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Flashcards in Major Modern American Artists Deck (64):
1

Robert Henri

  • 1865-1929
  • Leading figure in the Ashcan School of art
  • Education: Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Académie Julian, and the École des Beaux Arts
  • depicted quick, sketchy paint style of urban scenes
  • Notable works: Salome (1909) and Portrait of Fay Bainter (1918)

2

Georgia O'Keeffe

  • 1887-1986
  • Education: School of the Art Institute of Chicago, Art Students League, University of Virginia summer school
  • Painted nature, especially desert areas
  • Notable works: Cowskull with Calico Roses (1931) and Series 1, no 8 (1919)

3

Andy Warhol

  • 1928-1987
  • Education: School of Fine Arts in Carnegie Institute of Technology
  • Known for graphic illustrations and synonymous with pop art
  • Notable works: Campbell's Soup I (1968) and Turqoise Marilyn (1964)

4

Andrew Wyeth

  • 1917-2009 (son of N.C. Wyeth)
  • Education: Learned from father and other artists such as Winslow Homer
  • Painted many American landscapes and people
  • Notable works: Long Limb (1939) and Christina's World (1948)

5

Mark Rothko

  • 1903-1970
  • Education: Yale, New School of Design, Art Students League of New York
  • Abstract expressionist painter
  • Notable works: No. 3/No.13 (1949) and Orange and Yellow (1956)

6

Norman Rockwell

  • 1894-1978
  • Education: Chase Art School, National Academy of Design, Art Students League
  • Famous painter, made many cover illustrations
  • Notable works: Save Freedom of Speech (1942) and Triple Self-Portrait (1960)

7

Roy Lichtenstein

  • 1923-1997
  • Education: Art Students League of New York, Ohio State University
  • Pop artist with a comic book style
  • Notable works: Drowning Girl (1963) and Whaam! (1963)

8

Jackson Pollock

  • 1912-1956
  • Education: Los Angeles' Manual Arts School, Art Students League of New York
  • Famous for abstract expressionism, developed the technique of pouring and dripping paint
  • Notable works: Number 31 (1950) and Blue Poles (1952)

9

Alex Katz

  • 1927-
  • Education: The Cooper Union, Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture
  • Figural portrait artist associated with pop art
  • Notable works: Vincent with Open Mouth (1970) and Pas de Deux (1983)

10

Chuck Close

  • 1940-
  • Education: University of Washington, Yale University
  • Photorealist painter, known for making huge detailed portraits of his friends
  • Notable works: Lucas (1987) and Mark (1979)

11

Christo (born Christo Vladimirov Javacheff)

  • 1935-
  • Education: Sofia Academy, Vienna Academy of Fine Arts
  • Christo and his wife, Jeanne-Claude, are famous for making large scale outdoor exhibits
  • Notable works: Umbrellas (1991)andThe Gates(2005)

12

Keith Haring

  • 1958-1990
  • Education: Ivy School of Professional Art, School of Visual Arts
  • Social artist known for street culture art
  • Notable works: Keith Haring Invited You to The Second Annual "Part of Life" at the Palladium (1985) and Icons (Radiant Beauty) (1990)

13

Alexander Calder

  • 1898-1976
  • Education: Stevens Institute of Technology, Art Students' League
  • Known for mobiles and large outdoor sculptures
  • Notable works: Red Mobile (1956) and Crinkly avec disc rouge (1973)

14

Edward Hopper

  • 1882-1967
  • Education: took influence from Robert Henri, the Ashcan school
  • Realist painter
  • Notable works: Nighthawks (1962) and Automat (1927)

15

Robert Indiana

  • 1928-
  • Education: Arsenal Technical High School
  • Pop artist known for large sculptures/paintings of simples words or numbers
  • Notable works: LOVE (1964) and The X-5 (1963)

16

Jasper Johns

  • 1930-
  • Education: University of South Carolina, Pasons School of Design
  • Contemporary painter and printmaker known for using collage and paint techniques
  • Notable works: Flag (1955) and Mixed Metaphor (1960)

17

Jacob Lawrence

  • 1917-2000
  • Education: Harlem Art Workshop, American Artists School
  • Cubist painter, depicted scenes in Harlem
  • Notable works: The Library (1960) andSelf-Portrait(1977)

18

Isamu Noguchi

  • 1904-1988
  • Education: Columbia University, Leonardo da Vinci Art School
  • Japanese-American artist known for large outdoor sculptures
  • Notable works: Red Cube (1968) and Black Sun (1969)

19

Sean Scully

  • 1945-
  • Education: London's Croydon College of Art, Newcastle University, Harvard University
  • Irish-American artist known for making gridular paintings of stripes
  • Notable works:Wall of Light Desert Night(1999) andWall of Light Summer (2005)

20

Richard Serra

  • 1939-
  • Education: University of California, Yale University
  • Minimalist sculptor
  • Notable works: Fulcrum (1987) and The Matter of Time (2005)

