Flashcards in Learning Theory Deck (85)
Another name for "conditioning."
One of the key differences between classical conditioning and operant conditioning is that in classically conditioned we learn based on things being __________
In operant conditioning we learn based on ___________
Reward and Punishment
What types of behaviors can be classically conditioned?
Automatic (Involuntary) Behaviors
What types of behaviors are operantly conditioned?
Purposeful and Effortful Behaviors
Respondant Conditioning is also known as ________
Stimulus-Response Conditioning is also known as __________
Pavlovian Conditioning is also known as ____________
Which two psychologists are most known in the area of classical conditioning?
Ivan Pavlov and John Watson
Something that happens automatically
Reflexes that are automatic and unlearned in response to a stimulus
Unconditioned Reflexes (Response)
If a stimulus produces an unconditioned response, what type of stimulus is it?
A reflex/response that has been learned and does not occur spontaneously
A conditioned response occurs in response to what type of stimulus?
How do you know if a reflex is unconditioned?
Every member of the species will respond to the stimulus in the same way
What is a neutral stimulus?
A stimulus that has no affect on an animal's/individual's behavior.
When does a neutral stimulus become a conditioned stimulus?
When the subject provides a conditioned response to the stimulus.
Is the UR or CR stronger?
A client has a shoe fetish. What is the shoe?
E. Neutral Stimulus
Should the US occur before or after the presentation of the neutral stimulus?
Close in Time
Something depends upon another
Does contiguity or contingency create classical conditioning?
Standard Pairing/Delayed Conditioning
The CS occurs long before the US, but stops right before the US
When a US is presented at a repeated time interval. The neutral stimulus is time.
NS and US occur at the same time. This will not produce classical conditioning.
Unconditioned Stimulus then Neutral Stimulus. This will not produce a conditioned response.
Stimulus Generalization (Classical Conditioning)
When something similar to the CS is presented and also elicits the CR. Requires no pairing.