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Flashcards in Shakespeare (Basic) Deck (82):
1

Who is William Shakespeare, and why is he considered so significant?

A famous poet/playwright; creator of 38 major plays and 154 sonnets; has the most widely performed/translated works of any playwright and helped influence the standardization of the English language.

2

Where and in what time period did William Shakespeare live?

He lived from 1564 to 1616 in England. He was born in Strattford-upon-Avon, but he produced most of his great works in London.

3

"To be, or not to be: that is the question" - (Act III, Scene I)

Hamlet

4

"Neither a borrower nor a lender be; For loan oft loses both itself and friend, and borrowing dulls the edge of husbandry" - (Act I, Scene III)

Hamlet

5

"Though this be madness, yet there is method in 't." - (Act II, Scene II)

Hamlet

6

"All the world's a stage, and all the men and women merely players. They have their exits and their entrances; And one man in his time plays many parts." - (Act II, Scene VII)

As You Like It

7

"A horse! a horse! My kingdom for a horse!" - (Act V, Scene IV)

Richard III

8

"Good night, good night! Parting is such sweet sorrow, that I shall say good night till it be morrow." - (Act II, Scene II)

Romeo and Juliet

9

"What's in a name? That which we call a rose by any other name would smell as sweet." - (Act II, Scene II)

Romeo and Juliet

10

"But love is blind, and lovers cannot see." - (Act II, Scene VI)

The Merchant of Venice

11

"If you prick us, do we not bleed? If you tickle us, do we not laugh? If you poison us, do we not die? And if you wrong us, shall we not revenge?" - (Act III, Scene I)

The Merchant of Venice

12

"The better part of valour is discretion." - (Act V, Scene IV)

Henry IV, Part I

13

"Friends, Romans, countrymen, lend me your ears; I come to bury Caesar, not to praise him." - (Act III, Scene II)

Julius Caesar

14

"Be not afraid of greatness: some are born great, some achieve greatness, and some have greatness thrust upon them." - (Act II, Scene V)

Twelfth Night, or What Your Will

15

All's Well That Ends Well

Helena is rewarded for curing the king of France by being promised Count Bertram's hand in marriage. When he runs away from her out of unhappiness with the arrangement, she follows him to Italy and proves her devotion, thereby winning his affection.

16

Antony and Cleopatra

Marc Antony falls in love with Cleopatra in Egypt, angering his brother-in-law, Octavius. When Antony is defeated by Octavius' army, he kills himself, as does Cleopatra so as not to be forced to marry Octavius.

17

As You Like It

When the Duke is banished by his brother to the forest, he is joined by his daughter Rosalind (disguised as a boy, Ganymede) and her cousin Celia. Orlando arrives and reveals his love for Rosalind to Ganymede while confusion leads various people to come into dispute about who should marry whom. A resolution is reached when Rosalind reveals her true self, marries Orlando, and the Duke regains his crown.

18

The Comedy of Errors

The identical twins Antipholus and Antipholus and the identical twins Dromio and Dromio are separated in childhood and try to meet as adults, resulting in confusion due to cases of mistaken identity. Eventually they are happily reunited and the disputes that arose from those mistakes are resolved.

19

Coriolanus

Despite leading Rome to victory in battle, the aristocrat Coriolanus is driven away by the common people. He joins the enemy and plots revenge against Rome, ignoring the pleas of his mother and his wife, only to be killed by Aufidius for his treachery.

20

Cymbeline

King Cymbeline sends his sons, Guiderius and Arviragus, to be raised in the woods by Belarius and also banishes his daughter Imogen's husband. Imogen discovers her brothers and helps them reclaim the throne from their half-brother, Cloten, while having her loyalty tested by her husband, with whom she eventually reunites.

21

Hamlet

In order to avenge his father's death, Hamlet must kill his uncle, the new King Claudius, and to do so pretends to be mad. His plot results in the accidental murder of the father and brother of his beloved Ophelia, Ophelia's own suicide, and the deaths of the king, Hamlet's mother Gertrude, and even Hamlet himself.

22

Henry IV Part I and Part II

A rebellion against King Henry IV is led by a formerly loyal soldier, Henry Percy, who is eventually killed by the king's formerly irresponsible son, Prince Hal. In II, the king's second son John of Lancaster tricks and kills the remaining rebels, but when the king dies he is succeeded by Prince Hal.

23

Henry V

Henry V attacks France, claiming an inherent right to the throne, wins the love of the French princess and heiress, Katherine, and consequently succeeds in ruling over both Britain and France.