21

Charles Sheeler

  • 1883-1965
  • Education: University of the Arts, Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts
  • Modernist painter and photgrapher who used a precise linear style in his work
  • Notable works: Amoskeag Canal (1948) and Architectural Cadences Number 4 (1954)

22

Robert Smithson

  • 1973-
  • Education: Art Students League of New York
  • One of the leaders of "land art", large outdoor works made of earthy materials such as rock and glass
  • Notable works: Spiral Jetty (1970) and Spiral Hill (1971)

23

Frank Stella

  • 1936-
  • Education: Princeton University
  • Significant figure in minimal and abstract painting
  • Notable works: Memantra (2005) and Severinda (2005)

24

Wayne Thiebaud

  • 1920-
  • Education: Sacramento State College
  • Pop artist who depicted many superficial objects such as pastries and lipstick
  • Notable works:Pies, Pies, Pies(1961) andThree Machines (1963)

25

Grant Wood

  • 1891-1942
  • Education: School of the Art Institute of Chicago
  • Painter who depicted the rural American Midwest
  • Notable works: American Gothic (1930) and Stone City (1930)

26

Aschcan School of Design

 

  • realistic artistic movement which mainly depicted scenes of impoverished and gritty urban New York
  • famous artist: Robert Henri

 

27

Photo-Secession

  • early 20th-century movement whose goal was to make photography be considered a legitimate art form alongside painting
  • famous artist: Alfred Stieglitz

28

American Realism

 

  • a turn of the century movement that emphasized paintings of what was considered "real"
  • similar to Ashcan School, it often depicted sprawling urban life
  • famous artists: Winslow Homer, Thomas Eakins

 

29

Southwest Art

 

  • artists who started painting the natural scenic landscapes of the Southwest (often Easterners who moved west)
  • famous artists: Georgia O' Keeffe, Walter Ufer, and William Henry Jackson

 

30

Harlem Renaissance

 

  • an emergence of African-American artists concentrated in Harlem, New York City
  • famous artists: Jacob Lawrence, Charles Alston

 

31

Abstract Expressionism

  • a huge art movement following World War II that emphasized surrealism and abstraction
  • famous artists: Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Willem de Kooning

 

32

Pop Art

 

  • an art movement that developed in the United States and Britain in the 1950's
  • combined styles of fine, European art, with icons of pop culture such as celebrities, comics, and consumer products
  • famous artists: Andy Warhol, Jasper Johns, and Roy Lichtenstein

 

33

  • 1865-1929
  • Leading figure in the Ashcan School of art
  • Education: Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Académie Julian, and the École des Beaux Arts
  • depicted quick, sketchy paint style of urban scenes
  • Notable works: Salome (1909) and Portrait of Fay Bainter (1918)

Robert Henri

34

  • 1887-1986
  • Education: School of the Art Institute of Chicago, Art Students League, University of Virginia summer school
  • Painted nature, especially desert areas
  • Notable works: Cowskull with Calico Roses (1931) and Series 1, no 8 (1919)

Georgia O'Keeffe

35

  • 1928-1987
  • Education: School of Fine Arts in Carnegie Institute of Technology
  • Known for graphic illustrations and synonymous with pop art
  • Notable works: Campbell's Soup I (1968) and Turqoise Marilyn (1964)

Andy Warhol

36

  • 1917-2009 (son of N.C. Wyeth)
  • Education: Learned from father and other artists such as Winslow Homer
  • Painted many American landscapes and people
  • Notable works: Long Limb (1939) and Christina's World (1948)

Andrew Wyeth

37

  • 1903-1970
  • Education: Yale, New School of Design, Art Students League of New York
  • Abstract expressionist painter
  • Notable works: No. 3/No.13 (1949) and Orange and Yellow (1956)

Mark Rothko

38

  • 1894-1978
  • Education: Chase Art School, National Academy of Design, Art Students League
  • Famous painter, made many cover illustrations
  • Notable works: Save Freedom of Speech (1942) and Triple Self-Portrait (1960)

Norman Rockwell

39

  • 1923-1997
  • Education: Art Students League of New York, Ohio State University
  • Pop artist with a comic book style
  • Notable works: Drowning Girl (1963) and Whaam! (1963)

Roy Lichtenstein

40

  • 1912-1956
  • Education: Los Angeles' Manual Arts School, Art Students League of New York
  • Famous for abstract expressionism, developed the technique of pouring and dripping paint
  • Notable works: Number 31 (1950) and Blue Poles (1952)

Jackson Pollock

41

  • 1927-
  • Education: The Cooper Union, Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture
  • Figural portrait artist associated with pop art
  • Notable works: Vincent with Open Mouth (1970) and Pas de Deux (1983)

Alex Katz

42

  • 1940-
  • Education: University of Washington, Yale University
  • Photorealist painter, known for making huge detailed portraits of his friends
  • Notable works: Lucas (1987) and Mark (1979)

