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Flashcards in Art Movements Deck (26):

the Ashcan School.

  • country of origin: United States
  • era: early 20th century
  • gritty paintings of urban, lower-class scenes from New York
  • notable artists: Robert Henri, Edward Hopper
  • notable works: Snow in New York by Robert Henri (1902) and McSorley's Bar by John Sloan (1912)


the Art Deco movement.

  • country of origin: France
  • era: 1920s to 1940s
  • popular international movement that affected art, architecture, and industrial design; known for bold, geometric designs and strong motion
  • notable artists: Norman Bel Geddes, Tamara de Lempicka
  • notable works: The Chrysler Building by William Van Alen (1930) and The S.S. Normandie by Adolphe Cassandre (1935)


the Art Nouveau movement.

  • countries of origin: France and Germany
  • era: turn of the 20th century
  • means "new art" in French; known for flowery designs, whiplash curves, natural forms, peacocks, and celebration of women.
  • notable artists: Theophile Steinlen, Aubrey Beardsley
  • notable works: The Peacock Skirt by Aubrey Beardsley (1892) and Job poster by Alphonse Mucha (1897)


Abstract Expressionism.

  • country of origin: United States
  • era: 1940s
  • emphasized free form, spontaneous creation on large canvases
  • notable artists: Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning
  • notable works: The Street by Philip Guston (1977) and No. 5 by Jackson Pollock (1948)


the Surrealism art movement.

  • country of origin: France
  • era: 1920s
  • explored irrational, absurd themes through odd juxtapositions
  • notable artists: Salvador Dali, Rene Magritte
  • notable works: The Persistence of Memory by Salvador Dali (1931) and Son of Man by Rene Magritte (1964)


Abstract Art.

  • country of origin: Germany
  • era: early 20th century
  • forms of color and shapes that intend to break away from traditional art of physical objects
  • notable artists: Wassily Kandinsky, Piet Mondrian
  • notable works: On White IIby Wassily Kandinsky (1923) and Composition No. 10 (Pier and Ocean)by Piet Mondrian (1942)


Baroque art.

  • country of origin: Italy
  • era: 16th century to 18th century
  • the main art and architectural movement of the era, encouraged by the Roman Catholic Church; religious themes were expressed and biblical scenes were the core motif
  • notable artists: Gian Lorenzo Bernini, Peter Paul Rubens
  • notable works: Adoration of the Magiby Peter Paul Rubens (1624) and The Ecstasy of Saint Theresa by Gian Lorenzo Bernini (1652)


the Bauhaus art movement.

  • country of origin: Germany
  • era: early 20th Century
  • school of design based in Weimar and looked down upon by the Nazis; combined art and architecture and emphasized geometric designs and functionality
  • notable artists: Walter Gropius and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
  • notable works: Staatliches Bauhaus Ausstellung (poster)by Joost Schmidt (1923) and Ashtrayby Marianne Brandt (1924)


the Brandywine School of art.

  • country of origin: United States
  • era: late 19th century
  • style that displayed scenes of adventures and romances
  • notable artists: Howard Pyle, Anton Otto Fischer
  • Howard Pyle's Book of Pirates by Howard Pyle (1921) and The Birdwatcher by Anton Otto Fischer (1927)



  • country of origin: France
  • era: early 20th century
  • realistic subjects are broken and reassembled to form a fractured, geometrical look
  • notable artists: Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque
  • notable works: Woman with a Guitar by Georges Braque (1913) and Les Demoiselles d'Avignon by Pablo Picasso (1907)


Russian Constructivism.

  • country of origin: Russia
  • era: early 20th century
  • tooled art to social purposes; included a cut-paper style to give illiterate citizens a social message
  • notable artists: El Lissitzky and Alexander Rodchenko
  • notable works: Russian Exhibition Poster in Zurich by El Lissitzky (1929) and Lilya Brik Portrait by Alexander Rodchenko (1924)


Dada art.

  • country of origin: Switzerland
  • era: early 20th century
  • reaction against World War I; rejected traditional art, emphasized shock and self-awareness toward society
  • notable artists: Marcel Duchamp and Jean Arp
  • notable works: Fountain by Marcel Duchamp (1917) and Nude Descending a Staircase No. 2 by Marcel Duchamp (1912)


the Expressionism art movement.

