Flashcards in Biological Basis of Behavior-Cognitive Disorders Deck (95)
What is considered to be the master endocrine gland?
What does the hormone released by the pituitary gland do?
It stimulates all other endocrine hormones
Which brain structure regulates the pituitary gland?
What does the thyroid control?
What are some symptoms of hyperthyroidism?
Weight loss, increased appetite, heat sensitivity, diarrhea, tremor, fatigue, insomnia, impaired memory
Grave's Disease is a type of which thyroid disorder?
What mental health disorders does hyperthyroidism mimic?
Anxiety or mania
What are some symptoms of hypothyroidism?
Weight gain, sluggishness, fatigue, sensitivity to cold, problems with memory
What mental health disorder does hypothyroidism mimic?
What is Type I Diabetes?
Insulin-dependent diabetes, because the pancreas does not secrete insulin. It typically occurs before the age of 30
What is Type II Diabetes
When the body becomes resistant to insulin
Who is most at risk for Type II diabetes?
African Americans, Hispanics, and those who are obese
What are the 3 types of diabetes?
Excess Blood Sugar
What are the 3 main symptoms of Hyperclycemia
Polyuria, polyphasia, polydipsia
Too little Blood Sugar
Symptoms of Hypoglycemia include?
Jittery, irritability, trembling, fatigue, rapid heart rate, confusion
Too little pituitary hormone results in?
Too much pituitary hormone results in?
Too little cortico-steroids results in?
Too much cortico-steroids results in?
What psychological symptoms can accompany Cushing's Disease?
Depression and Irritability
What must be present to diagnose dementia
Impairment in memory PLUS one of the following:
Disturbance in Executive Functioning
Must interfere with work or social activities
Must be a decline from previous functioning
Must be due to a medical Process
Is dementia more common in men or women?
It's equally common in men and women
What are some types of dementia?
Dementia with Lewy Bodies
What is the prevalence of Alzheimer's?
1 out of 8 people have dementia, increasing with age. ~30% of individuals over the age of 90 have Alzheimer's.