24

Henry VI Part I, Part II, and Part III

Dramatizes the historical War of the Roses, a famous war fought between British aristocrats represented by wearing opposing red and white roses, as well as including the story of Joan of Arc, whom the British encountered in France.

25

Henry VIII

Covers Henry VIII's infamous divorce from Catherine of Aragon and marriage to Anne Boleyn as well as the decline of Cardinal Wolsey and his nemesis, the Duke of Buckingham.

26

Julius Caesar

A group of Roman statesmen, including Cassius and Caesar's dear friend Brutus, plot to kill Caesar out of concern that he has become too powerful. Marc Antony publicly denounces the assassination, battles the fleeing conspirators, and rules over Rome as part of the triumvirate that succeeds Caesar.

27

King John

The weak King John is challenged by Prince Arthur with the support of France, leading to war and chaos, which is worsened by the Pope's denouncement of the king. John is eventually poisoned by monks and his supporter Philip Faulconbridge uses the situation to show England the danger of internal treachery.

28

King Lear

King Lear gives two of his daughters a portion of his land but rejects the third, Cordelia, who refuses to flatter him to get her share. Later, when he is betrayed by the first two, Cordelia returns to save his life, but is executed before Lear can realize his error, which leads him to die in sorrow.

29

Love's Labour's Lost

Although King Ferdinand and his three companions have sworn to reject romance and devote their years to studying, they each are charmed by and secretly court four French women (including the Princess of France). They end up having to confess to being unable to uphold the oath.

30

Macbeth

Macbeth, encouraged by the predictions of three witches and his cruel wife, murders King Duncan of Scotland and is crowned king himself. His wife goes insane and kills herself while Macbeth, after having gone mad with power, is punished for his many murder's by Malcolm, Duncan's son, and is slain by Macduff.

31

Measure for Measure

Angelo is hired by Duke Vincentio of Vienna to stamp out immorality, so he sentences Claudio to death for seducing Juliet. But when Claudio's sister Isabella pleads for his life, Angelo falls for and seduces her, leading Vincentio to scold him and reunite the other couple upon discovering the hypocrisy.

32

The Merchant of Venice

Antonio cannot repay Shylock's loan which he used to help his friend Bossanio court the lovely Portia and so is asked to pay the "pound of flesh" of interest previously agreed upon. Portia disguises herself as a man and successfully defends Antonio in a trial, saving his life.

33

The Merry Wives of Windsor

In pursuit of money, Falstaff simultaneously courts Mistress Page and Mistress Ford. When the two compare notes and discover his treachery, they play tricks on him and finally forgive him.

34

A Midsummer Night's Dream

While a group of players rehearse their performance for a wedding to be attended by the fairy Queen Titania, her husband King Oberon decides to punish her by ordering Puck to make her fall in love with one of the players (whom Puck has turned into a donkey) using a love potion. It also leads a group of two young men and two young women to fall in love with the wrong people until Puck resolves all the problems he had caused.

35

Much Ado About Nothing

Benedick and Beatrice are set up together by their friends while Claudio and Hero struggle to remain together despite the lies and plots of those who seek to break them up. The two couples end up happily together after the usually inept Constable Dogberry foils Don John's plans.

36

Othello

When the Moorish general Othello makes his friend Cassio chief lieutenant, the jealous Iago accuses Othello's wife Desdemona of cheating with Cassio, leading Othello to murder her. When he discovers Iago's plot, he kills himself at his wife's side.

37

Pericles

Prince Pericles is forced to leave his homeland of Tyre so as not to be killed by the king and marries Thaisa, princess of Pentapolis. Thaisa gives birth to Marina, and both mother and daughter are lost at sea when Pericles tries to return to Tyre with his family. But, he reunites with Marina years later and learns that his wife is also alive.

38

Richard II

King Richard II exiles his cousin Henry Bolingbroke and uses Henry's dead father's money to bankroll his wars. While Richard is in Ireland, Bolingbroke returns and usurps power, executing Richard on his return and becoming Henry IV.

39

Richard III

When Edward IV dies, his son Richard does everything possible to secure the crown including murdering his brother George, his father's widow, her two young sons, and the Duke of Buckingham. He is finally killed by Henry Tudor who becomes Henry VII.

40

Romeo and Juliet

While their families feud, the young Romeo and Juliet are secretly married only to be separated when Romeo is banished from Verona for killing Juliet's cousin Tybalt. Rather than marry Paris, Juliet choses to fake her own death, leading Romeo to kill himself when he arrives to save her, thus leading her to kill herself in turn when she wakes and sees his body.