  • country of origin: Germany
  • era: early 20th century
  • known for taking reality and changing it to express an emotional effect; vivid color and strong lines
  • notable artists: Vincent Van Gogh, Edvard Munch
  • notable works: The Starry Night by Vincent Van Gogh (1889) and The Scream by Edvard Munch (1893)



  • country of origin: Italy
  • era: early 20th century
  • an artistic movement similar to Cubism meant to reject old Italian traditions and display power, movement, and machinery
  • notable artists: Giacomo Bella, Umberto Boccioni
  • notable works: Cyclist by Natalia Goncharova (1913) and Unique Forms of Continuity in Space by Umberto Boccioni (1913)


the Graffiti style of art.

  • country of origin: United States
  • era: mid-1970s to present
  • any type of marking or lettering on public property; known for use of spray paint and bubble letters
  • notable artists: Futura 2000, Banksy
  • notable works: Obey Giant by Shepard Fairey (1990) and Great Wave Mural by Big City Freaks (2000)


the Renaissance art movement.

  • country of origin: Italy
  • era: 14th to 17th century
  • great revival of art from the medieval ages that put emphasis on humanism and architecture; developed linear perspective and more realistic human forms
  • notable artists: Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci
  • notable works: David by Michelangelo (1504) and Mona Lisa by Leonardo da Vinci (1506)



  • country of origin: France
  • era: 19th century
  • known for short brush strokes, vivid lighting effects, and soft, humanist subjects
  • notable artists: Claud Monet, Edgar Degas
  • notable works: Dancer with a Bouquet of Flowers(Star of the Ballet)by Edgar Degas (1878) and On the Terrace by Pierre-Auguste Renoir (1881)



  • country of origin: United States
  • era: 1960s
  • reaction against abstract expressionism; emphasized simplification of form, mostly geometrical
  • notable artists: Tony Smith, Frank Stella
  • notable works: Free Ride by Tony Smith (1962) and Bronze Gate by Robert Morris (2005)


the Pointillism art movement.

  • country of origin: France
  • era: late 19th century
  • used small dots or strokes in order to create the impression of larger forms
  • notable artists: Georges Seurat, Chuck Close
  • notable works: La Parade de Cirque byGeorges Seurat (1889) and Cypress Trees at Cagnes by Henri-Edmond Cross (1908)


Pop Art.

  • country of origin: England
  • era: 1950s to 1960s
  • used icons of pop culture (name brands, celebrities, etc.) and combined them with fine art
  • notable artists: Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein
  • notable works: Campbell's Soup I by Andy Warhol (1968) and Still Life #28 by Tom Wesselmann (1963)



  • country of origin: United States
  • era: 1960s to 1970s
  • style of painting and sculpture that intended to perfectly reproduce a photo as closely as possible
  • notable artists: Richard Estes, Ralph Goings
  • notable works: Telephone Booths by Richard Estes (1968) and Ralph's Diner by Ralph Goings (1982)


De Stijl art.

  • country of origin: Netherlands
  • era: early 20th century
  • used black, white, and primary colors (red, blue, and yellow); geometrical shapes and asymmetry were also a part of the style
  • notable artists: Theo van Doesburg, Gerrit Rietveld
  • notable works: Red and Blue Chair by Gerrit Rietveld (1923) and Arithmetische Compositie by Theo van Doesburg (1924)



  • country of origin: France
  • era: late 19th century
  • a variation on impressionism that retained distinct brushstrokes and attention to lighting, but moved toward greater expressiveness and abstraction
  • notable artists: Paul Cézanne, Roger Fry
  • notable works: Breton Women in the Meadowby Émile Bernard (1888) and The Siestaby Paul Gauguin (1894)



  • country of origin: France
  • era: late 18th century
  • reaction against the Englightenment and Industrial Revolution; emphasized the individual and the emotional power of landscapes
  • notable artists: William Blake, Johan Christian Dahl
  • notable works: Shipwreck by Claude Joseph Vernet (1759) and Wanderer Above the Sea of Fog by Caspar David Friedrich (1818)


Woodblock Print (Ukiyo-e) art.

  • country of origin: China
  • era: Han Dynasty (220 AD)
  • technique of printing art and text onto paper; used to record events in history and illustrate landscapes and courtesan life
  • notable artists: Hiroshige, Nishikawa Sukenobu
  • notable works: Shoki zu by Okumura Masanobu (1751) and Man on Horseback Crossing a Bridge by Hiroshige (1842)


the Rococo artistic style.

  • country of origin: France
  • era: 18th century
  • French style of art and interior design; known for complex, flowery furniture, statues, and paintings
  • notable artists: François Boucher, Thomas Gainsborough
  • notable works: Queluz National Palace by Mateus Vicente de Oliveira (1755) and The Breakfastby François Boucher (1739)