Flashcards in Biological Basis of Behavior-Central Nervous System Deck (120)
What is the role of sensory neurons?
To bring information in the central nervous system
What is another name for Efferent neurons?
What is the role of motor (efferent) neurons?
To carry information away from the central nervous system to various muscles and glands
Names of the Cervical Vertebrae
Names of the Thoracic Vertebrae
Names of the Back Vertebrae
Names of the Sacral Vertebrae
What are the four spinal vertebrae in order from top to bottom?
What is Quadriplegia?
Paralysis of all limbs
Severing the spinal cord between C1-C5 results in?
What is paraplegia?
Inability to move one's legs
Severing the spinal cord between C6 or C7 results in?
Paraplegia and partial paralysis of the arms
Severing the spinal cord at T1 or below results in?
What is paresis?
Weakness in one or more limbs
Incomplete severation of the spinal cord in any location results in?
What are the 3 main parts of the brain?
Which part of the brain is least developed at birth?
What are the Gyri?
The fold of the brain. They add cortical surface area to the brain.
What is the outer surface area of the brain called?
The cerebrum consists of what 2 areas?
Cortical and Subcortical areas
What are the 4 lobes of the brain?
Which lobe is the largest?
The Frontal Lobe contains what 3 divisions?
What are the functions of the Prefrontal Cortex?
What is the function of the Pre-Motor Area?
What is the function of the Motor Area?
Where in the brain would you find Broca's Area?
Left frontal lobe
What is Broca's Area
Controls the muscles involved in speech production
What is Broca's Aphasia?
The inability to express language