Chuck Close

43

  • 1935-
  • Education: Sofia Academy, Vienna Academy of Fine Arts
  • Christo and his wife, Jeanne-Claude, are famous for making large scale outdoor exhibits
  • Notable works: Umbrellas (1991)andThe Gates(2005)

Christo (born Christo Vladimirov Javacheff)

44

  • 1958-1990
  • Education: Ivy School of Professional Art, School of Visual Arts
  • Social artist known for street culture art
  • Notable works: Keith Haring Invited You to The Second Annual "Part of Life" at the Palladium (1985) and Icons (Radiant Beauty) (1990)

Keith Haring

45

  • 1898-1976
  • Education: Stevens Institute of Technology, Art Students' League
  • Known for mobiles and large outdoor sculptures
  • Notable works: Red Mobile (1956) and Crinkly avec disc rouge (1973)

Alexander Calder

46

  • 1882-1967
  • Education: took influence from Robert Henri, the Ashcan school
  • Realist painter
  • Notable works: Nighthawks (1962) and Automat (1927)

Edward Hopper

47

  • 1928-
  • Education: Arsenal Technical High School
  • Pop artist known for large sculptures/paintings of simples words or numbers
  • Notable works: LOVE (1964) and The X-5 (1963)

Robert Indiana

48

  • 1930-
  • Education: University of South Carolina, Pasons School of Design
  • Contemporary painter and printmaker known for using collage and paint techniques
  • Notable works: Flag (1955) and Mixed Metaphor (1960)

Jasper Johns

49

  • 1917-2000
  • Education: Harlem Art Workshop, American Artists School
  • Cubist painter, depicted scenes in Harlem
  • Notable works: The Library (1960) andSelf-Portrait(1977)

Jacob Lawrence

50

  • 1904-1988
  • Education: Columbia University, Leonardo da Vinci Art School
  • Japanese-American artist known for large outdoor sculptures
  • Notable works: Red Cube (1968) and Black Sun (1969)

Isamu Noguchi

51

  • 1945-
  • Education: London's Croydon College of Art, Newcastle University, Harvard University
  • Irish-American artist known for making gridular paintings of stripes
  • Notable works:Wall of Light Desert Night(1999) andWall of Light Summer (2005)

Sean Scully

52

  • 1939-
  • Education: University of California, Yale University
  • Minimalist sculptor
  • Notable works: Fulcrum (1987) and The Matter of Time (2005)

Richard Serra

53

  • 1883-1965
  • Education: University of the Arts, Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts
  • Modernist painter and photgrapher who used a precise linear style in his work
  • Notable works: Amoskeag Canal (1948) and Architectural Cadences Number 4 (1954)

Charles Sheeler

54

  • 1973-
  • Education: Art Students League of New York
  • One of the leaders of "land art", large outdoor works made of earthy materials such as rock and glass
  • Notable works: Spiral Jetty (1970) and Spiral Hill (1971)

Robert Smithson

55

  • 1936-
  • Education: Princeton University
  • Significant figure in minimal and abstract painting
  • Notable works: Memantra (2005) and Severinda (2005)

Frank Stella

56

  • 1920-
  • Education: Sacramento State College
  • Pop artist who depicted many superficial objects such as pastries and lipstick
  • Notable works:Pies, Pies, Pies(1961) andThree Machines (1963)

Wayne Thiebaud

57

  • 1891-1942
  • Education: School of the Art Institute of Chicago
  • Painter who depicted the rural American Midwest
  • Notable works: American Gothic (1930) and Stone City (1930)

Grant Wood

58

 

  • realistic artistic movement which mainly depicted scenes of impoverished and gritty urban New York
  • famous artist: Robert Henri

 

Aschcan School of Design

59

  • early 20th-century movement whose goal was to make photography be considered a legitimate art form alongside painting
  • famous artist: Alfred Stieglitz

Photo-Secession

60

 

  • a turn of the century movement that emphasized paintings of what was considered "real"
  • similar to Ashcan School, it often depicted sprawling urban life
  • famous artists: Winslow Homer, Thomas Eakins

 

American Realism

61

 

  • artists who started painting the natural scenic landscapes of the Southwest (often Easterners who moved west)
  • famous artists: Georgia O' Keeffe, Walter Ufer, and William Henry Jackson

 

Southwest Art

62

 

  • an emergence of African-American artists concentrated in Harlem, New York City
  • famous artists: Jacob Lawrence, Charles Alston

 

Harlem Renaissance

63

  • a huge art movement following World War II that emphasized surrealism and abstraction
  • famous artists: Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Willem de Kooning

 

Abstract Expressionism

64

 

  • an art movement that developed in the United States and Britain in the 1950's
  • combined styles of fine, European art, with icons of pop culture such as celebrities, comics, and consumer products
  • famous artists: Andy Warhol, Jasper Johns, and Roy Lichtenstein

 

Pop Art