41

The Taming of the Shrew

Baptista forbids his daughter Bianca to marry before his ill-tempered daughter Katharina finds a husband. Petruchio chooses to marry and "tame" her while Bianca is made free to marry Lucentio.

42

The Tempest

Prospero lives alone on an island with his daughter Miranda and his magical servants. He uses his magic to shipwreck the men who banished him onto the island and make them apologize. Prince Ferdinand, who was accompanying the shipwrecked crew, falls in love with Miranda. They all return to Italy and live happily ever after.

43

Timon of Athens

When the rich Timon of Athens finally wastes the last of his wealth, he learns that his friends are fake and greedy and becomes a hermit as a result of his disgust with society. One of his few true friends, Alcibiades, is banished from Athens for a crime of passion and returns after visiting Timon to exact revenge for both of them.

44

Titus Andronicus

Titus gives King Saturninus the prisoner Tamora to be his wife, but she avenges the sons that Titus killed by allowing his daughter, Lavinia, to be raped by her two other sons, Demetrius and Chiron. Titus eventually kills the sons and feeds them to Tamora and Saturninus, kills his daughter as well as Tamora, and is killed by the king, who is then killed by Titus's son, Lucius.

45

Troilus and Cressida

The Trojan soldier Troilus goes into the Greeks' camp during a truce to look for his beloved Cressida, who has been taken prisoner, but finds that she has cheated on him with a Greek soldier. The battle then resumes when Hector, Troilus's brother, is killed by Achilles.

46

Twelfth Night, or What You Will

Duke Orsino is in love with Olivia, who is in love with his new page, who is actually a woman in disguise, Viola. Viola is in love with Orsino and marries him once her twin brother, Sebastian, meets Olivia.

47

The Two Gentlemen of Verona

In Milan, Proteus betrays his beloved Julia for Sylvia, his friend Valentine's lover, and so has his friend banished, leading Sylvia to leave as well. Proteus follows her and is followed by Julia disguised as a man, who reminds him of his love for her, resulting in the reunion of the two couples.

48

A Winter's Tale

King Leontes imprisons his wife, Hermione, for supposedly cheating on him with his childhood friend King Polixenes, who flees. Hermione gives birth to a child in prison who grows up to marry Polixene's son. She reunites with both her parents when it is revealed that Hermione, previously thought dead, was actually hiding as a statue during that time.

49

Which Shakespeare comedy is about a woman who is rewarded for curing the king of France by being promised the man of her choice's hand in marriage?

All's Well That Ends Well

50

Which Shakespeare tragedy is about a Roman man who falls in love with the Egyptian queen, angering his brother-in-law, the ruler Octavius?

Antony and Cleopatra

51

Which Shakespeare comedy is about a Duke who is banished by his brother to the forest and is joined by his daughter Rosalind (disguised as a boy, Ganymede) and her cousin Celia?

As You Like It

52

Which Shakespeare comedy is about the identical twins Antipholus and Antipholus and the identical twins Dromio and Dromio who are separated in childhood and try to meet as adults, resulting in confusion due to cases of mistaken identity?

The Comedy of Errors

53

Which Shakespeare tragedy is about an aristocrat who, despite leading Rome to victory in battle, is driven away by the common people and joins the enemy to plot revenge against Rome, ignoring the pleas of his mother and his wife, only to be killed by Aufidius for his treachery?

Coriolanus

54

Which Shakespeare comedy is about a king who sends his sons, Guiderius and Arviragus, to be raised in the woods by Belarius and also banishes his daughter Imogen's husband?

Cymbeline

55

Which Shakespeare tragedy is about a prince who, in order to avenge his father's death, must kill his uncle and so pretends to be mad?

Hamlet

56

Which Shakespeare histories relate a rebellion against the king of England which is lead by a formerly loyal soldier, Henry Percy, who is eventually killed by the king's formerly irresponsible son, Prince Hal?

Henry IV Part I and Part II

57

Which Shakespeare history is about a king who attacks France, claiming an inherent right to the throne, wins the love of the French Princess and heiress, Katherine, and consequently succeeds in ruling over both Britain and France?

Henry V

58

Which Shakespeare history dramatizes the historical War of the Roses, a famous war fought between Birtish aristocrats represented by wearing opposing red and white roses, as well as including the story of Joan of Arc, whom the British encountered in France?

Henry VI Part I, PartII, and Part III

59

Which Shakespeare history describes the king of England's infamous divorce from Catherine of Aragon and marriage to Anne Boleyn as well as the decline of Cardinal Wolsey and his nemesis, The Duke of Buckingham?

