Biological Basis of Behavior-Cognitive Disorders Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Biological Basis of Behavior-Cognitive Disorders Deck (95)
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1

What is considered to be the master endocrine gland?

Pituitary Gland

2

What does the hormone released by the pituitary gland do?

It stimulates all other endocrine hormones

3

Which brain structure regulates the pituitary gland?

Hypothalamus

4

What does the thyroid control?

Metabolism

5

What are some symptoms of hyperthyroidism?

Weight loss, increased appetite, heat sensitivity, diarrhea, tremor, fatigue, insomnia, impaired memory

6

Grave's Disease is a type of which thyroid disorder?

Hyperthyroidism

7

What mental health disorders does hyperthyroidism mimic?

Anxiety or mania

8

What are some symptoms of hypothyroidism?

Weight gain, sluggishness, fatigue, sensitivity to cold, problems with memory

9

What mental health disorder does hypothyroidism mimic?

Depression

10

What is Type I Diabetes?

Insulin-dependent diabetes, because the pancreas does not secrete insulin. It typically occurs before the age of 30

11

What is Type II Diabetes

When the body becomes resistant to insulin

12

Who is most at risk for Type II diabetes?

African Americans, Hispanics, and those who are obese

13

What are the 3 types of diabetes?

Type I
Type II
Gestational Diabetes

14

Hyperglycemia

Excess Blood Sugar

15

What are the 3 main symptoms of Hyperclycemia

Polyuria, polyphasia, polydipsia

16

Polyuria

Increased Urination

17

Polyphasia

Increased Appetite

18

Polydipsia

Increased Thirst

19

Hypoglycemia

Too little Blood Sugar

20

Symptoms of Hypoglycemia include?

Jittery, irritability, trembling, fatigue, rapid heart rate, confusion

21

Too little pituitary hormone results in?

Dwarfism

22

Too much pituitary hormone results in?

Gigantism

23

Too little cortico-steroids results in?

Addison's Disease

24

Too much cortico-steroids results in?

Cushing's Disease

25

What psychological symptoms can accompany Cushing's Disease?

Depression and Irritability

26

What must be present to diagnose dementia

Impairment in memory PLUS one of the following:
Aphasia
Apraxia
Agnosia
Disturbance in Executive Functioning
Must interfere with work or social activities
Must be a decline from previous functioning
Must be due to a medical Process

27

Is dementia more common in men or women?

It's equally common in men and women

28

What are some types of dementia?

Alzheimer's
Vascular Dementia
Dementia with Lewy Bodies
Mixed Dementia

29

What is the prevalence of Alzheimer's?

1 out of 8 people have dementia, increasing with age. ~30% of individuals over the age of 90 have Alzheimer's.

30

What are some early symptoms of Alzheimer's?

Forgetting names and recent events
Misplacing items
Apathy/Depression