Bilinguialism Flashcards Preview

Developmental Psych > Bilinguialism > Flashcards

Flashcards in Bilinguialism Deck (22):
1

What are the positives of early bilingual experience?

Better performance on tests of cognitive flexibility, divergent thinking, and metalinguistic awareness

2

Academic performance of bilingual children is influenced by what factors?

Age of second language acquisition, community support, and academic services; for example, children not proficient in native language abruptly submerged in "English-only" educational environment risk semi-lingualism or inadequate proficiency in both languages

3

What is "code switching"?

Changing to another language in conversation

4

What are some of the functions of code switching in bilingual or multilingual speakers?

(1) If bilingual speaker cannot express self adequately in one language (can't remember a word or phrase)
(2) Switch to minority language as sign of solidarity with that group
(3) A way to express his/her attitude toward the listener (e.g., friendly, angry, distant); for example, parent may ask child to do something in one language and when child doesn't comply, parent may express dissatisfaction by repeating in another language

5

Discuss controversy in bilingual education

Major problem in evaluating effects is existing programs vary widely in terms of teacher experience, school resources, and SES backgrounds of students which all confound study results

6

Results of bilingual program overall

In comparison to peers in English-only programs, children in good-quality bilingual programs do as well in acquiring English skills and learn subject matter as well or even better.

7

What is "code switching"?

Changing to another language in conversation

8

What are some of the functions of code switching in bilingual or multilingual speakers?

(1) If bilingual speaker cannot express self adequately in one language (can't remember a word or phrase)
(2) Switch to minority language as sign of solidarity with that group
(3) A way to express his/her attitude toward the listener (e.g., friendly, angry, distant); for example, parent may ask child to do something in one language and when child doesn't comply, parent may express dissatisfaction by repeating in another language

9

Discuss controversy in bilingual education

Major problem in evaluating effects is existing programs vary widely in terms of teacher experience, school resources, and SES backgrounds of students which all confound study results

10

Results of bilingual program overall

In comparison to peers in English-only programs, children in good-quality bilingual programs do as well in acquiring English skills and learn subject matter as well or even better.

11

What is "code switching"?

Changing to another language in conversation

12

What are some of the functions of code switching in bilingual or multilingual speakers?

(1) If bilingual speaker cannot express self adequately in one language (can't remember a word or phrase)
(2) Switch to minority language as sign of solidarity with that group
(3) A way to express his/her attitude toward the listener (e.g., friendly, angry, distant); for example, parent may ask child to do something in one language and when child doesn't comply, parent may express dissatisfaction by repeating in another language

13

Discuss controversy in bilingual education

Major problem in evaluating effects is existing programs vary widely in terms of teacher experience, school resources, and SES backgrounds of students which all confound study results

14

Results of bilingual program overall

In comparison to peers in English-only programs, children in good-quality bilingual programs do as well in acquiring English skills and learn subject matter as well or even better.

15

What is "code switching"?

Changing to another language in conversation

16

What are some of the functions of code switching in bilingual or multilingual speakers?

(1) If bilingual speaker cannot express self adequately in one language (can't remember a word or phrase)
(2) Switch to minority language as sign of solidarity with that group
(3) A way to express his/her attitude toward the listener (e.g., friendly, angry, distant); for example, parent may ask child to do something in one language and when child doesn't comply, parent may express dissatisfaction by repeating in another language

17

Discuss controversy in bilingual education

Major problem in evaluating effects is existing programs vary widely in terms of teacher experience, school resources, and SES backgrounds of students which all confound study results

18

Results of bilingual program overall

In comparison to peers in English-only programs, children in good-quality bilingual programs do as well in acquiring English skills and learn subject matter as well or even better.

19

What is "code switching"?

Changing to another language in conversation

20

What are some of the functions of code switching in bilingual or multilingual speakers?

(1) If bilingual speaker cannot express self adequately in one language (can't remember a word or phrase)
(2) Switch to minority language as sign of solidarity with that group
(3) A way to express his/her attitude toward the listener (e.g., friendly, angry, distant); for example, parent may ask child to do something in one language and when child doesn't comply, parent may express dissatisfaction by repeating in another language

21

Discuss controversy in bilingual education

Major problem in evaluating effects is existing programs vary widely in terms of teacher experience, school resources, and SES backgrounds of students which all confound study results

22

Results of bilingual program overall

In comparison to peers in English-only programs, children in good-quality bilingual programs do as well in acquiring English skills and learn subject matter as well or even better.