Henry VIII

60

Which Shakespeare comedy is about a group of Roman statesmen, including Cassius and Brutus, who plot to kill their ruler out of concern that he has become too powerful?

Julius Caesar

61

Which Shakespeare history is about a weak king who is challenged by Prince Arthur with the support of France and denounced by the Pope, leading to war and chaos in England?

King John

62

Which Shakespeare tragedy is about a king who gives two of his daughters a portion of his land, rejects the third (Cordelia, who refuses to flatter him to get her share) and eventually kills her when she returns to attempt to save his life?

King Lear

63

Which Shakespeare comedy is about a young king and his three companions who have sworn to reject romance and devote their years to studying, but are each charmed by and secretly end up courting four French woman (including the Princess of France)?

Love's Labour's Lost

64

Which Shakespeare tragedy is about a man who, encouraged by the predictions of three witches and his cruel wife, murders King Duncan of Scotland and is crowned king himself only to be slain by the late Duncan's son, Macduff?

Macbeth

65

Which Shakespeare comedy is about Angelo, a man hired by the Duke of Vienna to get rid of immorality, who sentences a man to death but then falls in love with his sister when she pleads for her brother's life?

Measure for Measure

66

Which Shakespeare comedy is about a man who cannot repay a moneylender's loan which he used to help his friend court the lovely Portia and so is asked to pay the "pound of flesh" of interest previously agreed upon?

The Merchant of Venice

67

Which Shakespeare comedy is about a man who, in an attempt to acquire money, simultaneously courts two different women who discover his treachery but finally forgive him?

The Merry Wives of Windsor

68

Which Shakespeare comedy is about a group of players who rehearse their performance for a wedding to be attended by the fairy queen while her husband tries to punish her by making her fall in love with a player transformed into a donkey?

A Midsummer Night's Dream

69

Which Shakespeare comedy is about a couple that struggles to remain together despite the lies and plots of Don John, who seeks to break it up?

Much Ado About Nothing

70

Which Shakespeare tragedy is about a Moorish general who makes his friend Cassio chief lieutenant, leading the jealous Iago to accuse the general's wife Desdemona of cheating with Cassio?

Othello

71

Which Shakespeare comedy is about a prince who is forced to leave his homeland of Tyre, marries Princess Thaisa, and is eventually reunited with her and his daughter after they are lost at sea?

Pericles

72

Which Shakespeare history is about a king who exiles his cousin Henry Bolingbroke only to be executed by him upon his return from Ireland?

Richard II

73

Which Shakespeare history is about Edward IV's son murderous quest for power leads him to kill his brother George, his father's widow, her two young sons, and the Duke of Buckingham?

Richard III

74

Which Shakespeare tragedy is about a young couple that secretly marries despite their families' feud only to be separated when the husband is banished from Verona for killing the wife's cousin, Tybalt?

Romeo and Juliet

75

Which Shakespeare comedy is about a father who forbids his daughter Bianca to marry before his ill-tempered daughter Katharina finds a husband?

The Taming of the Shrew

76

Which Shakespeare comedy is about a man who lives alone on an island with his daughter Miranda and his magical servants and who shipwrecks the men who banished him by magic?

The Tempest

77

Which Shakespeare tragedy is about a man who, when he finally wastes the last of his wealth, learns that his friends are fake and greedy and becomes a hermit as a result of his disgust with society? One of his few true friends, Alcibiades is banished from the town for a crime of passion and returns after visiting the man to get revenge for the both of them.

Timon of Athens

78

Which Shakespeare tragedy is about a soldier who gives his king the prisoner Tamora to be his wife, but is punished when she avenges the sons that the soldier killed by allowing his daughter, Lavinia, to be raped by her two other sons, Demetrius and Chiron?

Titus Andronicus

79

Which Shakespeare tragedy is about a Trojan soldier who goes into the Greeks' camp during a truce to look for his beloved, who has been taken prisoner, but finds that she has cheated on him with a Greek soldier?

Troilus and Cressida

80

Which Shakespeare comedy is about a duke who is in love with one woman, who is in turn in love with his new page, who is actually another woman in disguise?

Twelfth Night, or What You Will

81

Which Shakespeare comedy is set in Milan and involves a man who betrays his beloved Julia for Sylvia, his friend's lover, banishes his friend, and causes Sylvia to leave as well?

The Two Gentlemen of Verona

82

Which Shakespeare comedy is about a king who accuses his wife, Hermione, of an affair with his childhood friend and imprisons her?

A Winter's Tale