Flashcards in Developmental Psychology Deck (145)
What is the difference between qualitative and quantitative theories of developmental change?
Qualitative developmental theories see development as discontinuous, with there being specific times of significant developmental growth and change. According to qualitative theorists, if you don't master a stage-specific issue, you become at risk of future developmental failures. Quantitative theorists view development as continuous and gradual. The only difference between children and adult abilities is the amount of things they are able to do. There are no qualitative differences.
Bronfenbrenner's Ecological Approach proposes which 5 systems?
Which approach proposes the following 5 systems:
Bronfenbrenner's Ecological Approach
Bidirectional relationships caused by everyday encounters
Links between mesosystems
Relationship between a setting that influences a person in the microsystem
Passage of Time
What is the difference between a critical period and a sensitive period?
A critical period requires that something occur during that time, or it will never occur. A sensitive period is a time in which something will have the greatest impact if it occurs, but can still occur at other times.
How many pairs of chromosomes does everybody have?
How many pairs of autosomes does a person have?
What exists in a person's genes
The observable part of a person's genes
What are some examples of autosomal abnormalities?
Sickle Cell Anemia
Hemophilia occurs most commonly in which sex?
Sickle Cell Anemia occurs most commonly in what group?
Only occurs in men
Only occurs in women
What are the 3 stages of pre-natal development?
During which pre-natal stage is a child most vulnerable to teratogens?
What are some inborn reflexes?
Which sense is least developed at birth?
At what age is a child most likely to begin standing independently?
At what age is an infant most likely to take their first steps?
At what age does a child usually learn to walk up stairs?
At what age is a child most likely to be successful potty training?
After 24 months
Flexibility in Brain Functioning
What is the brain most plastic?
Before age 7 or 8