine vodka has a thick and creamy texture when frozen

26

What should you look for in the nose of a vodka?

  • Good vodka: creamy, sweet, or grainy fragrance
  • Bad vodka: medicinal or aggressive with a harsh odor of ethyl spirits

27

What was North America's first indigenous distilled spirit?

Tequila

When the Conquistadors ran out of their own brandy, they began distilling the Aztecs' agave drink

28

What color should tequila be?

Clear, pale yellow, golden,
or golden brown

(Darker color indicates either extensive aging or the use of caramel coloring.)

29

What is the fermented ingredient in tequila?

Blue agave (not cacti)

30

What should you look for in the nose of a tequila?

  • agave
  • soil
  • oak
  • fruit
  • smoke

Note: “Agave intensity” is the term used to describe the amount of agave aroma in the tequila.

31

What kind of taste should you look for in a tequila?

A long finish and a nicely
complex aftertaste

32

What popular drinks use rum?

  • Rum and Coke
  • Rum Runner
  • Piña Colada
  • Tom and Jerry
  • Mai Tai
  • Zombie

33

What popular drinks use vodka?

  • Kamikaze
  • White Russian
  • Long Island Iced Tea
  • Lemon Drop

34

What popular drinks use gin?

  • Gin Martini
  • Gin and Juice
  • Gin and Tonic

35

Where did scotch likely originate?

Among ancient Celts

They produced a drink, known as uisge beatha ("water of life"), which evolved into Scotch whiskey

36

What is the proper way
to nose scotch?

  • Raise the glass of scotch slowly up to your nose until you begin to get a rich but not overpowering sense of the aroma
  • A few drops of water will release more components of the whiskey’s smell

37

Into which four distinct categories are Scotch whiskeys divided?

  1. single malt
  2. vatted malt (also called "pure malt")
  3. blended grain
  4. single grain

38

What should you look for in the appearance of scotch?

Its darkness is indicative of its age and the type of wood cask it was stored in

  • Hold the scotch up against a white background and examine the color and clarity
  • The richest scotches (and whiskeys in general) have the most prominent legs

39

What flavors should you look for in a Scotch?

  • iodine
  • brine
  • seaweed
  • florals

40

What is distinctive about scotch compared to other whiskeys?

According to Scottish regulations, it must be distilled and aged for at least three years and one day

41

Bourbon is a variety of what
type of liquor?

Whiskey

42

What is distinctive about bourbon compared to other types of whiskey?

Must have a 51% corn mixture in its fermented grains

43

How are sour mash whiskeys made?

Different kinds of grains are mashed together and fermented

44

What drink is mentioned in the Kojiki, the first written history of Japan (712)?

Sake

45

What liquor do these drinks
have in common?

  • Rum and Coke
  • Rum Runner
  • Piña Colada
  • Tom and Jerry
  • Mai Tai
  • Zombie

Rum

46

What liquor do these drinks
have in common?

  • Gin Martini
  • Gin and Juice
  • Gin and Tonic

Gin

47

What liquor do these drinks
have in common?

  • Kamikaze
  • Long Island Iced Tea
  • Lemon Drop
  • White Russian

Vodka