Learning Theory Flashcards Preview

EPPP Audio > Learning Theory > Flashcards

Flashcards in Learning Theory Deck (85)
Loading flashcards...
1

Another name for "conditioning."

Learning

2

One of the key differences between classical conditioning and operant conditioning is that in classically conditioned we learn based on things being __________

Paired

3

In operant conditioning we learn based on ___________

Reward and Punishment

4

What types of behaviors can be classically conditioned?

Automatic (Involuntary) Behaviors

5

What types of behaviors are operantly conditioned?

Purposeful and Effortful Behaviors

6

Respondant Conditioning is also known as ________

Classical Conditioning

7

Stimulus-Response Conditioning is also known as __________

Classical Conditioning

8

Pavlovian Conditioning is also known as ____________

Classical Conditioning

9

Which two psychologists are most known in the area of classical conditioning?

Ivan Pavlov and John Watson

10

Reflex

Something that happens automatically

11

Reflexes that are automatic and unlearned in response to a stimulus

Unconditioned Reflexes (Response)

12

If a stimulus produces an unconditioned response, what type of stimulus is it?

Unconditioned Stimulus

13

A reflex/response that has been learned and does not occur spontaneously

Conditioned Responses

14

A conditioned response occurs in response to what type of stimulus?

Conditioned Stimulus

15

How do you know if a reflex is unconditioned?

Every member of the species will respond to the stimulus in the same way

16

What is a neutral stimulus?

A stimulus that has no affect on an animal's/individual's behavior.

17

When does a neutral stimulus become a conditioned stimulus?

When the subject provides a conditioned response to the stimulus.

18

Is the UR or CR stronger?

UR

19

A client has a shoe fetish. What is the shoe?

A. US
B. CS
C. UR
D. CR
E. Neutral Stimulus

Conditioned Stimulus

20

Should the US occur before or after the presentation of the neutral stimulus?

After

21

Contiguity

Close in Time

22

Contingency

Something depends upon another

23

Does contiguity or contingency create classical conditioning?

Contingency

24

Standard Pairing/Delayed Conditioning

NS-US-UR; CS-CR

25

Trace Conditioning

The CS occurs long before the US, but stops right before the US

26

Temporal Conditioning

When a US is presented at a repeated time interval. The neutral stimulus is time.

27

Simultaneous Conditioning

NS and US occur at the same time. This will not produce classical conditioning.

28

Backwards Conditioning

Unconditioned Stimulus then Neutral Stimulus. This will not produce a conditioned response.

29

Stimulus Generalization (Classical Conditioning)

When something similar to the CS is presented and also elicits the CR. Requires no pairing.

30

Higher Order Conditioning

Deliberately pairing the CS with a new Neutral Stimulus. This new neutral stimulus will then elicit the CR.